Calling PHP scripts from Javascript without leaving current page

I'm having some trouble calling PHP scripts from Javascript without leaving the current HTML page (if it is at all possible). I understand it is possible using AJAX, although is it possible using Javascript alone?


I want my page to perform a short animation using Javascript (using onclick), then immediately call a PHP script to insert data into a MySQL database - all without leaving the page so it does not inhibit the animation.

The animation part I can do and the inserting the data into the database, etc. but how can I call a PHP script at the end of that Javascript animation function?

Any pointers, code fragments, etc. would be greatly appreciated! ^_^

Apologies if this question has been asked previous.



AJAX is Asynchronous Javascript And XML, Its a Javascript technology that allows you to send a request to the server (as your browser does when you enter a URL) and have the response in a javascript string instead of rendering it in the page.

The problem is different browsers do not implement AJAX the same way, So I suggest using jQuery for abstraction.

do this with jQuery:



Just happened to have the same issue, so I came up with something like that. All you have to do is add the code you need, and assign the do_the_script function to the onclick event.

<script type="text/javascript">
var myIntv;
function do_the_script() {
    // play animation ...
    var address='fancy_script.php';
    var tmp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    tmp.addEventListener("load", doneHandler, false);"POST", address);
    }, 1000);

function doneHandler(event) {
    // maybe do something when script is executed

As you may have noticed, the code that "calls" the address is executed every 1 second. This, is to ensure that the call is made enough times so as to get a single positive answer, call the doneHandler and clear the interval afterwards. If you believe that your server can respond faster or slower you should change those milliseconds accordingly.


you can use jquery ajax:


PHP is a server-side language. JavaScript is a client-side language.

If you want to execute server-side code, you don't have the choice to do a round-trip to the server. If you don't want to leave the page, your only option is doing an asynchronous request (aka AJAX).

Using a JavaScript library such as jQuery or MooTools greatly simplifies that kind of task. For example, you could use MooTools to do a request at the end of your script as such:

var req = new Request({url: '/backend/doPHPInsert.php'});

There are ways to do so without AJAX by, for example, creating an iFrame dynamically (or any other element that fetches a resource).


I understand it is possible using AJAX, although is it possible using Javascript alone?

If you don't want to use XHR, you could use this ugly hack...

var request = 'mysql-insert.php',
    image = new Image();

image.onload = function() {
  // Success

image.onerror = function() {
  // Error

image.src = request;

Except that was only really used before widespread use of AJAX (or needing to make a cross domain request).

I would just use AJAX. jQuery provides some great abstractions for working with XHR.


If you do not want to include the jquery library you can simple do the following

a) ad an iframe, size 0px so it is not visible, href is blank

b) execute this within your js code function

 window.frames['iframename'].location.replace('http://....your . php');

This will execute the php script and you can for example make a database update...


This has some good examples for using unadulterated XMLHttpRequest:

(Particularly, scroll down to the asynchronous examples - now you're cooking with gas.)

Edit: see also which has examples for dealing with versions of IE which don't have native window.XMLHttpRequest.

Now, let's be frank - yes, working with XHR itself (especially cross-browser) is kind of obtuse. You can use just about anything out there (jQuery, Dojo, MooTools, Prototype, Closure, YUI, etc.) to do XHR more easily, because all of them, among other things, give you more concise XHR facilities.

It's still good to know what you're working with under the surface before you start letting a library do it for you though. :)


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