Is it possible to get the non-enumerable inherited property names of an object?

In JavaScript we have a few ways of getting the properties of an object, depending on what we want to get.

1) Object.keys(), which returns all own, enumerable properties of an object, an ECMA5 method.

2) a for...in loop, which returns all the enumerable properties of an object, regardless of whether they are own properties, or inherited from the prototype chain.

3) Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj) which returns all own properties of an object, enumerable or not.

We also have such methods as hasOwnProperty(prop) lets us check if a property is inherited or actually belongs to that object, and propertyIsEnumerable(prop) which, as the name suggests, lets us check if a property is enumerable.

With all these options, there is no way to get a non-enumerable, non-own property of an object, which is what I want to do. Is there any way to do this? In other words, can I somehow get a list of the inherited non-enumerable properties?

Thank you.

Answers:

Answer

Since getOwnPropertyNames can get you non-enumerable properties, you can use that and combine it with walking up the prototype chain.

function getAllProperties(obj){
    var allProps = []
      , curr = obj
    do{
        var props = Object.getOwnPropertyNames(curr)
        props.forEach(function(prop){
            if (allProps.indexOf(prop) === -1)
                allProps.push(prop)
        })
    }while(curr = Object.getPrototypeOf(curr))
    return allProps
}

I tested that on Safari 5.1 and got

> getAllProperties([1,2,3])
["0", "1", "2", "length", "constructor", "push", "slice", "indexOf", "sort", "splice", "concat", "pop", "unshift", "shift", "join", "toString", "forEach", "reduceRight", "toLocaleString", "some", "map", "lastIndexOf", "reduce", "filter", "reverse", "every", "hasOwnProperty", "isPrototypeOf", "valueOf", "__defineGetter__", "__defineSetter__", "__lookupGetter__", "propertyIsEnumerable", "__lookupSetter__"]

Update: Refactored the code a bit (added spaces, and curly braces, and improved the function name):

function getAllPropertyNames( obj ) {
    var props = [];

    do {
        Object.getOwnPropertyNames( obj ).forEach(function ( prop ) {
            if ( props.indexOf( prop ) === -1 ) {
                props.push( prop );
            }
        });
    } while ( obj = Object.getPrototypeOf( obj ) );

    return props;
}
Answer

A cleaner solution using recursion:

function getAllPropertyNames (obj) {
    const proto     = Object.getPrototypeOf(obj);
    const inherited = (proto) ? getAllPropertyNames(proto) : [];
    return [...new Set(Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj).concat(inherited))];
}

Edit

More generic functions:

function walkProtoChain (obj, callback) {
    const proto     = Object.getPrototypeOf(obj);
    const inherited = (proto) ? walkProtoChain(proto, callback) : [];
    return [...new Set(callback(obj).concat(inherited))];
}

function getOwnNonEnumPropertyNames (obj) {
    return Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj)
        .filter(p => !obj.propertyIsEnumerable(p));
}

function getAllPropertyNames (obj) {
    return walkProtoChain(obj, Object.getOwnPropertyNames);
}

function getAllEnumPropertyNames (obj) {
    return walkProtoChain(obj, Object.keys);
}

function getAllNonEnumPropertyNames (obj) {
    return walkProtoChain(obj, getOwnNonEnumPropertyNames);
}

This same template can be applied using Object.getOwnPropertySymbols, etc.

Answer

Taking advantage of Sets leads to a somewhat cleaner solution, IMO.

const own = Object.getOwnPropertyNames;
const proto = Object.getPrototypeOf;

function getAllPropertyNames(obj) {
    const props = new Set();
    do own(obj).forEach(p => props.add(p)); while (obj = proto(obj));
    return Array.from(props);
}
Answer

To get all inherited properties or methods for some instance you could use something like this

var BaseType = function () {
    this.baseAttribute = "base attribute";
    this.baseMethod = function() {
        return "base method";
    };
};

var SomeType = function() {
    BaseType();
    this.someAttribute = "some attribute";
    this.someMethod = function (){
        return "some method";
    };
};

SomeType.prototype = new BaseType();
SomeType.prototype.constructor = SomeType;

var instance = new SomeType();

