Using Jest to spy on method call in componentDidMount

I recently wanted to test that some custom method gets conditionally called in the componentDidMount method of a React component.

componentDidMount() {
  if (this.props.initOpen) {
    this.methodName();
  }
}

I'm using Jest as my testing framework, which includes jest.fn() for mocks/spies. I've read that this would be fairly trivial to test with Sinon, by doing something like the following:

sinon.spy(Component.prototype, "methodName");
const wrapper = mount(<Component {...props} />);
expect(wrapper.instance().methodName).toHaveBeenCalled();

I'm trying to recreate this with Jest like so:

Component.prototype.methodName = jest.fn();
const wrapper = mount(<Component {...props} />);
expect(wrapper.instance().methodName).toHaveBeenCalled();

This code fails and throws the following error:

jest.fn() value must be a mock function or spy.
Received:
  function: [Function bound mockConstructor]

Is it possible to test this functionality with Jest? And if so, how?

Answers:

Answer

The key is using jests spyOn method. It should be like this:

const spy = jest.spyOn(Component.prototype, 'methodName');
const wrapper = mount(<Component {...props} />);
wrapper.instance().methodName();
expect(spy).toHaveBeenCalled();

As found here e.g.: Test if function is called react and enzyme

Please note it is also best practice to clear the spied function after each test run

let spy

afterEach(() => {
  spy.mockClear()
})

https://facebook.github.io/jest/docs/en/jest-object.html#jestclearallmocks

Answer

I know its a bit late, but I came across this and would suggest that to test componentDidMount initiates the call to your nested method that your test should look something like:

Module

componentDidMount() {
  if (this.props.initOpen) {
    this.methodName();
  }
}

Test - Good

it('should call methodName during componentDidMount', () => {
    const methodNameFake = jest.spyOn(MyComponent.prototype, 'methodName');
    const wrapper = mount(<MyComponent {...props} />);
    expect(methodNameFake).toHaveBeenCalledTimes(1);
});

If you call componentDidMount then the assertion that methodName was called via componentDidMount is more valid.

Test - Bad

it('should call methodName during componentDidMount', () => {
    const spy = jest.spyOn(Component.prototype, 'methodName');
    const wrapper = mount(<Component {...props} />);
    wrapper.instance().methodName();
    expect(spy).toHaveBeenCalled();
}

By writing the test like this - you call the method and then assert that it was called. Which of course it will have given you just called it.

Answer

If you're trying to test public methods being called on componentDidMount (if you're using TypeScript), you'll need to explicitly call the instance's componentDidMount method call, since the public methods aren't defined until after the component is instantiated.

To test something like this:

Code

public componentDidMount() {
  if (this.props.initOpen) {
    this.methodName();
  }
}

public methodName = () => {
  // some code here
}

Test

it('should call methodName during componentDidMount', () => {
  const wrapper = mount(<MyComponent {...props} />);
  const instance = wrapper.instance();
  jest.spyOn(instance, 'methodName')
  expect(instance.methodName).toHaveBeenCalled();
});

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