Detect IE version (prior to v9) in JavaScript

I want to bounce users of our web site to an error page if they're using a version of Internet Explorer prior to v9. It's just not worth our time and money to support IE pre-v9. Users of all other non-IE browsers are fine and shouldn't be bounced. Here's the proposed code:

if(navigator.appName.indexOf("Internet Explorer")!=-1){     //yeah, he's using IE
    var badBrowser=(
        navigator.appVersion.indexOf("MSIE 9")==-1 &&   //v9 is ok
        navigator.appVersion.indexOf("MSIE 1")==-1  //v10, 11, 12, etc. is fine too
    );

    if(badBrowser){
        // navigate to error page
    }
}

Will this code do the trick?

To head off a few comments that will probably be coming my way:

  1. Yes, I know that users can forge their useragent string. I'm not concerned.
  2. Yes, I know that programming pros prefer sniffing out feature-support instead of browser-type but I don't feel this approach makes sense in this case. I already know that all (relevant) non-IE browsers support the features that I need and that all pre-v9 IE browsers don't. Checking feature by feature throughout the site would be a waste.
  3. Yes, I know that someone trying to access the site using IE v1 (or >= 20) wouldn't get 'badBrowser' set to true and the warning page wouldn't be displayed properly. That's a risk we're willing to take.
  4. Yes, I know that Microsoft has "conditional comments" that can be used for precise browser version detection. IE no longer supports conditional comments as of IE 10, rendering this approach absolutely useless.

Any other obvious issues to be aware of?

Answers:

Answer

This is my preferred way of doing it. It gives maximum control. (Note: Conditional statements are only supported in IE5 - 9.)

First set up your ie classes correctly

<!DOCTYPE html>
<!--[if lt IE 7]> <html class="lt-ie9 lt-ie8 lt-ie7"> <![endif]-->
<!--[if IE 7]>    <html class="lt-ie9 lt-ie8"> <![endif]-->
<!--[if IE 8]>    <html class="lt-ie9"> <![endif]-->
<!--[if gt IE 8]><!--> <html> <!--<![endif]-->    
<head>

Then you can just use CSS to make style exceptions, or, if you require, you can add some simple JavaScript:

(function ($) {
    "use strict";

    // Detecting IE
    var oldIE;
    if ($('html').is('.lt-ie7, .lt-ie8, .lt-ie9')) {
        oldIE = true;
    }

    if (oldIE) {
        // Here's your JS for IE..
    } else {
        // ..And here's the full-fat code for everyone else
    }

}(jQuery));

Thanks to Paul Irish.

Answer

Return IE version or if not IE return false

function isIE () {
  var myNav = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase();
  return (myNav.indexOf('msie') != -1) ? parseInt(myNav.split('msie')[1]) : false;
}

Example:

if (isIE () == 8) {
 // IE8 code
} else {
 // Other versions IE or not IE
}

or

if (isIE () && isIE () < 9) {
 // is IE version less than 9
} else {
 // is IE 9 and later or not IE
}

or

if (isIE()) {
 // is IE
} else {
 // Other browser
}
Answer

If nobody else has added an addEventLister-method and you're using the correct browser mode then you could check for IE 8 or less with

if (window.attachEvent && !window.addEventListener) {
    // "bad" IE
}

Legacy Internet Explorer and attachEvent (MDN)

Answer

Use conditional comments. You're trying to detect users of IE < 9 and conditional comments will work in those browsers; in other browsers (IE >= 10 and non-IE), the comments will be treated as normal HTML comments, which is what they are.

Example HTML:

<!--[if lt IE 9]>
WE DON'T LIKE YOUR BROWSER
<![endif]-->

You can also do this purely with script, if you need:

var div = document.createElement("div");
div.innerHTML = "<!--[if lt IE 9]><i></i><![endif]-->";
var isIeLessThan9 = (div.getElementsByTagName("i").length == 1);
if (isIeLessThan9) {
    alert("WE DON'T LIKE YOUR BROWSER");
}
Answer

To detect MSIE (v6 - v7 - v8 - v9 - v10 - v11) easily :

if (navigator.userAgent.indexOf('MSIE') !== -1 || navigator.appVersion.indexOf('Trident/') > 0) {
   // MSIE
}
Answer

