How can I get form data with JavaScript/jQuery?

Is there a simple, one-line way to get the data of a form as it would be if it was to be submitted in the classic HTML-only way?

For example:

<form>
    <input type="radio" name="foo" value="1" checked="checked" />
    <input type="radio" name="foo" value="0" />
    <input name="bar" value="xxx" />
    <select name="this">
        <option value="hi" selected="selected">Hi</option>
        <option value="ho">Ho</option>
</form>

Output:

{
    "foo": "1",
    "bar": "xxx",
    "this": "hi"
}

Something like this is too simple, since it does not (correctly) include textareas, selects, radio buttons and checkboxes:

$("#form input").each(function () {
    data[theFieldName] = theFieldValue;
});

Answers:

Answer
$('form').serialize() //this produces: "foo=1&bar=xxx&this=hi"

demo

Answer

Use $('form').serializeArray(), which returns an array:

[
  {"name":"foo","value":"1"},
  {"name":"bar","value":"xxx"},
  {"name":"this","value":"hi"}
]

Other option is $('form').serialize(), which returns a string:

"foo=1&bar=xxx&this=hi"

Take a look at this jsfiddle demo

Answer

Updated answer for 2014: HTML5 FormData does this

var formData = new FormData(document.querySelector('form'))

You can then post formData exactly as it is - it contains all names and values used in the form.

Answer

Based on jQuery.serializeArray, returns key-value pairs.

var data = $('#form').serializeArray().reduce(function(obj, item) {
    obj[item.name] = item.value;
    return obj;
}, {});
Answer
document.querySelector('form').addEventListener('submit', (e) => {
  const formData = new FormData(e.target);
  // Now you can use formData.get('foo'), for example.
  // Don't forget e.preventDefault() if you want to stop normal form .submission
});

This is a nitpicky answer, but let me explain why this is a better solution:

  • We're properly handling a form submit rather than a button press. Some people like to push enter on fields. Some people use alternative input devices such as speech input or other accessibility devices. Handle the form submit and you correctly solve it for everyone.

  • We're digging into the form data for the actual form that was submitted. If you change your form selector later, you don't have to change the selectors for all the fields. Furthermore, you might have several forms with the same input names. No need to disambiguate with excessive IDs and what not, just track the inputs based on the form that was submitted. This also enables you to use a single event handler for multiple forms if that is appropriate for your situation.

  • The FormData interface is fairly new, but is well supported by browsers. It's a great way to build that data collection to get the real values of what's in the form. Without it, you're going to have to loop through all the elements (such as with form.elements) and figure out what's checked, what isn't, what the values are, etc. Totally possible if you need old browser support, but the FormData interface is simpler.

  • I'm using ES6 here... not a requirement by any means, so change it back to be ES5 compatible if you need old browser support.

Answer

use .serializeArray() to get the data in array format and then convert it into an object:

function getFormObj(formId) {
    var formObj = {};
    var inputs = $('#'+formId).serializeArray();
    $.each(inputs, function (i, input) {
        formObj[input.name] = input.value;
    });
    return formObj;
}
Answer

Here's a really simple and short soluton that even doesn't require Jquery.

var formElements=document.getElementById("myForm").elements;    
var postData={};
for (var i=0; i<formElements.length; i++)
    if (formElements[i].type!="submit")//we dont want to include the submit-buttom
        postData[formElements[i].name]=formElements[i].value;
Answer

It is 2019 and there's a better way to do this:

const form = document.querySelector('form');
const data = new URLSearchParams(new FormData(form).entries());

or if you want a plain Object instead

const form = document.querySelector('form');
const data = Object.fromEntries(new FormData(form).entries());

although note that this won't work with duplicate keys like you get from multi-select and duplicate checkboxes with the same name.

Answer
$('#myform').serialize();
Answer

I use this:

jQuery Plugin

(function($){
  $.fn.getFormData = function(){
    var data = {};
    var dataArray = $(this).serializeArray();
    for(var i=0;i<dataArray.length;i++){
      data[dataArray[i].name] = dataArray[i].value;
    }
    return data;
  }
})(jQuery);

HTML Form

<form id='myform'>
  <input name='myVar1' />
  <input name='myVar2' />
</form>

Get the Data

var myData = $("#myForm").getFormData();
Answer
$("#form input, #form select, #form textarea").each(function() {
 data[theFieldName] = theFieldValue;
});

other than that, you might want to look at serialize();

