Unexpected token m in JSON at position 0 error

On compiling an app and trying to implement the i18n library with webpack, I face this error:

ERROR in ./node_modules/bundle-loader?lazy&name=lang-pt!./src/locales/pt/translation.json
Module parse failed: Unexpected token m in JSON at position 0
You may need an appropriate loader to handle this file type.
SyntaxError: Unexpected token m in JSON at position 0
    at JSON.parse (<anonymous>)
    at JsonParser.parse (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\webpack\lib\JsonParser.js:15:21)
    at doBuild.err (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModule.js:367:32)
    at runLoaders (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModule.js:264:12)
    at C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\LoaderRunner.js:370:3
    at iterateNormalLoaders (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\LoaderRunner.js:211:10)
    at C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\LoaderRunner.js:183:6
    at runSyncOrAsync (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\LoaderRunner.js:130:11)
    at C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\LoaderRunner.js:175:3
    at loadLoader (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\loadLoader.js:36:3)
    at iteratePitchingLoaders (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\LoaderRunner.js:169:2)
    at runLoaders (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\loader-runner\lib\LoaderRunner.js:362:2)
    at NormalModule.doBuild (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModule.js:219:3)
    at NormalModule.build (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModule.js:337:15)
    at Compilation.buildModule (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\webpack\lib\Compilation.js:346:10)
    at factory.create (C:\Users\vasco.bento\ContactosWebPack\node_modules\webpack\lib\Compilation.js:572:15)
 @ ./node_modules/aurelia-i18n/dist/native-modules/aurelia-i18n.js
 @ ./src/main.js
 @ ./node_modules/aurelia-webpack-plugin/runtime/empty-entry.js
 @ multi aurelia-webpack-plugin/runtime/empty-entry aurelia-webpack-plugin/runtime/pal-loader-entry aurelia-bootstrapper

ERROR in chunk app [entry]
Cannot read property 'replace' of undefined

This repeats for the other language I have in the locales folder, which is correctly placed in the src folder, even if the JSON files are completely empty, the same error occurs.

Here's the webconfig.js file:

const path = require('path');
const HtmlWebpackPlugin = require('html-webpack-plugin');
const CopyWebpackPlugin = require('copy-webpack-plugin');
const ExtractTextPlugin = require('extract-text-webpack-plugin');
const project = require('./aurelia_project/aurelia.json');
const {
} = require('aurelia-webpack-plugin');
const {
} = require('webpack');
const {
} = require('webpack-bundle-analyzer');

// config helpers:
const ensureArray = (config) => config && (Array.isArray(config) ? config : [config]) || [];
const when = (condition, config, negativeConfig) =>
    condition ? ensureArray(config) : ensureArray(negativeConfig);

// primary config:
const title = 'Aurelia Navigation Skeleton';
const outDir = path.resolve(__dirname, project.platform.output);
const srcDir = path.resolve(__dirname, 'src');
const nodeModulesDir = path.resolve(__dirname, 'node_modules');
const baseUrl = '/';

const cssRules = [{
    loader: 'css-loader'

module.exports = ({
} = {}) => ({
    resolve: {
        extensions: ['.js'],
        modules: [srcDir, 'node_modules']
    entry: {
        app: ['aurelia-bootstrapper'],
        vendor: ['bluebird']
    mode: production ? 'production' : 'development',
    output: {
        path: outDir,
        publicPath: baseUrl,
        filename: production ? '[name].[chunkhash].bundle.js' : '[name].[hash].bundle.js',
        sourceMapFilename: production ? '[name].[chunkhash].bundle.map' : '[name].[hash].bundle.map',
        chunkFilename: production ? '[name].[chunkhash].chunk.js' : '[name].[hash].chunk.js'
    performance: {
        hints: false
    devServer: {
        contentBase: outDir,
        // serve index.html for all 404 (required for push-state)
        historyApiFallback: true
    devtool: production ? 'nosources-source-map' : 'cheap-module-eval-source-map',
    module: {
        rules: [
            // CSS required in JS/TS files should use the style-loader that auto-injects it into the website
            // only when the issuer is a .js/.ts file, so the loaders are not applied inside html templates
                test: /\.css$/i,
                issuer: [{
                    not: [{
                        test: /\.html$/i
                use: extractCss ? ExtractTextPlugin.extract({
                    fallback: 'style-loader',
                    use: cssRules
                }) : ['style-loader', ...cssRules]
                test: /\.css$/i,
                issuer: [{
                    test: /\.html$/i
                // CSS required in templates cannot be extracted safely
                // because Aurelia would try to require it again in runtime
                use: cssRules
                test: /\.html$/i,
                loader: 'html-loader'
                test: /\.js$/i,
                loader: 'babel-loader',
                exclude: nodeModulesDir,
                options: coverage ? {
                    sourceMap: 'inline',
                    plugins: ['istanbul']
                } : {}
                test: /\.json$/i,
                loader: 'json-loader'
            // use Bluebird as the global Promise implementation:
                test: /[\/\\]node_modules[\/\\]bluebird[\/\\].+\.js$/,
                loader: 'expose-loader?Promise'
            // embed small images and fonts as Data Urls and larger ones as files:
                test: /\.(png|gif|jpg|cur)$/i,
                loader: 'url-loader',
                options: {
                    limit: 8192
                test: /\.woff2(\?v=[0-9]\.[0-9]\.[0-9])?$/i,
                loader: 'url-loader',
                options: {
                    limit: 10000,
                    mimetype: 'application/font-woff2'
                test: /\.woff(\?v=[0-9]\.[0-9]\.[0-9])?$/i,
                loader: 'url-loader',
                options: {
                    limit: 10000,
                    mimetype: 'application/font-woff'
            // load these fonts normally, as files:
                test: /\.(ttf|eot|svg|otf)(\?v=[0-9]\.[0-9]\.[0-9])?$/i,
                loader: 'file-loader'
    plugins: [
        new AureliaPlugin(),
        new ProvidePlugin({
            'Promise': 'bluebird'
        new ModuleDependenciesPlugin({
            'aurelia-testing': ['./compile-spy', './view-spy'],
            'aurelia-i18n': [{
                name: 'locales/en/translation.json',
                chunk: 'lang-en'
            }, {
                name: 'locales/pt/translation.json',
                chunk: 'lang-pt'
        new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
            template: 'index.ejs',
            minify: production ? {
                removeComments: true,
                collapseWhitespace: true
            } : undefined,
            metadata: {
                // available in index.ejs //
        ...when(extractCss, new ExtractTextPlugin({
            filename: production ? '[contenthash].css' : '[id].css',
            allChunks: true
        ...when(production, new CopyWebpackPlugin([{
            from: 'static/favicon.ico',
            to: 'favicon.ico'
        ...when(analyze, new BundleAnalyzerPlugin())

The issue in the above code happens at

                test: /\.json$/i,
                loader: 'json-loader'

Which if you comment, lets the app compile without issues, I've searched but event though I've found similar problems to this one, I haven't found a working solution, if anyone has any suggestion in how I can solve this problem I would appreciate it.

Thanks in advance.



The reason it says unexpected token m is because the json-loader transforms your json into a javascript file which starts with module.exports = ...

Of course that is not valid json (json must always start with opening brace {), hence it nags about the "m" of "module".

In other words, this error is indicative of webpack trying to apply json-loader twice in a row. Changing json-loader to raw-loader should get rid of webpack's wrapper javascript and pass the json as-is to whatever other plugin might be trying to load it as raw json.

Here's a related issue that might help you get this cleared up:



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