Get all Attributes from a HTML element with Javascript/jQuery

I want to put all attributes in a Html element into an array: like i have a jQuery Object, whichs html looks like this:

<span name="test" message="test2"></span>

now one way is to use the xml parser described here, but then i need to know how to get the html code of my object.

the other way is to make it with jquery, but how? the number of attributes and the names are generic.

Thanks

Btw: I can't access the element with document.getelementbyid or something similar.

Answers:

Answer

If you just want the DOM attributes, it's probably simpler to use the attributes node list on the element itself:

var el = document.getElementById("someId");
for (var i = 0, atts = el.attributes, n = atts.length, arr = []; i < n; i++){
    arr.push(atts[i].nodeName);
}

Note that this fills the array only with attribute names. If you need the attribute value, you can use the nodeValue property:

var nodes=[], values=[];
for (var att, i = 0, atts = el.attributes, n = atts.length; i < n; i++){
    att = atts[i];
    nodes.push(att.nodeName);
    values.push(att.nodeValue);
}
Answer

You can use this simple plugin as $('#some_id').getAttributes();

(function($) {
    $.fn.getAttributes = function() {
        var attributes = {}; 

        if( this.length ) {
            $.each( this[0].attributes, function( index, attr ) {
                attributes[ attr.name ] = attr.value;
            } ); 
        }

        return attributes;
    };
})(jQuery);
Answer

Simple:

var element = $("span[name='test']");
$(element[0].attributes).each(function() {
console.log(this.nodeName+':'+this.nodeValue);});
Answer

Because in IE7 elem.attributes lists all possible attributes, not only the present ones, we have to test the attribute value. This plugin works in all major browsers:

(function($) {
    $.fn.getAttributes = function () {
        var elem = this, 
            attr = {};

        if(elem && elem.length) $.each(elem.get(0).attributes, function(v,n) { 
            n = n.nodeName||n.name;
            v = elem.attr(n); // relay on $.fn.attr, it makes some filtering and checks
            if(v != undefined && v !== false) attr[n] = v
        })

        return attr
    }
})(jQuery);

Usage:

var attribs = $('#some_id').getAttributes();
Answer

Setter and Getter!

(function($) {
    // Attrs
    $.fn.attrs = function(attrs) {
        var t = $(this);
        if (attrs) {
            // Set attributes
            t.each(function(i, e) {
                var j = $(e);
                for (var attr in attrs) {
                    j.attr(attr, attrs[attr]);
                }
            });
            return t;
        } else {
            // Get attributes
            var a = {},
                r = t.get(0);
            if (r) {
                r = r.attributes;
                for (var i in r) {
                    var p = r[i];
                    if (typeof p.nodeValue !== 'undefined') a[p.nodeName] = p.nodeValue;
                }
            }
            return a;
        }
    };
})(jQuery);

Use:

// Setter
$('#element').attrs({
    'name' : 'newName',
    'id' : 'newId',
    'readonly': true
});

// Getter
var attrs = $('#element').attrs();
Answer

Use .slice to convert the attributes property to Array

The attributes property of DOM nodes is a NamedNodeMap, which is an Array-like object.

An Array-like object is an object which has a length property and whose property names are enumerated, but otherwise has its own methods and does not inherit from Array.prototype

The slice method can be used to convert Array-like objects to a new Array.

var elem  = document.querySelector('[name=test]'),
    attrs = Array.prototype.slice.call(elem.attributes);

console.log(attrs);
<span name="test" message="test2">See console.</span>

Answer

Roland Bouman's answer is the best, simple Vanilla way. I noticed some attempts at jQ plugs, but they just didn't seem "full" enough to me, so I made my own. The only setback so far has been inability to access dynamically added attrs without directly calling elm.attr('dynamicAttr'). However, this will return all natural attributes of a jQuery element object.

Plugin uses simple jQuery style calling:

$(elm).getAttrs();
// OR
$.getAttrs(elm);

You can also add a second string param for getting just one specific attr. This isn't really needed for one element selection, as jQuery already provides $(elm).attr('name'), however, my version of a plugin allows for multiple returns. So, for instance, a call like

$.getAttrs('*', 'class');

Will result in an array [] return of objects {}. Each object will look like:

{ class: 'classes names', elm: $(elm), index: i } // index is $(elm).index()

