Angular 4.3 HttpClient : Intercept response

In the documentation about the new HttpClientModule included in the new version of Angular 4.3, the mechanism to intercept requests is explained very well. There is also mention of the response interceptor mechanism however I cannot find anything about it.

Does anyone have an idea about how to intercept a response in order to modify the body message before it is sent to the service?

Thanks.

Answers:

Answer

I recently made an HttpInterceptor in order to resolve cyclical references in some JSON on the client side, essentially replacing any object with a $ref property with the object in the JSON that has a matching $id property. (This is the output you get if Json.Net is configured with PreserveReferencesHandling.Objects and ReferenceLoopHandling.Ignore).

The answers here helped me some of way, but none of them show how to modify the body of the response, like the OP needs. In order to do so, one needs to clone the event and update the body, like so:

intercept(req: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
    return next.handle(req).map(event => {
        if (event instanceof HttpResponse && shouldBeIntercepted(event)) {
            event = event.clone({ body: resolveReferences(event.body) })
        }         
        return event;
    });
}

Any event that should not be modified is simply passed through to the next handler.

Answer

I suppose you can use do as @federico-scamuzzi suggested, or you can use map and catch like so:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import {
  HttpErrorResponse,
  HttpEvent,
  HttpHandler,
  HttpInterceptor,
  HttpRequest,
  HttpResponse
} from '@angular/common/http';

import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/catch';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/throw';

@Injectable()
export class AuthInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
  intercept(req: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
    console.info('req.headers =', req.headers, ';');
    return next.handle(req)
      .map((event: HttpEvent<any>) => {
        if (event instanceof HttpResponse && ~~(event.status / 100) > 3) {
          console.info('HttpResponse::event =', event, ';');
        } else console.info('event =', event, ';');
        return event;
      })
      .catch((err: any, caught) => {
        if (err instanceof HttpErrorResponse) {
          if (err.status === 403) {
            console.info('err.error =', err.error, ';');
          }
          return Observable.throw(err);
        }
      });
  }
}

EDIT: @LalitKushwah was asking about redirecting if(!loggedIn). I use Route Guards, specifically:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { ActivatedRouteSnapshot, CanActivate, Router, RouterStateSnapshot
       } from '@angular/router';

import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';

import { AuthService } from '../../api/auth/auth.service';
import { AlertsService } from '../alerts/alerts.service';

@Injectable()
export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate {
  constructor(private router: Router,
              private alertsService: AlertsService) {}

  canActivate(next: ActivatedRouteSnapshot,
              state: RouterStateSnapshot
              ): Observable<boolean> | Promise<boolean> | boolean {
    if (AuthService.loggedIn()) return true;

    const url: string = state.url;

    this.alertsService.add(`Auth required to view ${url}`);
    this.router
      .navigate(['/auth'], { queryParams: { redirectUrl: url } })
      .then(() => {});
    return false;
  }
}

Then I can simply add that as an argument to my route:

{
  path: 'dashboard', loadChildren:'app/dashboard/dashboard.module#DashboardModule',
  canActivate: [AuthGuard]
}
Answer

With Angular 6 release they have adapted RxJs 6.0 because of that most of the above solutions will not work in this particular release of angular, this is how you correctly modify content of an Observable



import {HttpEvent, HttpHandler, HttpInterceptor, HttpRequest, HttpResponse} from '@angular/common/http';
import {Observable} from 'rxjs/internal/Observable';
import {Injectable} from '@angular/core';
import {tap} from 'rxjs/operators';

@Injectable()
export class ResponseInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {

    intercept(req: HttpRequest, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {

        return next.handle(req).pipe(tap((event: HttpEvent<any>) => {
            if (event instanceof HttpResponse) {
                event = event.clone({body: this.modifyBody(event.body)});
            }
            return event;
        }));

    }

    private modifyBody(body: any) {
        /*
        * write your logic to modify the body
        * */
    }
}


Answer

From what i can understand (I've only done the intercept for request and inject auth token) .. you can attach a .do() and test if is a reponse .. like (as doc says):

import 'rxjs/add/operator/do';

export class TimingInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
  constructor(private auth: AuthService) {}

  intercept(req: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
    const started = Date.now();
    return next
      .handle(req)
      .do(event => {
        if (event instanceof HttpResponse) { //<-- HERE
          const elapsed = Date.now() - started;
          console.log(event} ms.`);
        }
      });
  }

}

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