Is it possible, in JavaScript, to detect when the screen is turned off in the Android & iOS browsers

I was tracking down some ridiculously high load times that my app's javascript reported, and found that Android (and iOS) pause some JavaScript execution when the window is in the background or the display is off.

On Android, I found that I could use the window.onfocus and onblur events to detect when the app was switching to the background (and js execution would soon be paused, at least for new scripts), but I can't find a way to detect when the screen is turned on or off. Is this possible?

(On Safari, I had similar results except that onfocus and onblur didn't fire reliably.)

Answers:

Answer

There is few options to check it:

  1. Using Visibility API

  2. Using focus and blur events to detect browser tab visibility:

window.addEventListener("focus", handleBrowserState.bind(context, true));
window.addEventListener("blur", handleBrowserState.bind(context, false));

function handleBrowserState(isActive){
    // do something
}
  1. Using timers, as mentioned above
Answer

I just found a pretty good solution for my use case:

function getTime() {
    return (new Date()).getTime();
}

var lastInterval = getTime();

function intervalHeartbeat() {
    var now = getTime();
    var diff = now - lastInterval;
    var offBy = diff - 1000; // 1000 = the 1 second delay I was expecting
    lastInterval = now;

    if(offBy > 100) { // don't trigger on small stutters less than 100ms
        console.log('interval heartbeat - off by ' + offBy + 'ms');
    }
}

setInterval(intervalHeartbeat, 1000);

When the screen is turned off (or JS is paused for any reason), the next interval is delayed until JS execution resumes. In my code, I can just adjust the timers by the offBy amount and call it good.

In quick testing, this seemed to work well on both Android 4.2.2's browser and Safari on iOS 6.1.3.

Answer

Found a nice function here:

http://rakaz.nl/2009/09/iphone-webapps-101-detecting-essential-information-about-your-iphone.html

(function() {
    var timestamp = new Date().getTime();

    function checkResume() {
        var current = new Date().getTime();
        if (current - timestamp > 4000) {
            var event = document.createEvent("Events");
            event.initEvent("resume", true, true);
            document.dispatchEvent(event);
        }
        timestamp = current;
    }

    window.setInterval(checkResume, 1000);
})();   

To register for event:

addEventListener("resume", function() {
    alert('Resuming this webapp');
});

This is consistent with Cordova which also fires the resume event.

Answer

what will you do in your script once you now that the screen turns off? Well anyway, you can inject Java objects ( http://developer.android.com/reference/android/webkit/WebView.html#addJavascriptInterface(java.lang.Object,%20java.lang.String) ) to interface with the activity and proxy all information you require in JS world.

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