Replace multiple strings with multiple other strings

I'm trying to replace multiple words in a string with multiple other words. The string is "I have a cat, a dog, and a goat."

However, this does not produce "I have a dog, a goat, and a cat", but instead it produces "I have a cat, a cat, and a cat". Is it possible to replace multiple strings with multiple other strings at the same time in JavaScript, so that the correct result will be produced?

var str = "I have a cat, a dog, and a goat.";
str = str.replace(/cat/gi, "dog");
str = str.replace(/dog/gi, "goat");
str = str.replace(/goat/gi, "cat");

//this produces "I have a cat, a cat, and a cat"
//but I wanted to produce the string "I have a dog, a goat, and a cat".

Answers:

Answer

Specific Solution

You can use a function to replace each one.

var str = "I have a cat, a dog, and a goat.";
var mapObj = {
   cat:"dog",
   dog:"goat",
   goat:"cat"
};
str = str.replace(/cat|dog|goat/gi, function(matched){
  return mapObj[matched];
});

jsfiddle example

Generalizing it

If you want to dynamically maintain the regex and just add future exchanges to the map, you can do this

new RegExp(Object.keys(mapObj).join("|"),"gi"); 

to generate the regex. So then it would look like this

var mapObj = {cat:"dog",dog:"goat",goat:"cat"};

var re = new RegExp(Object.keys(mapObj).join("|"),"gi");
str = str.replace(re, function(matched){
  return mapObj[matched];
});

And to add or change any more replacements you could just edit the map. 

fiddle with dynamic regex

Making it Reusable

If you want this to be a general pattern you could pull this out to a function like this

function replaceAll(str,mapObj){
    var re = new RegExp(Object.keys(mapObj).join("|"),"gi");

    return str.replace(re, function(matched){
        return mapObj[matched.toLowerCase()];
    });
}

So then you could just pass the str and a map of the replacements you want to the function and it would return the transformed string.

fiddle with function

To ensure Object.keys works in older browsers, add a polyfill eg from MDN or Es5.

Answer

This may not meet your exact need in this instance, but I've found this a useful way to replace multiple parameters in strings, as a general solution. It will replace all instances of the parameters, no matter how many times they are referenced:

String.prototype.fmt = function (hash) {
        var string = this, key; for (key in hash) string = string.replace(new RegExp('\\{' + key + '\\}', 'gm'), hash[key]); return string
}

You would invoke it as follows:

var person = '{title} {first} {last}'.fmt({ title: 'Agent', first: 'Jack', last: 'Bauer' });
// person = 'Agent Jack Bauer'
Answer

Use numbered items to prevent replacing again. eg

let str = "I have a %1, a %2, and a %3";
let pets = ["dog","cat", "goat"];

then

str.replace(/%(\d+)/g, (_, n) => pets[+n-1])

How it works:- %\d+ finds the numbers which come after a %. The brackets capture the number.

This number (as a string) is the 2nd parameter, n, to the lambda function.

The +n-1 converts the string to the number then 1 is subtracted to index the pets array.

The %number is then replaced with the string at the array index.

The /g causes the lambda function to be called repeatedly with each number which is then replaced with a string from the array.

In modern JavaScript:-

replace_n=(str,...ns)=>str.replace(/%(\d+)/g,(_,n)=>ns[n-1])
Answer

This worked for me:

String.prototype.replaceAll = function(search, replacement) {
    var target = this;
    return target.replace(new RegExp(search, 'g'), replacement);
};

function replaceAll(str, map){
    for(key in map){
        str = str.replaceAll(key, map[key]);
    }
    return str;
}

//testing...
var str = "bat, ball, cat";
var map = {
    'bat' : 'foo',
    'ball' : 'boo',
    'cat' : 'bar'
};
var new = replaceAll(str, map);
//result: "foo, boo, bar"
Answer

using Array.prototype.reduce():

const arrayOfObjects = [
  { plants: 'men' },
  { smart:'dumb' },
  { peace: 'war' }
]
const sentence = 'plants are smart'

arrayOfObjects.reduce(
  (f, s) => `${f}`.replace(Object.keys(s)[0], s[Object.keys(s)[0]]), sentence
)