Plugin

;;(function($) {
    $.getAttrs || ($.extend({
        getAttrs: function() {
            var a = arguments,
                d, b;
            if (a.length)
                for (x in a) switch (typeof a[x]) {
                    case "object":
                        a[x] instanceof jQuery && (b = a[x]);
                        break;
                    case "string":
                        b ? d || (d = a[x]) : b = $(a[x])
                }
            if (b instanceof jQuery) {
                var e = [];
                if (1 == b.length) {
                    for (var f = 0, g = b[0].attributes, h = g.length; f < h; f++) a = g[f], e[a.name] = a.value;
                    b.data("attrList", e);
                    d && "all" != d && (e = b.attr(d))
                } else d && "all" != d ? b.each(function(a) {
                    a = {
                        elm: $(this),
                        index: $(this).index()
                    };
                    a[d] = $(this).attr(d);
                    e.push(a)
                }) : b.each(function(a) {
                    $elmRet = [];
                    for (var b = 0, d = this.attributes, f = d.length; b < f; b++) a = d[b], $elmRet[a.name] = a.value;
                    e.push({
                        elm: $(this),
                        index: $(this).index(),
                        attrs: $elmRet
                    });
                    $(this).data("attrList", e)
                });
                return e
            }
            return "Error: Cannot find Selector"
        }
    }), $.fn.extend({
        getAttrs: function() {
            var a = [$(this)];
            if (arguments.length)
                for (x in arguments) a.push(arguments[x]);
            return $.getAttrs.apply($, a)
        }
    }))
})(jQuery);

Complied

;;(function(c){c.getAttrs||(c.extend({getAttrs:function(){var a=arguments,d,b;if(a.length)for(x in a)switch(typeof a[x]){case "object":a[x]instanceof jQuery&&(b=a[x]);break;case "string":b?d||(d=a[x]):b=c(a[x])}if(b instanceof jQuery){if(1==b.length){for(var e=[],f=0,g=b[0].attributes,h=g.length;f<h;f++)a=g[f],e[a.name]=a.value;b.data("attrList",e);d&&"all"!=d&&(e=b.attr(d));for(x in e)e.length++}else e=[],d&&"all"!=d?b.each(function(a){a={elm:c(this),index:c(this).index()};a[d]=c(this).attr(d);e.push(a)}):b.each(function(a){$elmRet=[];for(var b=0,d=this.attributes,f=d.length;b<f;b++)a=d[b],$elmRet[a.name]=a.value;e.push({elm:c(this),index:c(this).index(),attrs:$elmRet});c(this).data("attrList",e);for(x in $elmRet)$elmRet.length++});return e}return"Error: Cannot find Selector"}}),c.fn.extend({getAttrs:function(){var a=[c(this)];if(arguments.length)for(x in arguments)a.push(arguments[x]);return c.getAttrs.apply(c,a)}}))})(jQuery);

jsFiddle

/*  BEGIN PLUGIN  */
;;(function($) {
	$.getAttrs || ($.extend({
		getAttrs: function() {
			var a = arguments,
				c, b;
			if (a.length)
				for (x in a) switch (typeof a[x]) {
					case "object":
						a[x] instanceof f && (b = a[x]);
						break;
					case "string":
						b ? c || (c = a[x]) : b = $(a[x])
				}
			if (b instanceof f) {
				if (1 == b.length) {
					for (var d = [], e = 0, g = b[0].attributes, h = g.length; e < h; e++) a = g[e], d[a.name] = a.value;
					b.data("attrList", d);
					c && "all" != c && (d = b.attr(c));
					for (x in d) d.length++
				} else d = [], c && "all" != c ? b.each(function(a) {
					a = {
						elm: $(this),
						index: $(this).index()
					};
					a[c] = $(this).attr(c);
					d.push(a)
				}) : b.each(function(a) {
					$elmRet = [];
					for (var b = 0, c = this.attributes, e = c.length; b < e; b++) a = c[b], $elmRet[a.name] = a.value;
					d.push({
						elm: $(this),
						index: $(this).index(),
						attrs: $elmRet
					});
					$(this).data("attrList", d);
					for (x in $elmRet) $elmRet.length++
				});
				return d
			}
			return "Error: Cannot find Selector"
		}
	}), $.fn.extend({
		getAttrs: function() {
			var a = [$(this)];
			if (arguments.length)
				for (x in arguments) a.push(arguments[x]);
			return $.getAttrs.apply($, a)
		}
	}))
})(jQuery);
/*  END PLUGIN  */
/*--------------------*/
$('#bob').attr('bob', 'bill');
console.log($('#bob'))
console.log(new Array(50).join(' -'));
console.log($('#bob').getAttrs('id'));
console.log(new Array(50).join(' -'));
console.log($.getAttrs('#bob'));
console.log(new Array(50).join(' -'));
console.log($.getAttrs('#bob', 'name'));
console.log(new Array(50).join(' -'));
console.log($.getAttrs('*', 'class'));
console.log(new Array(50).join(' -'));
console.log($.getAttrs('p'));
console.log(new Array(50).join(' -'));
console.log($('#bob').getAttrs('all'));
console.log($('*').getAttrs('all'));
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
All of below is just for stuff for plugin to test on. See developer console for more details.
<hr />
<div id="bob" class="wmd-button-bar"><ul id="wmd-button-row-27865269" class="wmd-button-row" style="display:none;">
<div class="post-text" itemprop="text">
<p>Roland Bouman's answer is the best, simple Vanilla way. I noticed some attempts at jQ plugs, but they just didn't seem "full" enough to me, so I made my own. The only setback so far has been inability to access dynamically added attrs without directly calling <code>elm.attr('dynamicAttr')</code>. However, this will return all natural attributes of a jQuery element object.</p>

