# Parsing and converting exponential values to decimal in JavaScript

I want to parse and convert an exponential value into a decimal using JavaScript. `4.65661287307739E-10` should give `0.000000000465661287307739`. What should I do to achieve this?

`parseFloat(4.65661287307739E-10)` returns `4.65661287307739e-10`.

`parseInt(4.65661287307739E-10)` returns `4`.

You can use `toFixed()`, but there is a limit of 20.

ex:

``````(4.65661287307739E-10).toFixed(20)
"0.00000000046566128731"
``````

But...

``````(4.65661287307739E-30).toFixed(20)
"0.00000000000000000000"
``````

So if you always have fewer than 20 decimal places, you'll be fine. Otherwise, I think you may have to write your own.

You can display the string value of a large or small decimal:

``````Number.prototype.noExponents= function(){
var data= String(this).split(/[eE]/);
if(data.length== 1) return data[0];

var  z= '', sign= this<0? '-':'',
str= data[0].replace('.', ''),
mag= Number(data[1])+ 1;

if(mag<0){
z= sign + '0.';
while(mag++) z += '0';
return z + str.replace(/^\-/,'');
}
mag -= str.length;
while(mag--) z += '0';
return str + z;
}
var n=4.65661287307739E-10 ;
n.noExponents()

/*  returned value: (String)
0.000000000465661287307739
*/
``````

A horribly primitive conversion, written with ES6:

``````function convert(n){
return +pow <= 0
? "0." + "0".repeat(Math.abs(pow)-1) + lead + decimal
: lead + ( +pow >= decimal.length ? (decimal + "0".repeat(+pow-decimal.length)) : (decimal.slice(0,+pow)+"."+decimal.slice(+pow)))
}

var myvar = 4.951760157141521e+27;
var myvar2 = 4.951760157141521e-2;
convert(myvar);//"4951760157141521000000000000"
convert(myvar2);//"0.04951760157141521"
``````

This variant works well for me to display formatted string values for too small/big numbers:

``````const exponentialToDecimal = exponential => {
let decimal = exponential.toString().toLowerCase();
if (decimal.includes('e+')) {
const exponentialSplitted = decimal.split('e+');
let postfix = '';
for (
let i = 0;
i <
+exponentialSplitted[1] -
(exponentialSplitted[0].includes('.') ? exponentialSplitted[0].split('.')[1].length : 0);
i++
) {
postfix += '0';
}
const addCommas = text => {
let j = 3;
let textLength = text.length;
while (j < textLength) {
text = `\${text.slice(0, textLength - j)},\${text.slice(textLength - j, textLength)}`;
textLength++;
j += 3 + 1;
}
return text;
};
decimal = addCommas(exponentialSplitted[0].replace('.', '') + postfix);
}
if (decimal.toLowerCase().includes('e-')) {
const exponentialSplitted = decimal.split('e-');
let prefix = '0.';
for (let i = 0; i < +exponentialSplitted[1] - 1; i++) {
prefix += '0';
}
decimal = prefix + exponentialSplitted[0].replace('.', '');
}
return decimal;
};

const result1 = exponentialToDecimal(5.6565e29); // "565,650,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000"
const result2 = exponentialToDecimal(5.6565e-29); // "0.000000000000000000000000000056565"
``````

Expanded from @kennebec 's answer, but handles the edge cases his fails at better (Gist, with CoffeeScript):

``````  String.prototype.noExponents = function(explicitNum) {
var data, leader, mag, multiplier, num, sign, str, z;
if (explicitNum == null) {
explicitNum = true;
}

/*
* Remove scientific notation from a number
*
* After
* http://stackoverflow.com/a/18719988/1877527
*/
data = this.split(/[eE]/);
if (data.length === 1) {
return data[0];
}
z = "";
sign = this.slice(0, 1) === "-" ? "-" : "";
str = data[0].replace(".", "");
mag = Number(data[1]) + 1;
if (mag <= 0) {
z = sign + "0.";
while (!(mag >= 0)) {
z += "0";
++mag;
}
num = z + str.replace(/^\-/, "");
if (explicitNum) {
return parseFloat(num);
} else {
return num;
}
}
if (str.length <= mag) {
mag -= str.length;
while (!(mag <= 0)) {
z += 0;
--mag;
}
num = str + z;
if (explicitNum) {
return parseFloat(num);
} else {
return num;
}
} else {
multiplier = Math.pow(10, parseInt(data[1]));
}
};

Number.prototype.noExponents = function() {
var strVal;
strVal = String(this);
return strVal.noExponents(true);
};``````

In ExtJS you can use `Ext.Number.toFixed(value, precision)` method which internally uses `toFixed()` method,

E.g.

``````console.log(Ext.Number.toFixed(4.65661287307739E-10, 10));
// O/p => 0.0000000005

console.log(Ext.Number.toFixed(4.65661287307739E-10, 15));
// 0.000000000465661
``````

Here is my short function code that converts Exponential (e-Notation) Numbers to Decimals, allowing the output of large number of decimal places.

It handles all the e-notation syntax permitted by Javascript which include the following:

``````Valid e-notation numbers in Javascript:
123e1    ==>  1230
123E1    ==>  1230
123e+1   ==>  1230
123.e+1  ==>  1230   (with missing fractional part)
123e-1   ==>  12.3
0.1e-1   ==>  0.01
.1e-1    ==>  0.01   (with missing whole part)
-123e1    ==> -1230
0.0e1    ==>  0
-0.0e4    ==> -0

``````

The function does not attempt to trap NaN or undefined inputs but does attempt to cater for normal (non-e-notation) numbers; such numbers are returned "as is".

I have tried to provide enough comments on each line and tried to avoid (as far as possible!) the use of short-circuiting and conditional (ternary) operators for better clarity.

I have used the `toLocaleString()` method to automatically detect the decimal separator sign, but this, of course, assumes that the input string representing the number follows the machine's locale (especially when manually passed to the function).