Here is the way AngularJS checks for IE

/**
 * documentMode is an IE-only property
 * http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/cc196988(v=vs.85).aspx
 */
var msie = document.documentMode;

if (msie < 9) {
    // code for IE < 9
}
Answer

To reliably filter IE8 and older, checking global objects can be used:

if (document.all && !document.addEventListener) {
    alert('IE8 or lower');
}
Answer

Detecting IE version using feature detection (IE6+, browsers prior to IE6 are detected as 6, returns null for non-IE browsers):

var ie = (function (){
    if (window.ActiveXObject === undefined) return null; //Not IE
    if (!window.XMLHttpRequest) return 6;
    if (!document.querySelector) return 7;
    if (!document.addEventListener) return 8;
    if (!window.atob) return 9;
    if (!document.__proto__) return 10;
    return 11;
})();

Edit: I've created a bower/npm repo for your convenience: ie-version

Update:

a more compact version can be written in one line as:

return window.ActiveXObject === undefined ? null : !window.XMLHttpRequest ? 6 : !document.querySelector ? 7 : !document.addEventListener ? 8 : !window.atob ? 9 : !document.__proto__ ? 10 : 11;
Answer

This function will return the IE major version number as an integer, or undefined if the browser isn't Internet Explorer. This, like all user agent solutions, is suceptible to user agent spoofing (which has been an official feature of IE since version 8).

function getIEVersion() {
    var match = navigator.userAgent.match(/(?:MSIE |Trident\/.*; rv:)(\d+)/);
    return match ? parseInt(match[1]) : undefined;
}
Answer

Detect IE in JS using conditional comments

// ----------------------------------------------------------
// A short snippet for detecting versions of IE in JavaScript
// without resorting to user-agent sniffing
// ----------------------------------------------------------
// If you're not in IE (or IE version is less than 5) then:
//     ie === undefined
// If you're in IE (>=5) then you can determine which version:
//     ie === 7; // IE7
// Thus, to detect IE:
//     if (ie) {}
// And to detect the version:
//     ie === 6 // IE6
//     ie > 7 // IE8, IE9 ...
//     ie < 9 // Anything less than IE9
// ----------------------------------------------------------

// UPDATE: Now using Live NodeList idea from @jdalton

var ie = (function(){

    var undef,
        v = 3,
        div = document.createElement('div'),
        all = div.getElementsByTagName('i');

    while (
        div.innerHTML = '<!--[if gt IE ' + (++v) + ']><i></i><![endif]-->',
        all[0]
    );

    return v > 4 ? v : undef;

}());
Answer

This works for me. I use it as a redirect to a page that explains why we don't like < IE9 and provide links to browsers we prefer.

<!--[if lt IE 9]>
<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;URL=http://google.com">
<![endif]-->
Answer

Your code can do the check, but as you thought, if someone try to access your page using IE v1 or > v19 will not get the error, so might be more safely do the check with Regex expression like this code below:

var userAgent = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase();
// Test if the browser is IE and check the version number is lower than 9
if (/msie/.test(userAgent) && 
    parseFloat((userAgent.match(/.*(?:rv|ie)[\/: ](.+?)([ \);]|$)/) || [])[1]) < 9) {
  // Navigate to error page
}
Answer

Conditional comments are no longer supported in IE as of Version 10 as noted on the Microsoft reference page.

var ieDetector = function() {
  var browser = { // browser object

      verIE: null,
      docModeIE: null,
      verIEtrue: null,
      verIE_ua: null

    },
    tmp;

  tmp = document.documentMode;
  try {
    document.documentMode = "";
  } catch (e) {};

  browser.isIE = typeof document.documentMode == "number" || eval("/*@[email protected]*/!1");
  try {
    document.documentMode = tmp;
  } catch (e) {};

  // We only let IE run this code.
  if (browser.isIE) {
    browser.verIE_ua =
      (/^(?:.*?[^a-zA-Z])??(?:MSIE|rv\s*\:)\s*(\d+\.?\d*)/i).test(navigator.userAgent || "") ?
      parseFloat(RegExp.$1, 10) : null;

    var e, verTrueFloat, x,
      obj = document.createElement("div"),

      CLASSID = [
        "{45EA75A0-A269-11D1-B5BF-0000F8051515}", // Internet Explorer Help
        "{3AF36230-A269-11D1-B5BF-0000F8051515}", // Offline Browsing Pack
        "{89820200-ECBD-11CF-8B85-00AA005B4383}"
      ];

    try {
      obj.style.behavior = "url(#default#clientcaps)"
    } catch (e) {};

    for (x = 0; x < CLASSID.length; x++) {
      try {
        browser.verIEtrue = obj.getComponentVersion(CLASSID[x], "componentid").replace(/,/g, ".");
      } catch (e) {};

      if (browser.verIEtrue) break;