// as a reusable function
const replaceManyStr = (obj, sentence) => obj.reduce((f, s) => `${f}`.replace(Object.keys(s)[0], s[Object.keys(s)[0]]), sentence)

const result = replaceManyStr(arrayOfObjects , sentence1)

Example

// /////////////    1. replacing using reduce and objects

// arrayOfObjects.reduce((f, s) => `${f}`.replace(Object.keys(s)[0], s[Object.keys(s)[0]]), sentence)

// replaces the key in object with its value if found in the sentence
// doesn't break if words aren't found

// Example

const arrayOfObjects = [
  { plants: 'men' },
  { smart:'dumb' },
  { peace: 'war' }
]
const sentence1 = 'plants are smart'
const result1 = arrayOfObjects.reduce((f, s) => `${f}`.replace(Object.keys(s)[0], s[Object.keys(s)[0]]), sentence1)

console.log(result1)

// result1: 
// men are dumb


// Extra: string insertion python style with an array of words and indexes

// usage

// arrayOfWords.reduce((f, s, i) => `${f}`.replace(`{${i}}`, s), sentence)

// where arrayOfWords has words you want to insert in sentence

// Example

// replaces as many words in the sentence as are defined in the arrayOfWords
// use python type {0}, {1} etc notation

// five to replace
const sentence2 = '{0} is {1} and {2} are {3} every {5}'

// but four in array? doesn't break
const words2 = ['man','dumb','plants','smart']

// what happens ?
const result2 = words2.reduce((f, s, i) => `${f}`.replace(`{${i}}`, s), sentence2)

console.log(result2)

// result2: 
// man is dumb and plants are smart every {5}

// replaces as many words as are defined in the array
// three to replace
const sentence3 = '{0} is {1} and {2}'

// but five in array
const words3 = ['man','dumb','plant','smart']

// what happens ? doesn't break
const result3 = words3.reduce((f, s, i) => `${f}`.replace(`{${i}}`, s), sentence3)

console.log(result3)

// result3: 
// man is dumb and plants

Answer

Just in case someone is wondering why the original poster's solution is not working:

var str = "I have a cat, a dog, and a goat.";

str = str.replace(/cat/gi, "dog");
// now str = "I have a dog, a dog, and a goat."

str = str.replace(/dog/gi, "goat");
// now str = "I have a goat, a goat, and a goat."

str = str.replace(/goat/gi, "cat");
// now str = "I have a cat, a cat, and a cat."
Answer

user regular function to define the pattern to replace and then use replace function to work on input string,

var i = new RegExp('"{','g'),
    j = new RegExp('}"','g'),
    k = data.replace(i,'{').replace(j,'}');
Answer

With my replace-once package, you could do the following:

const replaceOnce = require('replace-once')

var str = 'I have a cat, a dog, and a goat.'
var find = ['cat', 'dog', 'goat']
var replace = ['dog', 'goat', 'cat']
replaceOnce(str, find, replace, 'gi')
//=> 'I have a dog, a goat, and a cat.'
Answer
String.prototype.replaceSome = function() {
    var replaceWith = Array.prototype.pop.apply(arguments),
        i = 0,
        r = this,
        l = arguments.length;
    for (;i<l;i++) {
        r = r.replace(arguments[i],replaceWith);
    }
    return r;
}

/* replaceSome method for strings it takes as ,much arguments as we want and replaces all of them with the last argument we specified 2013 CopyRights saved for: Max Ahmed this is an example:

var string = "[hello i want to 'replace x' with eat]";
var replaced = string.replaceSome("]","[","'replace x' with","");
document.write(string + "<br>" + replaced); // returns hello i want to eat (without brackets)