Answer

Here is a working JavaScript only implementation which correctly handles checkboxes, radio buttons, and sliders (probably other input types as well, but I've only tested these).

function setOrPush(target, val) {
    var result = val;
    if (target) {
        result = [target];
        result.push(val);
    }
    return result;
}

function getFormResults(formElement) {
    var formElements = formElement.elements;
    var formParams = {};
    var i = 0;
    var elem = null;
    for (i = 0; i < formElements.length; i += 1) {
        elem = formElements[i];
        switch (elem.type) {
            case 'submit':
                break;
            case 'radio':
                if (elem.checked) {
                    formParams[elem.name] = elem.value;
                }
                break;
            case 'checkbox':
                if (elem.checked) {
                    formParams[elem.name] = setOrPush(formParams[elem.name], elem.value);
                }
                break;
            default:
                formParams[elem.name] = setOrPush(formParams[elem.name], elem.value);
        }
    }
    return formParams;
}

Working example:

    function setOrPush(target, val) {
      var result = val;
      if (target) {
        result = [target];
        result.push(val);
      }
      return result;
    }

    function getFormResults(formElement) {
      var formElements = formElement.elements;
      var formParams = {};
      var i = 0;
      var elem = null;
      for (i = 0; i < formElements.length; i += 1) {
        elem = formElements[i];
        switch (elem.type) {
          case 'submit':
            break;
          case 'radio':
            if (elem.checked) {
              formParams[elem.name] = elem.value;
            }
            break;
          case 'checkbox':
            if (elem.checked) {
              formParams[elem.name] = setOrPush(formParams[elem.name], elem.value);
            }
            break;
          default:
            formParams[elem.name] = setOrPush(formParams[elem.name], elem.value);
        }
      }
      return formParams;
    }

    //
    // Boilerplate for running the snippet/form
    //

    function ok() {
      var params = getFormResults(document.getElementById('main_form'));
      document.getElementById('results_wrapper').innerHTML = JSON.stringify(params, null, ' ');
    }

    (function() {
      var main_form = document.getElementById('main_form');
      main_form.addEventListener('submit', function(event) {
        event.preventDefault();
        ok();
      }, false);
    })();
<form id="main_form">
  <div id="questions_wrapper">
    <p>what is a?</p>
    <div>
      <input type="radio" required="" name="q_0" value="a" id="a_0">
      <label for="a_0">a</label>
      <input type="radio" required="" name="q_0" value="b" id="a_1">
      <label for="a_1">b</label>
      <input type="radio" required="" name="q_0" value="c" id="a_2">
      <label for="a_2">c</label>
      <input type="radio" required="" name="q_0" value="d" id="a_3">
      <label for="a_3">d</label>
    </div>
    <div class="question range">
      <label for="a_13">A?</label>
      <input type="range" required="" name="q_3" id="a_13" min="0" max="10" step="1" list="q_3_dl">
      <datalist id="q_3_dl">
        <option value="0"></option>
        <option value="1"></option>
        <option value="2"></option>
        <option value="3"></option>
        <option value="4"></option>
        <option value="5"></option>
        <option value="6"></option>
        <option value="7"></option>
        <option value="8"></option>
        <option value="9"></option>
        <option value="10"></option>
      </datalist>
    </div>
    <p>A and/or B?</p>
    <div>
      <input type="checkbox" name="q_4" value="A" id="a_14">
      <label for="a_14">A</label>
      <input type="checkbox" name="q_4" value="B" id="a_15">
      <label for="a_15">B</label>
    </div>
  </div>
  <button id="btn" type="submit">OK</button>
</form>
<div id="results_wrapper"></div>

edit:

If you're looking for a more complete implementation, then take a look at this section of the project I made this for. I'll update this question eventually with the complete solution I came up with, but maybe this will be helpful to someone.

Answer

If you are using jQuery, here is a little function that will do what you are looking for.

