How to create a “show more” button and specify how many lines of text can be initially shown

I'm looking for a way to create a slide out 'show more' feature on my responsive site, which cuts off after two lines of a paragraph.

I've achieved this before with a static website, by applying a set height to the container and using overflow: hidden, and then animating the height of the container.

But being responsive, the container squashes the text at different browser widths, so the text might take up more/less room. Also there may be different content above the paragraph each time pushing it down. So the setting height might not cover two lines exactly.

Please check out this jsFiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/XVAzU/ if you need to demonstrate.

So I need to cut off after two lines of the paragraph, no matter what width the container is or what comes before or after that paragraph.

Thanks for looking!

Answers:

Answer

Starting from your fiddle and wrapped the content into a <div> with a default class of content, used for selection and a class called hideContent which will be swapped with showContent when clicking the show more/show less link.

I also removed the <p> the text was in. The text is now within the content-div and we are also now able to apply correct height and line-height settings.

HTML:

<div class="text-container">
    <h1>Title goes here</h1>
    <h2>Subtitle</h2>
    <div class="content hideContent">
        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua. At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.
        <p>Some more text</p>
        <ul>
            <li>Some more text</li>
            <li>Some more text</li>
            <li>Some more text</li>
        </ul>
    </div>
    <div class="show-more">
        <a href="#">Show more</a>
    </div>
</div>?

CSS:

.hideContent {
    overflow: hidden;
    line-height: 1em;
    height: 2em;
}

.showContent {
    line-height: 1em;
    height: auto;
}

I'm assuming setting the line-height will ensure it is the same in all browsers. I'm not 100% certain on that though.

I attached a click event to the "show more" link which switches the classes on the div using jQueryUI switchClass():

$(".show-more a").on("click", function() {
    var $this = $(this); 
    var $content = $this.parent().prev("div.content");
    var linkText = $this.text().toUpperCase();    

    if(linkText === "SHOW MORE"){
        linkText = "Show less";
        $content.switchClass("hideContent", "showContent", 400);
    } else {
        linkText = "Show more";
        $content.switchClass("showContent", "hideContent", 400);
    };

    $this.text(linkText);
});?

JsFiddle Demo - show more / show less and applying line-height and animation

$(".show-more a").on("click", function() {
  var $this = $(this);
  var $content = $this.parent().prev("div.content");
  var linkText = $this.text().toUpperCase();

  if (linkText === "SHOW MORE") {
    linkText = "Show less";
    $content.switchClass("hideContent", "showContent", 400);
  } else {
    linkText = "Show more";
    $content.switchClass("showContent", "hideContent", 400);
  };

  $this.text(linkText);
});
div.text-container {
  margin: 0 auto;
  width: 75%;
}

.hideContent {
  overflow: hidden;
  line-height: 1em;
  height: 2em;
}

.showContent {
  line-height: 1em;
  height: auto;
}

.showContent {
  height: auto;
}

h1 {
  font-size: 24px;
}

p {
  padding: 10px 0;
}

.show-more {
  padding: 10px 0;
  text-align: center;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/ui/1.12.1/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>

<div class="text-container">
  <h1>Title goes here</h1>
  <h2>Subtitle</h2>
  <div class="content hideContent">
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua. At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata
    sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.
    <p>Some more text</p>
    <ul>
      <li>Some more text</li>
      <li>Some more text</li>
      <li>Some more text</li>
    </ul>
  </div>
  <div class="show-more">
    <a href="#">Show more</a>
  </div>
</div>

The above code is an example only but should get you started into the right direction.

Answer

If you're searching for a css only solution check this out:

HTML

 <div class="show-hide-text">
  <a  id="show-more" class="show-less" href="#show-less">Show less</a>
  <a  id="show-less" class="show-more" href="#show-more">Show more</a>
  <p>
    Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of  the printing and typesetting industry...
  </p>
</div>

// CSS

.show-hide-text {
  display: flex;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
}

.show-hide-text a {
  order: 2;
}

.show-hide-text p {
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
  max-height: 60px; // The Height of 3 rows
}

.show-hide-text p {
  display: -webkit-box;
  -webkit-line-clamp: 3; // 3 Rows of text
  -webkit-box-orient: vertical;
}

.show-less {
  display: none;
}

.show-less:target {
  display: block;
}

.show-less:target ~ p {
  display: block;
  max-height: 100%;
}

.show-less:target + a {
  display: none;
}

An example: https://codepen.io/srekoble/pen/WGBzZa?editors=1100

Answer

My suggestion to solve the problem

$("#slider_desc_toogler").on( "click", function() { 
  $('#slider_desc_toogler > i').toggleClass('fa-arrow-circle-down')
  $('#slider_desc_toogler > i').toggleClass('fa-arrow-circle-up')
  if ($("#slider_desc_toogler > i").hasClass( "fa-arrow-circle-down" )) {
    $(".slider_desc").css("max-height","38px");
  } else $(".slider_desc").css("max-height","500px");
});
.slider_desc {
  margin: 16px;
  margin-top: 0px;
  color: #333333;
  font-family: Arial;
  font-size: 14px;
  line-height: 18px;
  text-align: justify;
  overflow: hidden;
  transition: all 0.5s ease 0s;
  max-height: 38px;
}

#slider_desc_toogler{
  border-top: silver 1px dotted;
  margin-bottom: 30px;
  margin-top: 20px;
  width: 70%;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
}

#slider_desc_toogler i {
      position: absolute;
      text-align: center;
      color: silver;
      font-size: 25px;
      font-family: fontawesome;
      left: calc(50% - 10px);
      margin-top: -13px;
      background: #fff;
  }
<link href="https://use.fontawesome.com/releases/v5.3.1/css/all.css" rel="stylesheet"/>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<div class="slider_desc">
            Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.


            </div>
            <div id="slider_desc_toogler"><i class="fas fa-arrow-circle-down"></i></div>

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