Check if polygon is inside a polygon

Yesterday I was looking to check if a point was inside a polygon and found this great script: https://github.com/tparkin/Google-Maps-Point-in-Polygon

But today at work I was told that our client needs to check if one polygon is inside another polygon. I am wondering if is there a formula where I can take, let's say, two coordinates (instead of one to check a point), and from those two coordinates generate a rectangle and check if that rectangle is inside a polygon.

I don't know if I'm asking a stupid question (a teacher in highschool used to say "there are no stupid questions, there is only fools who don't ask"), but if you don't understand me totally but just a bit, I'd be grateful if you just tell me where to start.

Answers:

Answer

Perform line intersection tests for each pair of lines, one from each polygon. If no pairs of lines intersect and one of the line end-points of polygon A is inside polygon B, then A is entirely inside B.

The above works for any type of polygon. If the polygons are convex, you can skip the line intersection tests and just test that all line end-points of A are inside B.

If really necessary, you can speed up the line intersection tests using the sweep line algorithm.

Answer

First check that one of the corner points in the polygon is inside the other polygon using the script. Then check if any of the lines in the polygon crosses any of the lines in the other polygon. If they don't, the polygon is inside the other polygon.

Answer

Is the polygon convex? Because, if it is, you could just run the "point in polygon" script for both "corners" of your "rectangle." If both corners are in, and the polygon has no "curves" inward, then wouldn't the whole rectangle be in?

Answer

Maybe this part of the code can help you:

package com.polygons;
import java.awt.Point;
import java.awt.Polygon;
import java.awt.geom.Line2D;
import java.awt.geom.Point2D;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.commons.collections.CollectionUtils;

/**
 * Utility to Manipulate Polygons
 * 
 * @author fernando.hernandez
 *
 */

public class PolygonUtils {

    /**
     * Check if  polygon2 is inside polygon to polygon1
     * @param polygon1 polygon that contains other 
     * @param polygon2 polygon that is inner to other
     * @return true if polygon2 is inner to polygon1
     */
    public boolean isInsidePolygon(Polygon polygon1, Polygon polygon2){
        //all points in inner Polygon should be contained in polygon
        int[] xpoints = polygon2.xpoints;
        int[] ypoints = polygon2.ypoints;
        boolean result =  true;
        for (int i = 0, j = 0; i < polygon2.npoints ; i++,j++) {
             result = polygon1.contains(new Point(xpoints[i], ypoints[j]));
             if(!result) break;   
        }
        return result;
    }
}
Answer

I had to find a similar solution. Here is what i have so far :

  1. First i fetched all the level 1 polygon coordinates in an array[pol1cords[cord1,cord2...],pol2cords[cord1,cord2...],..]
  2. Then fetched all the level 3 polygons and plotted them
  3. Then for each level 1 polygon, i checked if each of the polygon coordinates was inside the plotted level 3 coordinate with google.maps.geometry.poly.containsLocation(latLng, pol)
  4. If it returned true counter would go up
  5. At last if the counter was equal to the length of that array, the result would be true(the level 1 polygon is inside the level3 polygon).

My algorithm looks something like this:

""Zone(level 3)->District(level 2)->VDC(level 1)"" vdcs = getVDCs(); -> gives vdcs in an array which has name, id and polygon coordinates zones = getZones(); ->gives zones in an array which has name, id and polygon coordinates

foreach(zones as zone){
    drawPolygon(zone[coordinates]);
    foreach(vdcs as vdc){
        foreach(vdc[coordinates] as coordinate){
            result = checkLocation(zone, coordinate);
            if(result) counter++;
        }
        if(counter = vdc[coordinates].length){writeConsole(vdc_id+"true in"+zone_id)}
    }
}

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