*/

jsFiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/CPj89/

Answer
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>



<p id="demo">Mr Blue 
has a           blue house and a blue car.</p>

<button onclick="myFunction()">Try it</button>

<script>
function myFunction() {
    var str = document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML;
    var res = str.replace(/\n| |car/gi, function myFunction(x){

if(x=='\n'){return x='<br>';}
if(x==' '){return x='&nbsp';}
if(x=='car'){return x='BMW'}
else{return x;}//must need



});

    document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = res;
}
</script>

</body>
</html>
Answer

I wrote this npm package stringinject https://www.npmjs.com/package/stringinject which allows you to do the following

var string = stringInject("this is a {0} string for {1}", ["test", "stringInject"]);

which will replace the {0} and {1} with the array items and return the following string

"this is a test string for stringInject"

or you could replace placeholders with object keys and values like so:

var str = stringInject("My username is {username} on {platform}", { username: "tjcafferkey", platform: "GitHub" });

"My username is tjcafferkey on Github" 
Answer
    var str = "I have a cat, a dog, and a goat.";

    str = str.replace(/goat/i, "cat");
    // now str = "I have a cat, a dog, and a cat."

    str = str.replace(/dog/i, "goat");
    // now str = "I have a cat, a goat, and a cat."

    str = str.replace(/cat/i, "dog");
    // now str = "I have a dog, a goat, and a cat."
Answer

You can find and replace string using delimiters.

var obj = {
  'firstname': 'John',
  'lastname': 'Doe'
}

var text = "My firstname is {firstname} and my lastname is {lastname}"

console.log(mutliStringReplace(obj,text))

function mutliStringReplace(object, string) {
      var val = string
      var entries = Object.entries(object);
      entries.forEach((para)=> {
          var find = '{' + para[0] + '}'
          var regExp = new RegExp(find,'g')
       val = val.replace(regExp, para[1])
    })
  return val;
}

Answer

You can use https://www.npmjs.com/package/union-replacer for this purpose. It is basically a string.replace(regexp, ...) counterpart, which allows multiple replaces to happen in one pass while preserving full power of string.replace(...).

Disclosure: I am the author. The library was developed to support more complex user-configurable replacements and it addresses all the problematic things like capture groups, backreferences and callback function replacements.

The solutions above are good enough for exact string replacements though.

Answer

I expanded on @BenMcCormicks a bit. His worked for regular strings but not if I had escaped characters or wildcards. Here's what I did

str = "[curl] 6: blah blah 234433 blah blah";
mapObj = {'\\[curl] *': '', '\\d: *': ''};


function replaceAll (str, mapObj) {

    var arr = Object.keys(mapObj),
        re;

    $.each(arr, function (key, value) {
        re = new RegExp(value, "g");
        str = str.replace(re, function (matched) {
            return mapObj[value];
        });
    });

    return str;

}
replaceAll(str, mapObj)

returns "blah blah 234433 blah blah"

This way it will match the key in the mapObj and not the matched word'

Answer

Solution with Jquery (first include this file): Replace multiple strings with multiple other strings:

var replacetext = {
    "abc": "123",
    "def": "456"
    "ghi": "789"
};

$.each(replacetext, function(txtorig, txtnew) {
    $(".eng-to-urd").each(function() {
        $(this).text($(this).text().replace(txtorig, txtnew));
    });
});
Answer

by using prototype function we can replace easily by passing object with keys and values and replacable text

String.prototype.replaceAll=function(obj,keydata='key'){
 const keys=keydata.split('key');
 return Object.entries(obj).reduce((a,[key,val])=> a.replace(`${keys[0]}${key}${keys[1]}`,val),this)
}

const data='hids dv sdc sd ${yathin} ${ok}'
console.log(data.replaceAll({yathin:12,ok:'hi'},'${key}'))

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.