<p>Plugin uses simple jQuery style calling:</p>

<pre class="default prettyprint prettyprinted"><code><span class="pln">$</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">elm</span><span class="pun">).</span><span class="pln">getAttrs</span><span class="pun">();</span><span class="pln">
</span><span class="com">// OR</span><span class="pln">
$</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">getAttrs</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">elm</span><span class="pun">);</span></code></pre>

<p>You can also add a second string param for getting just one specific attr. This isn't really needed for one element selection, as jQuery already provides <code>$(elm).attr('name')</code>, however, my version of a plugin allows for multiple returns. So, for instance, a call like</p>

<pre class="default prettyprint prettyprinted"><code><span class="pln">$</span><span class="pun">.</span><span class="pln">getAttrs</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="str">'*'</span><span class="pun">,</span><span class="pln"> </span><span class="str">'class'</span><span class="pun">);</span></code></pre>

<p>Will result in an array <code>[]</code> return of objects <code>{}</code>. Each object will look like:</p>

<pre class="default prettyprint prettyprinted"><code><span class="pun">{</span><span class="pln"> </span><span class="kwd">class</span><span class="pun">:</span><span class="pln"> </span><span class="str">'classes names'</span><span class="pun">,</span><span class="pln"> elm</span><span class="pun">:</span><span class="pln"> $</span><span class="pun">(</span><span class="pln">elm</span><span class="pun">),</span><span class="pln"> index</span><span class="pun">:</span><span class="pln"> i </span><span class="pun">}</span><span class="pln"> </span><span class="com">// index is $(elm).index()</span></code></pre>
    </div>
  </div>

Answer

This approach works well if you need to get all the attributes with name and value in objects returned in an array.

Example output:

[
    {
        name: 'message',
        value: 'test2'
    }
    ...
]

function getElementAttrs(el) {
  return [].slice.call(el.attributes).map((attr) => {
    return {
      name: attr.name,
      value: attr.value
    }
  });
}

var allAttrs = getElementAttrs(document.querySelector('span'));
console.log(allAttrs);
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>

If you want only an array of attribute names for that element, you can just map the results:

var onlyAttrNames = allAttrs.map(attr => attr.name);
console.log(onlyAttrNames); // ["name", "message"]
Answer

Much more concise ways to do it:

Old way (IE9+):

var element = document.querySelector(/* … */);
[].slice.call(element.attributes).map(function (attr) { return attr.nodeName; });

ES6 way (Edge 12+):

[...document.querySelector(/* … */).attributes].map(attr => attr.nodeName);

Demo:

console.log(
  [...document.querySelector('img').attributes].map(attr => attr.nodeName)
);
/* Output console formatting */
.as-console-wrapper { position: absolute; top: 0; }
<img src="…" alt="…" height="…" width="…"/>

Answer

Does this help?

This property returns all the attributes of an element into an array for you. Here is an example.

window.addEventListener('load', function() {
  var result = document.getElementById('result');
  var spanAttributes = document.getElementsByTagName('span')[0].attributes;
  for (var i = 0; i != spanAttributes.length; i++) {
    result.innerHTML += spanAttributes[i].value + ',';
  }
});
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<div id="result"></div>

To get the attributes of many elements and organize them, I suggest making an array of all the elements that you want to loop through and then create a sub array for all the attributes of each element looped through.