First, add an ID to your form (unless it is the only form on the page, then you can just use 'form' as the dom query)

<form id="some-form">
 <input type="radio" name="foo" value="1" checked="checked" />
 <input type="radio" name="foo" value="0" />
 <input name="bar" value="xxx" />
 <select name="this">
  <option value="hi" selected="selected">Hi</option>
  <option value="ho">Ho</option>
</form>

<script>
//read in a form's data and convert it to a key:value object
function getFormData(dom_query){
    var out = {};
    var s_data = $(dom_query).serializeArray();
    //transform into simple data/value object
    for(var i = 0; i<s_data.length; i++){
        var record = s_data[i];
        out[record.name] = record.value;
    }
    return out;
}

console.log(getFormData('#some-form'));
</script>

The output would look like:

{
 "foo": "1",
 "bar": "xxx",
 "this": "hi"
}
Answer

You can also use the FormData Objects; The FormData object lets you compile a set of key/value pairs to send using XMLHttpRequest. Its primarily intended for use in sending form data, but can be used independently from forms in order to transmit keyed data.

        var formElement = document.getElementById("myform_id");
        var formData = new FormData(formElement);
        console.log(formData);
Answer

I have included the answer to also give back the object required.

function getFormData(form) {
var rawJson = form.serializeArray();
var model = {};

$.map(rawJson, function (n, i) {
    model[n['name']] = n['value'];
});

return model;
}
Answer

Based on neuront's response I created a simple JQuery method that gets the form data in key-value pairs but it works for multi-selects and for array inputs with name='example[]'.

This is how it is used:

var form_data = $("#form").getFormObject();

You can find an example below of its definition and how it works.

// Function start
$.fn.getFormObject = function() {
    var object = $(this).serializeArray().reduce(function(obj, item) {
        var name = item.name.replace("[]", "");
        if ( typeof obj[name] !== "undefined" ) {
            if ( !Array.isArray(obj[name]) ) {
                obj[name] = [ obj[name], item.value ];
            } else {
               obj[name].push(item.value);
            }
        } else {
            obj[name] = item.value;
        }
        return obj;
    }, {});
    return object;
}
// Function ends

// This is how it's used
$("#getObject").click( function() {
  var form_data = $("#form").getFormObject();
  console.log(form_data);
});
/* Only to make view better ;) */
#getObject {
  padding: 10px;
  cursor:pointer;
  background:#0098EE;
  color:white;
  display:inline-block;
}
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
<form id="form">
  <input type="text" name="text" value="Hola amigo" /> 
  
  <input type="text" name="text_array[]" value="Array 1" /> 
  <input type="text" name="text_array[]" value="Array 2" /> 
  <input type="text" name="text_array[]" value="Array 3" /> 
  
  <select name="multiselect" multiple>
    <option name="option1" selected> option 1 </option>
    <option name="option2" selected> option 2 </option>
  </select>
  
  <input type="checkbox" name="checkbox" value="checkbox1" checked/>
  <input type="checkbox" name="checkbox" value="checkbox2" checked/>
  
  <input type="radio" name="radio" value="radio1" checked/>
  <input type="radio" name="radio" value="radio2"/>

</form>

<div id="getObject"> Get object (check the console!) </div>

Answer

This will append all form fields to the JavaScript object "res":

var res = {};
$("#form input, #form select, #form textarea").each(function(i, obj) {
    res[obj.name] = $(obj).val();
})
Answer
var formData = new FormData($('#form-id'));
params   = $('#form-id').serializeArray();

$.each(params, function(i, val) {
    formData.append(val.name, val.value);
});
Answer
function getFormData($form){
    var unindexed_array = $form.serializeArray();
    var indexed_array = {};

    $.map(unindexed_array, function(n, i){
        if(indexed_array[n['name']] == undefined){
            indexed_array[n['name']] = [n['value']];
        }else{
            indexed_array[n['name']].push(n['value']);
        }
    });

    return indexed_array;
}
Answer

you can use this function for have an object or a JSON from form.

for use it:

var object = formService.getObjectFormFields("#idform");

 function  getObjectFormFields(formSelector)
        {
            /// <summary>Função que retorna objeto com base nas propriedades name dos elementos do formulário.</summary>
            /// <param name="formSelector" type="String">Seletor do formulário</param>

            var form = $(formSelector);

            var result = {};
            var arrayAuxiliar = [];
            form.find(":input:text").each(function (index, element)
            {
                var name = $(element).attr('name');

                var value = $(element).val();
                result[name] = value;
            });

            form.find(":input[type=hidden]").each(function (index, element)
            {
                var name = $(element).attr('name');
                var value = $(element).val();
                result[name] = value;
            });


            form.find(":input:checked").each(function (index, element)
            {
                var name;
                var value;
                if ($(this).attr("type") == "radio")
                {
                    name = $(element).attr('name');
                    value = $(element).val();
                    result[name] = value;
                }
                else if ($(this).attr("type") == "checkbox")
                {
                    name = $(element).attr('name');
                    value = $(element).val();
                    if (result[name])
                    {
                        if (Array.isArray(result[name]))
                        {
                            result[name].push(value);
                        } else
                        {
                            var aux = result[name];
                            result[name] = [];
                            result[name].push(aux);
                            result[name].push(value);
                        }