    };
    verTrueFloat = parseFloat(browser.verIEtrue || "0", 10);
    browser.docModeIE = document.documentMode ||
      ((/back/i).test(document.compatMode || "") ? 5 : verTrueFloat) ||
      browser.verIE_ua;
    browser.verIE = verTrueFloat || browser.docModeIE;
  };

  return {
    isIE: browser.isIE,
    Version: browser.verIE
  };

}();

document.write('isIE: ' + ieDetector.isIE + "<br />");
document.write('IE Version Number: ' + ieDetector.Version);

then use:

if((ieDetector.isIE) && (ieDetector.Version <= 9))
{

}
Answer

For ie 10 and 11:

You can use js and add a class in html to maintain the standard of conditional comments:

  var ua = navigator.userAgent,
      doc = document.documentElement;

  if ((ua.match(/MSIE 10.0/i))) {
    doc.className = doc.className + " ie10";

  } else if((ua.match(/rv:11.0/i))){
    doc.className = doc.className + " ie11";
  }

Or use a lib like bowser:

https://github.com/ded/bowser

Or modernizr for feature detection:

http://modernizr.com/

Answer

To detect Internet Explorer 10|11 you can use this little script immediatelly after body tag:

In my case i use jQuery library loaded in head.

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
    <script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.0.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <script>if (navigator.appVersion.indexOf('Trident/') != -1) $("body").addClass("ie10");</script>
</body>
</html>
Answer

This has been answered to death, but this is all you need.

!!navigator.userAgent.match(/msie\s[5-8]/i)
Answer
var Browser = new function () {
    var self = this;
    var nav = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase();
    if (nav.indexOf('msie') != -1) {
        self.ie = {
            version: toFloat(nav.split('msie')[1])
        };
    };
};


if(Browser.ie && Browser.ie.version > 9)
{
    // do something
}
Answer

According to Microsoft, following is the best solution, it is also very simple:

function getInternetExplorerVersion()
// Returns the version of Internet Explorer or a -1
// (indicating the use of another browser).
{
    var rv = -1; // Return value assumes failure.
    if (navigator.appName == 'Microsoft Internet Explorer')
    {
        var ua = navigator.userAgent;
        var re  = new RegExp("MSIE ([0-9]{1,}[\.0-9]{0,})");
        if (re.exec(ua) != null)
            rv = parseFloat( RegExp.$1 );
    }
    return rv;
}

function checkVersion()
{
    var msg = "You're not using Internet Explorer.";
    var ver = getInternetExplorerVersion();

    if ( ver > -1 )
    {
        if ( ver >= 8.0 ) 
            msg = "You're using a recent copy of Internet Explorer."
        else
            msg = "You should upgrade your copy of Internet Explorer.";
      }
    alert( msg );
}
Answer

I'm going to recommend not rewriting this code for the umpteenth time. I would recommend you use the Conditionizr library (http://conditionizr.com/) which is capable of testing for specific IE versions as well as other browsers, operating systems, and even the presence or absence of Retina displays.

Include the code for only the specific tests you need and you also gain the benefit of a tested library which has been through many iterations (and which would be easy to upgrade without breaking your code).

It also meshes nicely with Modernizr which can handle all of those cases where you are better off testing for a specific capability rather than a specific browser.

Answer

I do like that:

<script>
   function isIE () {
       var myNav = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase();
       return (myNav.indexOf('msie') != -1) ? parseInt(myNav.split('msie')[1]) : false;
   }    
   var ua = window.navigator.userAgent;
   //Internet Explorer | if | 9-11

   if (isIE () == 9) {
       alert("Shut down this junk! | IE 9");
   } else if (isIE () == 10){
       alert("Shut down this junk! | IE 10");
   } else if (ua.indexOf("Trident/7.0") > 0) {
       alert("Shut down this junk! | IE 11");
   }else{
       alert("Thank god it's not IE!");
   }

</script>
Answer

This approach to detecting IE combines the strengths and avoids the weaknesses of jKey's answer using conditional comments and Owen's answer using user agents.

