Dynamically loading css file using javascript with callback without jQuery

I am trying to load a css file dynamically using javascript and cannot use any other js library (eg jQuery).

The css file loads but I can't seem to get a callback to work for it. Below is the code I am using

var callbackFunc = function(){
    console.log('file loaded');     
};
var head = document.getElementsByTagName( "head" )[0];
var fileref=document.createElement("link");
    fileref.setAttribute("rel", "stylesheet");
    fileref.setAttribute("type", "text/css");
    fileref.setAttribute("href", url);

    fileref.onload  = callbackFunc;
    head.insertBefore( fileref, head.firstChild );

Using the following code to add a script tag to load a js file works and fires a callback:

var callbackFunc = function(){
    console.log('file loaded');     
};

var script = document.createElement("script");

script.setAttribute("src",url);
script.setAttribute("type","text/javascript");

script.onload  = callbackFunc ;

head.insertBefore( script, head.firstChild );

Am I doing something wrong here? Any other method that can help me achieve this would be much appreciated?

Answers:

Answer

Unfortunately there is no onload support for stylesheets in most modern browsers. There is a solution I found with a little Googling.

Cited from: http://thudjs.tumblr.com/post/637855087/stylesheet-onload-or-lack-thereof

The basics

The most basic implementation of this can be done in a measely 30 lines of — framework independent — JavaScript code:

function loadStyleSheet( path, fn, scope ) {
   var head = document.getElementsByTagName( 'head' )[0], // reference to document.head for appending/ removing link nodes
       link = document.createElement( 'link' );           // create the link node
   link.setAttribute( 'href', path );
   link.setAttribute( 'rel', 'stylesheet' );
   link.setAttribute( 'type', 'text/css' );

   var sheet, cssRules;
// get the correct properties to check for depending on the browser
   if ( 'sheet' in link ) {
      sheet = 'sheet'; cssRules = 'cssRules';
   }
   else {
      sheet = 'styleSheet'; cssRules = 'rules';
   }

   var interval_id = setInterval( function() {                     // start checking whether the style sheet has successfully loaded
          try {
             if ( link[sheet] && link[sheet][cssRules].length ) { // SUCCESS! our style sheet has loaded
                clearInterval( interval_id );                      // clear the counters
                clearTimeout( timeout_id );
                fn.call( scope || window, true, link );           // fire the callback with success == true
             }
          } catch( e ) {} finally {}
       }, 10 ),                                                   // how often to check if the stylesheet is loaded
       timeout_id = setTimeout( function() {       // start counting down till fail
          clearInterval( interval_id );             // clear the counters
          clearTimeout( timeout_id );
          head.removeChild( link );                // since the style sheet didn't load, remove the link node from the DOM
          fn.call( scope || window, false, link ); // fire the callback with success == false
       }, 15000 );                                 // how long to wait before failing

   head.appendChild( link );  // insert the link node into the DOM and start loading the style sheet

   return link; // return the link node;
}

This would allow you to load a style sheet with an onload callback function like this:

loadStyleSheet( '/path/to/my/stylesheet.css', function( success, link ) {
   if ( success ) {
      // code to execute if the style sheet was loaded successfully
   }
   else {
      // code to execute if the style sheet failed to successfully
   }
} );

Or if you want to your callback to maintain its scope/ context, you could do something kind of like this:

loadStyleSheet( '/path/to/my/stylesheet.css', this.onComplete, this );
Answer

Some time ago i made a library for this, it's called Dysel, i hope it helps

Example: https://jsfiddle.net/sunrising/qk0ybtnb/

var googleFont = 'https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Lobster';
var jquery = 'https://code.jquery.com/jquery.js';
var bootstrapCss = 'https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.4/css/bootstrap.min.css';
var bootstrapJs = 'https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.4/js/bootstrap.min.js';
var smokeCss = 'https://rawgit.com/alfredobarron/smoke/master/dist/css/smoke.min.css';
var smokeJs = 'https://rawgit.com/alfredobarron/smoke/master/dist/js/smoke.min.js';

// push links into an array in the correct order
var extRes = [];
extRes.push(googleFont);
extRes.push(bootstrapCss);
extRes.push(smokeCss);
extRes.push(jquery);
extRes.push(bootstrapJs);
extRes.push(smokeJs);

// let this happen
dysel({
  links: extRes,
  callback: function() {
    alert('everything is now loaded, this is awesome!');
  }, // optional
  nocache: false, // optional
  debug: false // optional
});
Answer

You can make an empty css link in your html file and give the link an ID. e.g

<link id="stylesheet_css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/dummy.css?"/>

then call it with ID name and change the 'href' attribute

Answer

This vanilla JS approach works in all modern browsers:

let loadStyle = function(url) {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    let link    = document.createElement('link');
    link.type   = 'text/css';
    link.rel    = 'stylesheet';
    link.onload = () => { resolve(); console.log('style has loaded'); };
    link.href   = url;

    let headScript = document.querySelector('script');
    headScript.parentNode.insertBefore(link, headScript);
  });
};

// works in IE 10, 11 and Safari/Chrome/Firefox/Edge
// add an ES6 polyfill for the Promise (or rewrite to use a callback)
Answer

yepnope.js can load CSS and run a callback on completion. e.g.

yepnope([{
  load: "styles.css",
  complete: function() {
    console.log("oooooo. shiny!");
  }
}]);
Answer

Here's how we do it. By using "requestAnimationFrame" (or fallback to simple "load" event if its not avail).

By the way, this is the way Google recommends in their "page-speed" manual: https://developers.google.com/speed/docs/insights/OptimizeCSSDelivery

<script>
    function LoadCssFile(cssPath) {
        var l = document.createElement('link'); l.rel = 'stylesheet'; l.href = cssPath;
        var h = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0]; h.parentNode.insertBefore(l, h);
    }
    var cb = function() {
        LoadCssFile('file1.css');
        LoadCssFile('file2.css');
    };
    var raf = window.requestAnimationFrame || window.mozRequestAnimationFrame || window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame || window.msRequestAnimationFrame;
    if (raf) raf(cb);
    else window.addEventListener('load', cb);
</script>

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