Create a table in SVG

I'm trying to create a table-like object within an SVG document. Currently, due to the fact that SVG does not have a table element, I am using an HTML parser to go through and convert an HTML table, (created by the user in an HTML table Builder), to a group of SVG objects, and then adding that to my overall SVG drawing. I was wondering if any one was able to find a better alternative to this method, such as an SVG table builder? I'm looking to accomplish this using Javascript or jquery. Any ideas or suggestions would be appreciated.

Answers:

Answer

I would simply embed a real table in my SVG:

<?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <foreignObject x="10" y="10" width="100" height="150">
    <body xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
      <table><!-- ... --></table>
    </body>
  </foreignObject>
  <!-- ... -->
</svg>
Answer

U can use this way:

There are no 'table'-type elements in SVG, but you can achieve a similar visual and interactive effect using the 'text' and 'tspan' elements. On the left are 2 such tabular representations, the top one with columnar layout (that is, the user can select all the text in a column), and the bottom table with row- based layout. An obvious disadvantage to this approach is that you cannot create a table with both vertical and horizontal selectivity. A less obvious flaw is that creating a tabular appearance does not confer the semantic qualities of a real table, which is disadvantageous to accessibility and is not conducive to rich interactivity and navigation

Example:

<?xml version='1.0' standalone='no'?>
<!DOCTYPE svg PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.1//EN'
  'http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/1.1/DTD/svg11.dtd'>
<svg width='100%' height='100%' xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' xmlns:xlink='http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink'>

   <title>SVG Table</title>

   <g id='columnGroup'>
      <rect x='65' y='10' width='75' height='110' fill='gainsboro'/>
      <rect x='265' y='10' width='75' height='110' fill='gainsboro'/>

      <text x='30' y='30' font-size='18px' font-weight='bold' fill='crimson'>
         <tspan x='30' dy='1.5em'>Q1</tspan>
         <tspan x='30' dy='1em'>Q2</tspan>
         <tspan x='30' dy='1em'>Q3</tspan>
         <tspan x='30' dy='1em'>Q4</tspan>
      </text>

      <text x='100' y='30' font-size='18px' text-anchor='middle'>
         <tspan x='100' font-weight='bold' fill='crimson'>Sales</tspan>
         <tspan x='100' dy='1.5em'>$ 223</tspan>
         <tspan x='100' dy='1em'>$ 183</tspan>
         <tspan x='100' dy='1em'>$ 277</tspan>
         <tspan x='100' dy='1em'>$ 402</tspan>
      </text>

      <text x='200' y='30' font-size='18px' text-anchor='middle'>
         <tspan x='200' font-weight='bold' fill='crimson'>Expenses</tspan>
         <tspan x='200' dy='1.5em'>$ 195</tspan>
         <tspan x='200' dy='1em'>$ 70</tspan>
         <tspan x='200' dy='1em'>$ 88</tspan>
         <tspan x='200' dy='1em'>$ 133</tspan>
      </text>

      <text x='300' y='30' font-size='18px' text-anchor='middle'>
         <tspan x='300' font-weight='bold' fill='crimson'>Net</tspan>
         <tspan x='300' dy='1.5em'>$ 28</tspan>
         <tspan x='300' dy='1em'>$ 113</tspan>
         <tspan x='300' dy='1em'>$ 189</tspan>
         <tspan x='300' dy='1em'>$ 269</tspan>
      </text>
   </g>
</svg>

Source: http://svg-whiz.com/svg/table.svg

Answer

I just wanted to add my thoughts on this for posterity. There are a lot of fairly complicated options out there but if you just want something which looks like a table, this might get you started...

//assuming you have a table with an ID of src_table
var my_svg = '<svg xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="svg_table" width="'+$("#src_table").width()+'px" height="'+$("#src_table").height()+'px">'
var table_offset = $('#src_table').offset();
$('#src_table').find('td').each(function() {
        //Add a rectangle for each <td> in the same place in SVG as the <td> is in relation to the top left of where the table is on page
        my_svg += '<rect x="'+(this_offset.left - table_offset.left)+'" y="'+(this_offset.top - table_offset.top)+'" width="'+$(this).width()+'" height="'+$(this).height()+'" stroke="black" stroke-width="'+$(this).css('border-width').replace('px','')+'"/>';

       //Text is assumed to be in a <p> tag. If it's not, just use the .html() of the <td> element
       (this).children('p').each(function(){
                t_offset = $(this).offset();
                var this_text = '<text x="'+(t_offset.left - table_offset.left)+'" y="'+(t_offset.top - table_offset.top)+'"  style="font-size:'+$(this).css('font-size')+'; fill: #ffffff">';
                    // Look for <br> tags and split them onto new lines.
                    var this_lines = $(this).html().split('<br>');
                    for(var i=0;i<this_lines.length;i++){
                        this_text += '<tspan x="'+(t_offset.left - table_offset.left)+'" dy="'+$(this).css('font-size')+'">'+this_lines[i]+'</tspan>';
                    }
            this_text += '</text>';
            my_svg +=  this_text;
        })
    }
});
my_svg += '</svg>';

//Either append my_svg to a div or pass the code onto whatever else you need to do with it.

This is obviously rough but might get you started down the right track.

Answer

I found a project on github which automatically generates an HTML-like table from a JavaScript data structure: https://github.com/cocuh/SVG-Table

Since it does not rely on foreignObject, it's portability across browsers is much better.

Answer

Here is an example showing an SVG foreignobject which contains a tabular layout of nested SVG elements. It only works in Chrome though.

It includes an HTML table layout and a flexbox layout using div elements.

A jsfiddle is here.

<body>
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
    <defs>
        <g id="shape">
            <rect x="0" y="0" rx="5" ry="5" width="100%" height="100%" fill="inherit" />
            <circle cx="50%" cy="50%" r="8" fill="yellow" />
        </g>
    </defs>
    <foreignobject width="100%" height="50px" y="0">

        <body xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
            <table width="100%">
                <tr>
                    <td colspan="3">
                        <div style="height:20px">
                            <svg>
                                <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="CornflowerBlue" />
                            </svg>
                        </div>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td>
                        <div style="height:20px">
                            <svg>
                                <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="SlateBlue" />
                            </svg>
                        </div>
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <div style="height:20px">
                            <svg>
                                <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="SlateBlue" />
                            </svg>
                        </div>
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <div style="height:20px">
                            <svg>
                                <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="SlateBlue" />
                            </svg>
                        </div>
                    </td>
                </tr>
            </table>
        </body>
    </foreignobject>
    <foreignobject width="100%" height="50px" y="60">

        <body xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
            <div style="display:flex;flex-direction:column">
                <div>
                    <div style="height:20px;padding:2px">
                        <svg>
                            <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="orange" />
                        </svg>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div style="display:flex;flex-direction:row;align-items:stretch">
                    <div style="width:33.333%;height:20px;padding:2px">
                        <svg>
                            <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="forestgreen" />
                        </svg>
                    </div>
                    <div style="width:33.333%;height:20px;padding:2px">
                        <svg>
                            <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="forestgreen" />
                        </svg>
                    </div>
                    <div style="width:33.333%;height:20px;padding:2px">
                        <svg>
                            <use xlink:href="#shape" fill="forestgreen" />
                        </svg>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </body>
    </foreignobject>
</svg>

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