  • jKey's approach works up to version 9 and immune to user agent spoofing in IE 8 & 9.
  • Owen's approach can fail on IE 5 & 6 (reporting 7) and is susceptible to UA spoofing, but it can detect IE versions >= 10 (now also including 12, which postdates Owen's answer).

    // ----------------------------------------------------------
    // A short snippet for detecting versions of IE
    // ----------------------------------------------------------
    // If you're not in IE (or IE version is less than 5) then:
    //     ie === undefined
    // Thus, to detect IE:
    //     if (ie) {}
    // And to detect the version:
    //     ie === 6 // IE6
    //     ie > 7 // IE8, IE9 ...
    // ----------------------------------------------------------
    var ie = (function(){
        var v = 3,
            div = document.createElement('div'),
            all = div.getElementsByTagName('i');
    
        while (
            div.innerHTML = '<!--[if gt IE ' + (++v) + ']><i></i><![endif]-->',
            all[0]
        );
        if (v <= 4) { // Check for IE>9 using user agent
            var match = navigator.userAgent.match(/(?:MSIE |Trident\/.*; rv:|Edge\/)(\d+)/);
            v = match ? parseInt(match[1]) : undefined;
        }
        return v;
    }());
    

This can be used to set useful classes to your document containing the IE version:

    if (ie) {
        document.documentElement.className += ' ie' + ie;
        if (ie < 9)
            document.documentElement.className += ' ieLT9';
    }

Note that it detects the compatibility mode being used, if IE is in compatability mode. Also note that IE version is mostly useful for older versions (<10); higher versions are more standards-compliant and it's probably better to instead check for features using something like modernizr.js.

Answer

I made a convenient underscore mixin for this.

_.isIE();        // Any version of IE?
_.isIE(9);       // IE 9?
_.isIE([7,8,9]); // IE 7, 8 or 9?

_.mixin({
  isIE: function(mixed) {
    if (_.isUndefined(mixed)) {
      mixed = [7, 8, 9, 10, 11];
    } else if (_.isNumber(mixed)) {
      mixed = [mixed];
    }
    for (var j = 0; j < mixed.length; j++) {
      var re;
      switch (mixed[j]) {
        case 11:
          re = /Trident.*rv\:11\./g;
          break;
        case 10:
          re = /MSIE\s10\./g;
          break;
        case 9:
          re = /MSIE\s9\./g;
          break;
        case 8:
          re = /MSIE\s8\./g;
          break;
        case 7:
          re = /MSIE\s7\./g;
          break;
      }

      if (!!window.navigator.userAgent.match(re)) {
        return true;
      }
    }

    return false;
  }
});

console.log(_.isIE());
console.log(_.isIE([7, 8, 9]));
console.log(_.isIE(11));
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.8.3/underscore-min.js"></script>

Answer

or simply

//   IE 10: ua = 'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.2; Trident/6.0)'; 
//   IE 11: ua = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Trident/7.0; rv:11.0) like Gecko'; 
// Edge 12: ua = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/39.0.2171.71 Safari/537.36 Edge/12.0'; 
// Edge 13: ua = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/46.0.2486.0 Safari/537.36 Edge/13.10586'; 

var isIE = navigator.userAgent.match(/MSIE|Trident|Edge/)
var IEVersion = ((navigator.userAgent.match(/(?:MSIE |Trident.*rv:|Edge\/)(\d+(\.\d+)?)/)) || []) [1]
Answer

The most comprehensive JS script I found to check for versions of IE is http://www.pinlady.net/PluginDetect/IE/. The entire library is at http://www.pinlady.net/PluginDetect/Browsers/.

With IE10, conditional statements are no longer supported.

With IE11, the user agent no longer contains MSIE. Also, using the user agent is not reliable because that can be modified.

Using the PluginDetect JS script, you can detect for IE and detect the exact versions by using very specific and well-crafted code that targets specific IE versions. This is very useful when you care exactly what version of browser you are working with.

Answer

I realise I am a little late to the party here, but I had been checking out a simple one line way to provide feedback on whether a browser is IE and what version from 10 down it was. I haven't coded this for version 11, so perhaps a little amendment will be needed for that.

