Get a list of all currently pressed keys in Javascript [duplicate]

In Javascript, I want to write a function that returns a list of all keys that are currently pressed (so that I can allow the user to create custom keyboard shortcuts.) Is there any way to obtain a list of all currently pressed keys in Javascript?

Answers:

Answer
  • whenever a key is pressed a keydown event will be sent
  • whenever a key is released a keyup event will be triggered

So you just need to save the keys in an array and check whether your combination is true.

Example

var keys = [];
window.addEventListener("keydown",
    function(e){
        keys[e.keyCode] = true;
        checkCombinations(e);
    },
false);

window.addEventListener('keyup',
    function(e){
        keys[e.keyCode] = false;
    },
false);

function checkCombinations(e){
    if(keys["a".charCodeAt(0)] && e.ctrlKey){
        alert("You're not allowed to mark all content!");
        e.preventDefault();
    }
}

Note that you should use e.key instead of e.keyCode whenever possible (in this case var key = {}, since e.key is a string).

Answer

Improving on the previous answer, I have written a demo that prints the list of pressed keys on mousedown and mouseup.

Here it is on jsfiddle.

var keys = [];
document.body.innerHTML = "Keys currently pressed: "
window.addEventListener("keydown",
    function(e){
        keys[e.keyCode] = e.keyCode;
        var keysArray = getNumberArray(keys);
        document.body.innerHTML = "Keys currently pressed:" + keysArray;
        if(keysArray.toString() == "17,65"){
            document.body.innerHTML += " Select all!"
        }
    },
false);

window.addEventListener('keyup',
    function(e){
        keys[e.keyCode] = false;
        document.body.innerHTML = "Keys currently pressed: " + getNumberArray(keys);
    },
false);

function getNumberArray(arr){
    var newArr = new Array();
    for(var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++){
        if(typeof arr[i] == "number"){
            newArr[newArr.length] = arr[i];
        }
    }
    return newArr;
}
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