                    } else
                    {
                        result[name] = [];
                        result[name].push(value);
                    }
                }

            });

            form.find("select option:selected").each(function (index, element)
            {
                var name = $(element).parent().attr('name');
                var value = $(element).val();
                result[name] = value;

            });

            arrayAuxiliar = [];
            form.find("checkbox:checked").each(function (index, element)
            {
                var name = $(element).attr('name');
                var value = $(element).val();
                result[name] = arrayAuxiliar.push(value);
            });

            form.find("textarea").each(function (index, element)
            {
                var name = $(element).attr('name');
                var value = $(element).val();
                result[name] = value;
            });

            return result;
        }

Answer

I wrote a library to solve this very problem: JSONForms. It takes a form, goes through each input and builds a JSON object you can easily read.

Say you have the following form:

<form enctype='application/json'>
  <input name='places[0][city]' value='New York City'>
  <input type='number' name='places[0][population]' value='8175133'>
  <input name='places[1][city]' value='Los Angeles'>
  <input type='number' name='places[1][population]' value='3792621'>
  <input name='places[2][city]' value='Chicago'>
  <input type='number' name='places[2][population]' value='2695598'>
</form>

Passing the form to JSONForms' encode method returns you the following object:

{
  "places": [
    {
      "city": "New York City",
      "population": 8175133
    },
    {
      "city": "Los Angeles",
      "population": 3792621
    },
    {
      "city": "Chicago",
      "population": 2695598
    }
  ]
}

Here's demo with your form.

Answer

$( "form" ).bind( "submit", function(e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    
    console.log(  $(this).serializeObject() );    

    //console.log(  $(this).serialize() );
    //console.log(  $(this).serializeArray() );

});


$.fn.serializeObject = function() {
    var o = {};
    var a = this.serializeArray();

    $.each( a, function() {
        if ( o[this.name] !== undefined) 
        {
            if ( ! o[this.name].push ) 
            {
                o[this.name] = [o[this.name]];
            }
            o[this.name].push(this.value || '');
        }
        else 
        {
            o[this.name] = this.value || '';
        }
    });

    return o;
};
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<form>

    <input type="radio" name="foo" value="1" checked="checked" />
    <input type="radio" name="foo" value="0" />
    <input name="bar" value="xxx" />

    <select name="this">
        <option value="hi" selected="selected">Hi</option>
        <option value="ho">Ho</option>
    </select>

    <input type="submit" value="Submit" />

</form>

Codepen

Answer

I wrote a function that takes care of multiple checkboxes and multiple selects. In those cases it returns an array.

function getFormData(formId) {
    return $('#' + formId).serializeArray().reduce(function (obj, item) {
        var name = item.name,
            value = item.value;

        if (obj.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
            if (typeof obj[name] == "string") {
                obj[name] = [obj[name]];
                obj[name].push(value);
            } else {
                obj[name].push(value);
            }
        } else {
            obj[name] = value;
        }
        return obj;
    }, {});
}
Answer

showing form input element fields and input file to submit your form without page refresh and grab all values with file include in it here it is

<form id="imageUploadForm"   action="" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="text" class="form-control" id="fname" name='fname' placeholder="First Name" >
<input type="text" class="form-control" name='lname' id="lname" placeholder="Last Name">
<input type="number" name='phoneno'  class="form-control" id="phoneno" placeholder="Phone Number">
<textarea class="form-control" name='address' id="address" rows="5" cols="5" placeholder="Your Address"></textarea>
<input type="file" name="file" id="file" >
<input type="submit" id="sub" value="Registration">					   
</form>
on Submit button page will send ajax request to your php file.
$('#imageUploadForm').on('submit',(function(e) 
{
     fname = $('#fname').val();
     lname =  $('#lname').val();
     address =  $('#address').val();
     phoneno =  $('#phoneno').val();
     file =  $('#file').val();
     e.preventDefault();
     var formData = new FormData(this);
     formData.append('file', $('#file')[0]);
     formData.append('fname',$('#fname').val());
     formData.append('lname',$('#lname').val());
     formData.append('phoneno',$('#phoneno').val());
     formData.append('address',$('#address').val());
     $.ajax({
		type:'POST',
                url: "test.php",
                //url: '<?php echo base_url().'edit_profile/edit_profile2';?>',

                data:formData,
                cache:false,
                contentType: false,
                processData: false,
                success:function(data)
                {
                     alert('Data with file are submitted !');