Object.prototype.getInherited = function(){
    var props = []
    for (var name in this) {  
        if (!this.hasOwnProperty(name) && !(name == 'constructor' || name == 'getInherited')) {  
            props.push(name);
        }  
    }
    return props;
};

alert(instance.getInherited().join(","));
Answer

Here is the solution that I came up with while studying the subject. To get all non-enumerable non-own properties of the obj object do getProperties(obj, "nonown", "nonenum");

function getProperties(obj, type, enumerability) {
/**
 * Return array of object properties
 * @param {String} type - Property type. Can be "own", "nonown" or "both"
 * @param {String} enumerability - Property enumerability. Can be "enum", 
 * "nonenum" or "both"
 * @returns {String|Array} Array of properties
 */
    var props = Object.create(null);  // Dictionary

    var firstIteration = true;

    do {
        var allProps = Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj);
        var enumProps = Object.keys(obj);
        var nonenumProps = allProps.filter(x => !(new Set(enumProps)).has(x));

        enumProps.forEach(function(prop) {
            if (!(prop in props)) {
                props[prop] = { own: firstIteration, enum_: true };
            }           
        });

        nonenumProps.forEach(function(prop) {
            if (!(prop in props)) {
                props[prop] = { own: firstIteration, enum_: false };
            }           
        });

        firstIteration = false;
    } while (obj = Object.getPrototypeOf(obj));

    for (prop in props) {
        if (type == "own" && props[prop]["own"] == false) {
            delete props[prop];
            continue;
        }
        if (type == "nonown" && props[prop]["own"] == true) {
            delete props[prop];
            continue;
        }

        if (enumerability == "enum" && props[prop]["enum_"] == false) {
            delete props[prop];
            continue;
        }
        if (enumerability == "nonenum" && props[prop]["enum_"] == true) {
            delete props[prop];
        }
    }

    return Object.keys(props);
}
Answer
function getNonEnumerableNonOwnPropertyNames( obj ) {
    var oCurObjPrototype = Object.getPrototypeOf(obj);
    var arReturn = [];
    var arCurObjPropertyNames = [];
    var arCurNonEnumerable = [];
    while (oCurObjPrototype) {
        arCurObjPropertyNames = Object.getOwnPropertyNames(oCurObjPrototype);
        arCurNonEnumerable = arCurObjPropertyNames.filter(function(item, i, arr){
            return !oCurObjPrototype.propertyIsEnumerable(item);
        })
        Array.prototype.push.apply(arReturn,arCurNonEnumerable);
        oCurObjPrototype = Object.getPrototypeOf(oCurObjPrototype);
    }
    return arReturn;
}

Example of using:

function MakeA(){

}

var a = new MakeA();

var arNonEnumerable = getNonEnumerableNonOwnPropertyNames(a);
Answer

if you are trying to log non enumerable properties of a parent object ex. by default the methods defined inside a class in es6 are set on prototype but are set as non-enumerable.

Object.getOwnPropertyNames(Object.getPrototypeOf(obj));
Answer

An implementation in my personal preferences :)

function getAllProperties(In, Out = {}) {
    const keys = Object.getOwnPropertyNames(In);
    keys.forEach(key => Object.defineProperty(In, key, {
        enumerable: true
    }));
    Out = { ...In, ...Out };

    const Prototype = Object.getPrototypeOf(In);
    return Prototype === Object.prototype ? Out : getAllProperties(Proto, Out);
}
Answer

Straight forward iterative in ES6:

function getAllPropertyNames(obj) {
    let result = new Set();
    while (obj) {
        Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj).forEach(p => result.add(p));
        obj = Object.getPrototypeOf(obj);
    }
    return [...result];
}

Example run:

function getAllPropertyNames(obj) {
  let result = new Set();
  while (obj) {
    Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj).forEach(p => result.add(p));
    obj = Object.getPrototypeOf(obj);
  }
  return [...result];
}

let obj = {
  abc: 123,
  xyz: 1.234,
  foobar: "hello"
};

console.log(getAllPropertyNames(obj));

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