This is an example of a script that will loop through the collected elements and print out two attributes. This script assumes that there will always be two attributes but you can easily fix this with further mapping.

window.addEventListener('load',function(){
  /*
  collect all the elements you want the attributes
  for into the variable "elementsToTrack"
  */ 
  var elementsToTrack = $('body span, body div');
  //variable to store all attributes for each element
  var attributes = [];
  //gather all attributes of selected elements
  for(var i = 0; i != elementsToTrack.length; i++){
    var currentAttr = elementsToTrack[i].attributes;
    attributes.push(currentAttr);
  }
  
  //print out all the attrbute names and values
  var result = document.getElementById('result');
  for(var i = 0; i != attributes.length; i++){
    result.innerHTML += attributes[i][0].name + ', ' + attributes[i][0].value + ' | ' + attributes[i][1].name + ', ' + attributes[i][1].value +'<br>';  
  }
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<span name="test" message="test2"></span>
<div name="test" message="test2"></div>
<div name="test" message="test2"></div>
<div name="test" message="test2"></div>
<div name="test" message="test2"></div>
<div id="result"></div>

Answer

Imagine you've got an HTML element like below:

<a class="toc-item"
   href="/books/n/ukhta2333/s5/"
   id="book-link-29"
>
   Chapter 5. Conclusions and recommendations
</a>

One way you can get all attributes of it is to convert them into an array:

const el = document.getElementById("book-link-29")
const attrArray = Array.from(el.attributes)

// Now you can iterate all the attributes and do whatever you need.
const attributes = attrArray.reduce((attrs, attr) => {
    attrs !== '' && (attrs += ' ')
    attrs += `${attr.nodeName}="${attr.nodeValue}"`
    return attrs
}, '')
console.log(attributes)

And below is the string that what you'll get (from the example), which includes all attributes:

class="toc-item" href="/books/n/ukhta2333/s5/" id="book-link-29"
Answer

Every answer here is missing the simplest solution using the getAttributeNames element method!

It retrieves the names of all the element's current attributes as a regular Array, that you can then reduce to a nice object of keys/values.

const getAllAttributes = el => el
  .getAttributeNames()
  .reduce((obj, name) => ({
    ...obj,
    [name]: el.getAttribute(name)
  }), {})

console.log(getAllAttributes(document.querySelector('div')))
<div title="hello" className="foo" data-foo="bar"></div>

Answer

Try something like this

    <div id=foo [href]="url" class (click)="alert('hello')" data-hello=world></div>

and then get all attributes

    const foo = document.getElementById('foo');
    // or if you have a jQuery object
    // const foo = $('#foo')[0];

    function getAttributes(el) {
        const attrObj = {};
        if(!el.hasAttributes()) return attrObj;
        for (const attr of el.attributes)
            attrObj[attr.name] = attr.value;
        return attrObj
    }

    // {"id":"foo","[href]":"url","class":"","(click)":"alert('hello')","data-hello":"world"}
    console.log(getAttributes(foo));

for array of attributes use

    // ["id","[href]","class","(click)","data-hello"]
    Object.keys(getAttributes(foo))
Answer
Element.prototype.getA = function (a) {
        if (a) {
            return this.getAttribute(a);
        } else {
            var o = {};
            for(let a of this.attributes){
                o[a.name]=a.value;
            }
            return o;
        }
    }

having <div id="mydiv" a='1' b='2'>...</div> can use

mydiv.getA() // {id:"mydiv",a:'1',b:'2'}
Answer

Very simple. You just need to loop over the attributes element and push their nodeValues into an array:

let att = document.getElementById('id');

let arr = Array();

for (let i = 0; i < att.attributes.length; i++) {
    arr.push(att.attributes[i].nodeValue);
}

If want the name of the attribute you can replace 'nodeValue' for 'nodeName'.

let att = document.getElementById('id');

let arr = Array();

for (let i = 0; i < att.attributes.length; i++) {
    arr.push(att.attributes[i].nodeName);
}
Answer

In javascript:

var attributes;
var spans = document.getElementsByTagName("span");
for(var s in spans){
  if (spans[s].getAttribute('name') === 'test') {
     attributes = spans[s].attributes;
     break;
  }
}

To access the attributes names and values:

attributes[0].nodeName
attributes[0].nodeValue
Answer

Attributes to Object conversion

*Requires: lodash

function getAttributes(element, parseJson=false){
    let results = {}
    for (let i = 0, n = element.attributes.length; i < n; i++){
        let key = element.attributes[i].nodeName.replace('-', '.')
        let value = element.attributes[i].nodeValue
        if(parseJson){
            try{
                if(_.isString(value))
                value = JSON.parse(value)
            } catch(e) {}
        }
        _.set(results, key, value)
    }
    return results
}

This will convert all html attributes to a nested object

Example HTML: <div custom-nested-path1="value1" custom-nested-path2="value2"></div>

Result: {custom:{nested:{path1:"value1",path2:"value2"}}}

If parseJson is set to true json values will be converted to objects

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