PDF is blank when downloading using javascript

I have a web service that returns PDF file content in its response. I want to download this as a pdf file when user clicks the link. The javascript code that I have written in UI is as follows:

$http.get('http://MyPdfFileAPIstreamURl').then(function(response){
var blob=new File([response],'myBill.pdf',{type: "text/pdf"});
var link=document.createElement('a');
link.href=window.URL.createObjectURL(blob);
link.download="myBill.pdf";
link.click();
});

'response' contains the PDF byte array from servlet outputstream of 'MyPdfFileAPIstreamURl'. And also the stream is not encrypted.

So when I click the link, a PDF file gets downloaded successfully of size around 200KB. But when I open this file, it opens up with blank pages. The starting content of the downloaded pdf file is in the image.

I can't understand what is wrong here. Help !

This is the downloaded pdf file starting contents:

This is the downloaded pdf file starting contents

Answers:

Answer

solved it via XMLHttpRequest and xhr.responseType = 'arraybuffer'; code:

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xhr.open('GET', './api/exportdoc/report_'+id, true);
    xhr.responseType = 'arraybuffer';
    xhr.onload = function(e) {
       if (this.status == 200) {
          var blob=new Blob([this.response], {type:"application/pdf"});
          var link=document.createElement('a');
          link.href=window.URL.createObjectURL(blob);
          link.download="Report_"+new Date()+".pdf";
          link.click();
       }
    };
xhr.send();
Answer

i fetched the data from server as string(which is base64 encoded to string) and then on client side i decoded it to base64 and then to array buffer.

Sample code

function solution1(base64Data) {

    var arrBuffer = base64ToArrayBuffer(base64Data);

    // It is necessary to create a new blob object with mime-type explicitly set
    // otherwise only Chrome works like it should
    var newBlob = new Blob([arrBuffer], { type: "application/pdf" });

    // IE doesn't allow using a blob object directly as link href
    // instead it is necessary to use msSaveOrOpenBlob
    if (window.navigator && window.navigator.msSaveOrOpenBlob) {
        window.navigator.msSaveOrOpenBlob(newBlob);
        return;
    }

    // For other browsers: 
    // Create a link pointing to the ObjectURL containing the blob.
    var data = window.URL.createObjectURL(newBlob);

    var link = document.createElement('a');
    document.body.appendChild(link); //required in FF, optional for Chrome
    link.href = data;
    link.download = "file.pdf";
    link.click();
    window.URL.revokeObjectURL(data);
    link.remove();
}

function base64ToArrayBuffer(data) {
    var binaryString = window.atob(data);
    var binaryLen = binaryString.length;
    var bytes = new Uint8Array(binaryLen);
    for (var i = 0; i < binaryLen; i++) {
        var ascii = binaryString.charCodeAt(i);
        bytes[i] = ascii;
    }
    return bytes;
};
Answer

I was facing the same problem in my React project. On the API I was using res.download() of express to attach the PDF file in the response. By doing that, I was receiving a string based file. That was the real reason why the file was opening blank or corrupted.

In my case the solution was to force the responseType to 'blob'. Since I was making the request via axios, I just simply added this attr in the option object:

axios.get('your_api_url_here', { responseType: 'blob' })

After, to make the download happen, you can do something like this in your 'fetchFile' method:

const response = await youtServiceHere.fetchFile(id)
const pdfBlob = new Blob([response.data], { type: "application/pdf" })

const blobUrl = window.URL.createObjectURL(pdfBlob)
const link = document.createElement('a')
      link.href = blobUrl
      link.setAttribute('download', customNameIfYouWantHere)
      link.click();
      link.remove();
URL.revokeObjectURL(blobUrl);

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