                }

     });

}))

Answer
$(form).serializeArray().reduce(function (obj, item) {
      if (obj[item.name]) {
           if ($.isArray(obj[item.name])) {
               obj[item.name].push(item.value);
           } else {
                var previousValue = obj[item.name];
                obj[item.name] = [previousValue, item.value];
           }
      } else {
           obj[item.name] = item.value;
      }

     return obj;
}, {});

It will fix issue:couldn't work with multiselects.

Answer

For those of you who would prefer an Object as opposed to a serialized string (like the one returned by $(form).serialize(), and a slight improvement on $(form).serializeArray()), feel free to use the code below:

function serialize(form){
    if(form && form.tagName.toLowerCase() === "form"){
        var data = {};
        for(var i = 0; i < form.elements.length; i++){
            var element = form.elements[i];
            var name = element.name.trim(), type = element.type;
            if(name !== ""){
                var nodeName = element.nodeName.toLowerCase();
                if(nodeName === "input"){
                    switch(type){
                        case "radio": 
                        case "checkbox":
                            if(element.checked){
                                data[name] = element.value;
                            }
                            break;
                        default: 
                            data[name] = element.value;
                    }
                } else if(nodeName === "select"){
                    switch(type){
                        case "select-one": 
                            data[name] = element.value; 
                            break;
                        case "select-multiple":
                            for(var j = 0; j < element.options.length; j++){
                                if(options[j].selected){
                                    data[name] = element.value;
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                    }
                } else if(nodeName === "button"){
                    switch(type){
                        case "reset": 
                        case "submit": 
                        case "button":
                            data[name] = element.value;
                            break;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return {};
}

It will return an object similar to this:

<!-- { username: "username", password: "password" } !-->
<input type="text" value="username">
<input type="password" value="password">

As a bonus, it means you don't have to install the entire bundle of jQuery just for one serialize function.

Answer

You are all not fully correct. You cannot write:

formObj[input.name] = input.value;

Because this way if you have multiselect list - its values will be overwritten with the last one, since it's transmitted as: "param1" : "value1", "param1" : "value2".

So, correct approach is:

if (formData[input.name] === undefined) {
    formData[input.name] = input.value;
}
else {
    var inputFieldArray = $.merge([], $.isArray(formData[input.name]) ? formData[input.name] : [formData[input.name]]);
    $.merge(inputFieldArray, [input.value]);
    formData[input.name] = $.merge([], inputFieldArray);
}
Answer

This method should do it. It serializes the form data and then converts them to an object. Takes care of groups of checkboxes as well.

function getFormObj(formId) {
  var formParams = {};
  $('#' + formId)
    .serializeArray()
    .forEach(function(item) {
      if (formParams[item.name]) {
        formParams[item.name] = [formParams[item.name]];
        formParams[item.name].push(item.value)
      } else {
        formParams[item.name] = item.value
      }
    });
  return formParams;
}
Answer

Here is a nice vanilla JS function I wrote to extract form data as an object. It also has options for inserting additions into the object, and for clearing the form input fields.

const extractFormData = ({ form, clear, add }) => {
  return [].slice.call(form.children).filter(node => node.nodeName === 'INPUT')
  .reduce((formData, input) => {
    const value = input.value
    if (clear) { input.value = '' }
    return {
      ...formData,
      [input.name]: value
    }
  }, add)
}

Here is an example of its use with a post request:

submitGrudge(e) {
  e.preventDefault()

  const form = e.target
  const add = { id: Date.now(), forgiven: false }
  const grudge = extractFormData({ form, add, clear: true })

  // grudge = {
  //  "name": "Example name",
  //  "offense": "Example string",
  //  "date": "2017-02-16",
  //  "id": 1487877281983,
  //  "forgiven": false
  // }

  fetch('http://localhost:3001/api/grudge', {
    method: 'post',
    headers: { 'Content-Type': 'application/json' },
    body: JSON.stringify(grudge)
  })
    .then(response => response.json())
    .then(grudges => this.setState({ grudges }))
    .catch(err => console.log('error: ', err))
}

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