AngularJS: can't get html5 mode urls with ui-route $state

I'm using ui-router for state management but I think I'm having trouble with my .htaccess rewrite rules. All my states worked when using /#/account style urls. Now I've enabled html5 mode but my app isn't rendering as it was before. It seems to load my index.html and all my js and css files, etc. but not actually initialise any states.

Here is my folder structure:

root/
    app/
        components/
            angular/
            ...
        images/
        scripts/ 
            controllers/
            directives/
            ...
            app.js       
        styles/
        views/
        .htaccess
        ...

My vhosts DocumentRoot points to my app/

Here is my app.js with my states:

'use strict';

angular.module('appointeddPortalApp',  ['ngResource', 'ui.state', 'ui.compat', 'fundoo.services', 'ui.date', 'ngCookies'])
.config(function ($stateProvider, $routeProvider, $locationProvider, $httpProvider) {

    var access = routingConfig.accessLevels;

    delete $httpProvider.defaults.headers.common["X-Requested-With"];
    $httpProvider.defaults.useXDomain = true;
    $locationProvider.html5Mode(true);

    $stateProvider
    .state('root', {
        abstract: true,
        url: '',
        views: {
            'header': {
                templateUrl: 'views/partials/header.html'
            },
            'search': {
                templateUrl: 'views/partials/search.html',
                controller: 'SearchCtrl'
            },
            'main': {
                templateUrl: 'views/main.html',
                controller: 'MainCtrl'
            },
            'footer': {
                templateUrl: 'views/partials/footer.html'
            },
        },
    })
    .state('root.home', {
        url: '',
        views: {
            'content': {
                templateUrl: 'views/home/index.html',
                controller: 'MainCtrl',
            }
        },
        access: access.anon
    })
    .state('root.about', {
        url: '/about',
        parent: 'root',
        views: {
            'content': {
                templateUrl: 'views/about.html',
                controller: 'StaticCtrl'
            },
            '[email protected]': {}
        },
        access: access.anon
    })
    .state('root.search', {
        url: '/search/:city/:category',
        views: {
            'content': {
                templateUrl: 'views/search.html',
                controller: 'SearchCtrl'
            }
        },
        access: access.anon
    })
    .state('root.salons_profile', {
        url: '/salons/{id}',
        views: {
            'content': {
                templateUrl: 'views/salons.profile.html',
                controller: 'SalonCtrl',
            },
            '[email protected]': {}
        },
        access: access.anon
    })
    .state('root.account', {
        url: '/account',
        abstract: true,
        views: {
            'content': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.html',
                controller: 'AccountCtrl'
            }
        },
    })
    .state('root.account.info', {
        url: '',
        views: {
            'account_head': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.head.html',
            },
            'account_body': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.my_appointedd.html',
            },
        },
        menus: {
            'account': {
                identifier: 'my_appointedd',
                class: 'active'
            }
        },
        access: access.user
    })
    .state('root.account.appointments', {
        url: '/appointments',
        views: {
            'account_head': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.head.html',
            },
            'account_body': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.appointments.html',
            },
        },
        menus: {
            'account': {
                identifier: 'appointments',
                class: 'active'
            }
        },
        access: access.user
    })
    .state('root.account.details', {
        abstract: true,
        views: {
            'account_head': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.head.html',
            },
            'account_body': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.details.html',
            },
        },
        access: access.user
    })
    .state('root.account.details.account', {
        url: '/details',
        views: {
            'right': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.details.account.html',
            },
        },
        menus: {
            'account': {
                identifier: 'details',
                class: 'active'
            },
            'settings': {
                identifier: 'account',
                class: 'active'
            }
        },
        access: access.user
    })
    .state('root.account.details.profile', {
        url: '/profile',
        views: {
            'right': {
                templateUrl: 'views/user/account.details.profile.html',
            },
        },
        menus: {
            'account': {
                identifier: 'details',
                class: 'active'
            },
            'settings': {
                identifier: 'profile',
                class: 'active'
            }
        },
        access: access.user
    });


})
.run( [ '$location', '$state', '$stateParams', '$rootScope', '$cookies', 'Auth', function( $location, $state, $stateParams, $rootScope, $cookies, Auth){

    $rootScope.client_id = '51a741eb3152c3ae7e000103';
    $rootScope.$state = $state;
    $rootScope.$stateParams = $stateParams;
    $rootScope.$cookies = $cookies;

    $rootScope.$on('$stateChangeStart', function(event, toState, toParams, fromState, fromParams){
        if (!Auth.authorize(toState.access)) {
            if(Auth.isLoggedIn()) $state.transitionTo('root.account');
            else                  $state.transitionTo('root.home');
        }
    });

Here is my rewrite code that sits in .htaccess in /app. I think this is might be wrong.

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
  Options +FollowSymLinks 
  RewriteEngine On 
  RewriteBase / 
  RewriteRule ^(components|images|scripts|styles|views)($|/) - [L]
  RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.html [L]
</IfModule>

Answers:

Answer

This configuration has worked for many of our Apache users using html5mode and ui-router.

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName my-app

    DocumentRoot /path/to/app

    <Directory /path/to/app>
        RewriteEngine on

        # Don't rewrite files or directories
        RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f [OR]
        RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d
        RewriteRule ^ - [L]

        # Rewrite everything else to index.html to allow html5 state links
        RewriteRule ^ index.html [L]
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Also please make sure you are not a victim of <base href> bug. See the ui-router FAQ for more info.

Answer

If working in a shared hosting that doesn't allow to edit Apache configuration you can set this in your .htaccess file to make $locationProvider.html5Mode(true) work (as @Shanimal pointed in @nfiniteloop answer):

RewriteEngine on

RewriteBase /path/to/app #change this!

# Don't rewrite files or directories
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f [OR]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d
RewriteRule ^ - [L]

# Rewrite everything else to index.html to allow html5 state links
RewriteRule ^ index.html [L]

And don't forget to add <base href="/path/to/app/"> in the HTML <head>.

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