Programmatically setting the name of a variable

Is there a shortcut for writing the following 100 assignments?

variable_1 = 1;
variable_2 = 2;
variable_3 = 3;

...

variable_100 = 100;

I have tried

for(var i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {
    variable_ + i = i;
}

but I get the error message "Invalid left-hand side in assignment". Any ideas?

Answers:

Answer

Here are a few methods:

Method 1: use eval

Here is the most direct method:

for(var i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {
  eval("var variable_" + i + " = " + i);
}
variable_1; // => 1

Disclaimer for the above method: I don't think this problem is a good candidate for using eval. If you do use eval, you should never allow user input to go into what you are evaling, or you could open your site to security risks. That mistake is the main reason people say eval is evil.

Method 2: use dynamically generated object properties

This is a much, much better way:

// If you want these variables to be global, then use `window` (if you're 
// in a browser) instead of your own object.
var obj = {};
for(var i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {
  obj["variable_" + i] = i;
}
obj.variable_1; // => 1

About the note in the comment about using window to create global variables: I would recommend against this, as it is a quick way to pollute your global scope and step on variables unwittingly.

Method 3: use an array

David suggested using an array. This is another great idea, and, depending on what you are trying to do, may be preferred:

var arr = [];
for(var i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {
  arr.push(i);
}
arr[0]; // => 1
Answer

This will do it:

for(var i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {
    eval("variable_" + i + " = " + i + ";");
}

eval is basically evil, but for such purpose it's OK to use it. (reference)

Live test case.

Answer

You are better off using an array

var variable = [];
for (var i=1; i <= 100; i++) {
  variable[i] = i;
}

Later, you can access the values using variable[1], variable[2] etc.

Answer

If it is like that why not to define array of the objects

var a = new Array();
for(i=0;i<100;i+=)
 a[i] = i;
Answer

Why not using an array instead like this?

<script language="javascript">
var arrayVar = new Array();

for (var i=0; i<100; i++) {
    arrayVar["variable_" + i] = i;
}
</script>
Answer

Use an array:

var variable = [];

for(var i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {
    variable[i] = i;
}

By way of analogy, you'd want to use an array instead of 100 variables for the same reason you'd want

<div class="variable"></div>
<div class="variable"></div>
<div class="variable"></div>
//and so on

instead of

<div id="variable_1"></div>
<div id="variable_2"></div>
<div id="variable_3"></div>
//and so on
<div id="variable_100"></div>

Invalid left-hand side in assignment

This error gets generated because variable_ + i is an expression. The interpreter thinks you are trying to add two variables instead of concatenating a variable name and a string. An expression cannot be on the left-hand side of an assignment operation.

Answer
for(var i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {
    window["variable_" + i] = i;
}

alert( variable_50 );

alert( variable_34 );
Answer

Assuming you're on a browser you can do:

global[variable] = 'hello'

console.log(variable) -> hello

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.