``````/********************************************************
* Converts Exponential (e-Notation) Numbers to Decimals
********************************************************
* @function numberExponentToLarge()
* @version  1.00
* @param   {string}  Number in exponent format.
*                   (other formats returned as is).
* @return  {string}  Returns a decimal number string.
* @author  Mohsen Alyafei
* @date    12 Jan 2020
*
* Notes: No check is made for NaN or undefined inputs
*
*******************************************************/

function numberExponentToLarge(numIn) {
numIn +="";                                            // To cater to numric entries
var sign="";                                           // To remember the number sign
numIn.charAt(0)=="-" && (numIn =numIn.substring(1),sign ="-"); // remove - sign & remember it
var str = numIn.split(/[eE]/g);                        // Split numberic string at e or E
if (str.length<2) return sign+numIn;                   // Not an Exponent Number? Exit with orginal Num back
var power = str[1];                                    // Get Exponent (Power) (could be + or -)

var deciSp = 1.1.toLocaleString().substring(1,2);  // Get Deciaml Separator
str = str[0].split(deciSp);                        // Split the Base Number into LH and RH at the decimal point
var baseRH = str[1] || "",                         // RH Base part. Make sure we have a RH fraction else ""
baseLH = str[0];                               // LH base part.

if (power>=0) {   // ------- Positive Exponents (Process the RH Base Part)
if (power> baseRH.length) baseRH +="0".repeat(power-baseRH.length); // Pad with "0" at RH
baseRH = baseRH.slice(0,power) + deciSp + baseRH.slice(power);      // Insert decSep at the correct place into RH base
if (baseRH.charAt(baseRH.length-1) ==deciSp) baseRH =baseRH.slice(0,-1); // If decSep at RH end? => remove it

} else {         // ------- Negative exponents (Process the LH Base Part)
num= Math.abs(power) - baseLH.length;                               // Delta necessary 0's
if (num>0) baseLH = "0".repeat(num) + baseLH;                       // Pad with "0" at LH
baseLH = baseLH.slice(0, power) + deciSp + baseLH.slice(power);     // Insert "." at the correct place into LH base
if (baseLH.charAt(0) == deciSp) baseLH="0" + baseLH;                // If decSep at LH most? => add "0"

}
// Rremove leading and trailing 0's and Return the long number (with sign)
return sign + (baseLH + baseRH).replace(/^0*(\d+|\d+\.\d+?)\.?0*\$/,"\$1");
}

//============ test codes ==================
function test(test,input,should){
var  out=numberExponentToLarge(input);
var r = (out===should) ? true : false;
if (!r) console.log(test+" Failed: "+out+" should be: "+should);
else console.log("Passed");
}
// ------------- tests for e-notation numbers ---------------------

test(1,"123E0","123")
test(2,"123E0","123")
test(3,"-123e+0","-123")
test(4,"123e1","1230")
test(5,"123e3","123000")
test(6,"123e+3","123000")
test(7,"123E+7","1230000000")
test(8,"-123.456e+1","-1234.56")
test(9,"123.456e+4","1234560")
test(10,"123E-0","123")
test(11,"123.456e+50","12345600000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000")

test(12,"123e-0","123")
test(13,"123e-1","12.3")
test(14,"123e-3","0.123")
test(15,"-123e-7","-0.0000123")
test(16,"123.456E-1","12.3456")
test(17,"123.456e-4","0.0123456")
test(18,"123.456e-50","0.00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000123456")
test(18-1,"-123.456e-50","-0.00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000123456")

test(19,"1.e-5","0.00001")  // handle missing base fractional part
test(20,".123e3","123")     // handle missing base whole part

// The Electron's Mass:
test(21,"9.10938356e-31","0.000000000000000000000000000000910938356")
// The Earth's Mass:
test(22,"5.9724e+24","5972400000000000000000000")
// Planck constant:
test(23,"6.62607015e-34","0.000000000000000000000000000000000662607015")

test(24,"0.000e3","0")
test(25,"0.000000000000000e3","0")
test(26,"-0.0001e+9","-100000")
test(27,"-0.0e1","-0")
test(28,"-0.0000e1","-0")
test(28,"-000.0000e1","-0")    // this is an invalid Javascript number
test(28,"-000.0000e-1","-0")   // this is an invalid Javascript number
test(28,"-000.0000e+10","-0")  // this is an invalid Javascript number
test(28,"-000.0000e+2","-0")   // this is an invalid Javascript number

// ------------- testing for Non e-Notation Numbers -------------
test(29,"12345.7898","12345.7898") // no exponent
test(30,12345.7898,"12345.7898")   // no exponent
test(31,0.00000000000001,"0.00000000000001")    // from 1e-14
test(32,-0.0000000000000345,"-0.0000000000000345") // from -3.45e-14
test(33,-0,"0")
test(34,"1.2000e0","1.2")
test(35,"1.2000e-0","1.2")
test(35,"1.2000e+0","1.2")
test(35,"1.2000e+10","12000000000")``````

Use toFixed(number)

eg :

``````(+exponentialnumber).toFixed(8)

2e-7 ===> 0.00000020
``````