Get number of CPU cores in JavaScript?

Is there a way to determine the number of available CPU cores in JavaScript, so that you could adjust the number of web workers depending on that?

Answers:

Answer

Yes, navigator.hardwareConcurrency. Supported natively in Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Opera, and Webkit; supported in all browsers with a polyfill.

Answer

No, there isn't, unless you use some ActiveX.

Answer

Here's a fairly quick concurrency estimator I hacked together... it hasn't undergone much testing yet:

http://jsfiddle.net/Ma4YT/2/

Here's the code the workers run (since I have a jsfiddle link a sample is necessary):


// create worker concurrency estimation code as blob
var blobUrl = URL.createObjectURL(new Blob(['(',
  function() {
    self.addEventListener('message', function(e) {
      // run worker for 4 ms
      var st = Date.now();
      var et = st + 4;
      while(Date.now() < et);
      self.postMessage({st: st, et: et});
    });
  }.toString(),
')()'], {type: 'application/javascript'}));

The estimator has a large number of workers run for a short period of time (4ms) and report back the times that they ran (unfortunately, performance.now() is unavailable in Web Workers for more accurate timing). The main thread then checks to see the maximum number of workers that were running during the same time. This test is repeated a number of times to get a decent sample to produce an estimate with.

So the main idea is that, given a small enough chunk of work, workers should only be scheduled to run at the same time if there are enough cores to support that behavior. It's obviously just an estimate, but so far it's been reasonably accurate for a few machines I've tested -- which is good enough for my use case. The number of samples can be increased to get a more accurate approximation; I just use 10 because it's quick and I don't want to waste time estimating versus just getting the work done.

Answer

If you are going to do data crunching on your workers, navigator.hardwareConcurrency might not be good enough as it returns the number of logical cores in modern browsers, you could try to estimate the number of physical cores using WebCPU:

import {WebCPU} from 'webcpu';

WebCPU.detectCPU().then(result => {
    console.log(`Reported Cores: ${result.reportedCores}`);
    console.log(`Estimated Idle Cores: ${result.estimatedIdleCores}`);
    console.log(`Estimated Physical Cores: ${result.estimatedPhysicalCores}`);
});

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