However this is the code, it works as an object that has a property and a method and relies on object detection rather than scraping the navigator object (which is massively flawed as it can be spoofed).

var isIE = { browser:/*@[email protected]*/false, detectedVersion: function () { return (typeof window.atob !== "undefined") ? 10 : (typeof document.addEventListener !== "undefined") ? 9 : (typeof document.querySelector !== "undefined") ? 8 : (typeof window.XMLHttpRequest !== "undefined") ? 7 : (typeof document.compatMode !== "undefined") ? 6 : 5; } };

The usage is isIE.browser a property that returns a boolean and relies on conditional comments the method isIE.detectedVersion() which returns a number between 5 and 10. I am making the assumption that anything lower than 6 and you are in serious old school territory and you will something more beefy than a one liner and anything higher than 10 and you are in to newer territory. I have read something about IE11 not supporting conditional comments but I've not fully investigated, that is maybe for a later date.

Anyway, as it is, and for a one liner, it will cover the basics of IE browser and version detection. It's far from perfect, but it is small and easily amended.

Just for reference, and if anyone is in any doubt on how to actually implement this then the following conditional should help.

var isIE = { browser:/*@[email protected]*/false, detectedVersion: function () { return (typeof window.atob !== "undefined") ? 10 : (typeof document.addEventListener !== "undefined") ? 9 : (typeof document.querySelector !== "undefined") ? 8 : (typeof window.XMLHttpRequest !== "undefined") ? 7 : (typeof document.compatMode !== "undefined") ? 6 : 5; } };

/* testing IE */

if (isIE.browser) {
  alert("This is an IE browser, with a detected version of : " + isIE.detectedVersion());
}
Answer

Detecting IE and its versions couldn't be easier, and all you need is a bit of native/vanilla Javascript:

var uA = navigator.userAgent;
var browser = null;
var ieVersion = null;

if (uA.indexOf('MSIE 6') >= 0) {
    browser = 'IE';
    ieVersion = 6;
}
if (uA.indexOf('MSIE 7') >= 0) {
    browser = 'IE';
    ieVersion = 7;
}
if (document.documentMode) { // as of IE8
    browser = 'IE';
    ieVersion = document.documentMode;
}

And this is a way to use it:

if (browser == 'IE' && ieVersion <= 9) 
    document.documentElement.className += ' ie9-';

.

Works in all IE versions, including higher versions in lower Compatability View/Mode, and documentMode is IE proprietary.

Answer

If you need to delect IE Browser version then you can follow below code. This code working well for version IE6 to IE11

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>Click on Try button to check IE Browser version.</p>

<button onclick="getInternetExplorerVersion()">Try it</button>

<p id="demo"></p>

<script>
function getInternetExplorerVersion() {
   var ua = window.navigator.userAgent;
        var msie = ua.indexOf("MSIE ");
        var rv = -1;

        if (msie > 0 || !!navigator.userAgent.match(/Trident.*rv\:11\./))      // If Internet Explorer, return version number
        {               
            if (isNaN(parseInt(ua.substring(msie + 5, ua.indexOf(".", msie))))) {
                //For IE 11 >
                if (navigator.appName == 'Netscape') {
                    var ua = navigator.userAgent;
                    var re = new RegExp("Trident/.*rv:([0-9]{1,}[\.0-9]{0,})");
                    if (re.exec(ua) != null) {
                        rv = parseFloat(RegExp.$1);
                        alert(rv);
                    }
                }
                else {
                    alert('otherbrowser');
                }
            }
            else {
                //For < IE11
                alert(parseInt(ua.substring(msie + 5, ua.indexOf(".", msie))));
            }
            return false;
        }}
</script>

</body>
</html>
Answer

Window runs IE10 will be auto update to IE11+ and will be standardized W3C

Nowaday, we don't need to support IE8-

    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <!--[if lt IE 9]><html class="ie ie8"><![endif]-->
    <!--[if IE 9]><html class="ie ie9"><![endif]-->
    <!--[if (gt IE 9)|!(IE)]><!--><html><!--<![endif]-->
    <head>
        ...
        <!--[if lt IE 8]><meta http-equiv="Refresh" content="0;url=/error-browser.html"><![endif]--
        ...
    </head>
Answer
var isIE9OrBelow = function()
{
   return /MSIE\s/.test(navigator.userAgent) && parseFloat(navigator.appVersion.split("MSIE")[1]) < 10;
}
Answer
if (!document.addEventListener) {
    // ie8
} else if (!window.btoa) {
    // ie9
}
// others

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