Code not running in IE 11, works fine in Chrome

The following code can be run without a problem in Chrome, but throws the following error in Internet Explorer 11.

Object doesn't support property or method 'startsWith'

I am storing the element's ID in a variable. What is the issue?

function changeClass(elId) {
  var array = document.getElementsByTagName('td');
  
  for (var a = 0; a < array.length; a++) {
    var str = array[a].id;
    
    if (str.startsWith('REP')) {
      if (str == elId) {
        array[a].style.backgroundColor = "Blue";
        array[a].style.color = "white";
      } else {
        array[a].style.backgroundColor = "";
        array[a].style.color = "";
      }
    } else if (str.startsWith('D')) {
      if (str == elId) {
        array[a].style.backgroundColor = "Blue";
        array[a].style.color = "white";
      } else {
        array[a].style.backgroundColor = "";
        array[a].style.color = "";
      }
    }
  }
}
<table>
  <tr>
    <td id="REP1" onclick="changeClass('REP1');">REPS</td>
    <td id="td1">&nbsp;</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td id="td1">&nbsp;</td>
    <td id="D1" onclick="changeClass('D1');">Doors</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td id="td1">&nbsp;</td>
    <td id="D12" onclick="changeClass('D12');">Doors</td>
  </tr>
</table>

Answers:

Answer

String.prototype.startsWith is a standard method in the most recent version of JavaScript, ES6.

Looking at the compatibility table below, we can see that it is supported on all current major platforms, except versions of Internet Explorer.

?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
?    Feature    ? Chrome ? Firefox ? Edge  ? Internet Explorer ? Opera ? Safari ?
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
? Basic Support ?    41+ ?     17+ ? (Yes) ? No Support        ?    28 ?      9 ?
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

You'll need to implement .startsWith yourself. Here is the polyfill:

if (!String.prototype.startsWith) {
  String.prototype.startsWith = function(searchString, position) {
    position = position || 0;
    return this.indexOf(searchString, position) === position;
  };
}
Answer

text.indexOf("newString") is the best method instead of startsWith.

Example:

var text = "Format";
if(text.indexOf("Format") == 0) {
    alert(text + " = Format");
} else {
    alert(text + " != Format");
}
Answer

If this is happening in Angular 2+ application, you can just uncomment string polyfills in polyfills.ts:

import 'core-js/es6/string';
Answer

Replace the startsWith function with:

yourString.indexOf(searchString, position) // where position can be set to 0

This will support all browsers including IE

Position can be set to 0 for string matching from the start meaning 0th position.

Answer

As others have said startsWith and endsWith are part of ES6 and not available in IE11. Our company always uses lodash library as a polyfill solution for IE11. https://lodash.com/docs/4.17.4

_.startsWith([string=''], [target], [position=0])
Answer

While the post of Oka is working great, it might be a bit outdated. I figured out that lodash can tackle it with one single function. If you have lodash installed, it might save you a few lines.

Just try:

import { startsWith } from lodash;

. . .

    if (startsWith(yourVariable, 'REP')) {
         return yourVariable;        
    return yourVariable;
       }      
     }
Answer

I also recently faced the prob. I solved using ^ which is similar to startwith in jquery. Say,

var str = array[a].id;
if (str.startsWith('REP')) {..........}

we can use

if($("[id^=str]").length){..........}

Here, str is id of element.

Answer

Follow this method if problem comes when working with angular2+ projects

I was looking for a solution when i got this error, and it got me here. But this question seems to be specific but the error is not, its a generic error. This is a common error for angular developers dealing with Internet Explorer.

I had the same issue while working with angular 2+, and it got resolved just by few simple steps.

In Angular latest versions, there are come commented codes in the polyfills.ts shows all the polyfills required for the smooth running in Internet Explorer versions IE09,IE10 and IE11

/** IE9, IE10 and IE11 requires all of the following polyfills. **/
//import 'core-js/es6/symbol';
//import 'core-js/es6/object';
//import 'core-js/es6/function';
//import 'core-js/es6/parse-int';
//import 'core-js/es6/parse-float';
//import 'core-js/es6/number';
//import 'core-js/es6/math';
//import 'core-js/es6/string';
//import 'core-js/es6/date';
//import 'core-js/es6/array';
//import 'core-js/es6/regexp';
//import 'core-js/es6/map';
//import 'core-js/es6/weak-map';
//import 'core-js/es6/set';

Uncomment the codes and it would work perfectly in IE browsers

/** IE9, IE10 and IE11 requires all of the following polyfills. **/
import 'core-js/es6/symbol';
import 'core-js/es6/object';
import 'core-js/es6/function';
import 'core-js/es6/parse-int';
import 'core-js/es6/parse-float';
import 'core-js/es6/number';
import 'core-js/es6/math';
import 'core-js/es6/string';
import 'core-js/es6/date';
import 'core-js/es6/array';
import 'core-js/es6/regexp';
import 'core-js/es6/map';
import 'core-js/es6/weak-map';
import 'core-js/es6/set';

But you might see a performance drop in IE browsers compared to others :(

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