Easy way to turn JavaScript array into comma-separated list?

I have a one-dimensional array of strings in JavaScript that I'd like to turn into a comma-separated list. Is there a simple way in garden-variety JavaScript (or jQuery) to turn that into a comma-separated list? (I know how to iterate through the array and build the string myself by concatenation if that's the only way.)



Actually, the toString() implementation does a join with commas by default:

var arr = [ 42, 55 ];
var str1 = arr.toString(); // Gives you "42,55"
var str2 = String(arr); // Ditto

I don't know if this is mandated by the JS spec but this is what most pretty much all browsers seem to be doing.


Or (more efficiently):

var arr = new Array(3);
arr[0] = "Zero";
arr[1] = "One";
arr[2] = "Two";

document.write(arr); // same as document.write(arr.toString()) in this context

The toString method of an array when called returns exactly what you need - comma-separated list.


Use the built-in Array.toString method

var arr = ['one', 'two', 'three'];
arr.toString();  // 'one,two,three'

MDN on Array.toString()


There are many methods to convert an array to comma separated list

1. Using array#join

From MDN

The join() method joins all elements of an array (or an array-like object) into a string.

The code

var arr = ["this","is","a","comma","separated","list"];
arr = arr.join(",");


var arr = ["this", "is", "a", "comma", "separated", "list"];
arr = arr.join(",");

2. Using array#toString

From MDN

The toString() method returns a string representing the specified array and its elements.

The code

var arr = ["this","is","a","comma","separated","list"];
arr = arr.toString();


var arr = ["this", "is", "a", "comma", "separated", "list"];
arr = arr.toString();

3. Add []+ before array or +[] after an array

The []+ or +[] will convert it into a string


([]+[] === [].toString())

will output true

console.log([]+[] === [].toString());

var arr = ["this","is","a","comma","separated","list"];
arr = []+arr;


var arr = ["this", "is", "a", "comma", "separated", "list"];
arr = []+arr;


var arr = ["this","is","a","comma","separated","list"];
arr = arr+[];

var arr = ["this", "is", "a", "comma", "separated", "list"];
arr = arr + [];


If you need to use " and " instead of ", " between the last two items you can do this:

function arrayToList(array){
  return array
    .join(", ")
    .replace(/, ((?:.(?!, ))+)$/, ' and $1');

I usually find myself needing something that also skips the value if that value is null or undefined, etc.

So here is the solution that works for me:

// Example 1
const arr1 = ['apple', null, 'banana', '', undefined, 'pear'];
const commaSeparated1 = arr1.filter(item => item).join(', ');
console.log(commaSeparated1); // 'apple, banana, pear'

// Example 2
const arr2 = [null, 'apple'];
const commaSeparated2 = arr2.filter(item => item).join(', ');
console.log(commaSeparated2); // 'apple'

Most of the solutions here would return ', apple' if my array would look like the one in my second example. That's why I prefer this solution.


Taking the initial code:

var arr = new Array(3);
arr[0] = "Zero";
arr[1] = "One";
arr[2] = "Two";

The initial answer of using the join function is ideal. One thing to consider would be the ultimate use of the string.

For using in some end textual display:

=> "Zero,One,Two"

For using in a URL for passing multiple values through in a (somewhat) RESTful manner:

=> "Zero|One|Two"

var url = 'http://www.yoursitehere.com/do/something/to/' + arr.join("|");
=> "http://www.yoursitehere.com/do/something/to/Zero|One|Two"

Of course, it all depends on the final use. Just keep the data source and use in mind and all will be right with the world.


Do you want to end it with an "and"?

For this situation, I created an npm module.

Try arrford:


const arrford = require('arrford');

arrford(['run', 'climb', 'jump!']);
//=> 'run, climb, and jump!'

arrford(['run', 'climb', 'jump!'], false);
//=> 'run, climb and jump!'

arrford(['run', 'climb!']);
//=> 'run and climb!'

//=> 'run!'


npm install --save arrford

Read More


Try it yourself

Tonic link


I liked the solution at https://jsfiddle.net/rwone/qJUh2/ because it adds spaces after commas:

array = ["test","test2","test3"]
array = array.toString();
array = array.replace(/,/g, ", ");

Or, as suggested by @StackOverflaw in the comments:

array.join(', ');

This solution also removes values such as " ":

const result = ['', null, 'foo', '  ', undefined, 'bar'].filter(el => {
  return Boolean(el) && el.trim() !== '';
}).join(', ');

console.log(result); // => foo, bar

The Array.prototype.join() method:

var arr = ["Zero", "One", "Two"];

document.write(arr.join(", "));


Here's an implementation that converts a two-dimensional array or an array of columns into a properly escaped CSV string. The functions do not check for valid string/number input or column counts (ensure your array is valid to begin with). The cells can contain commas and quotes!

Here's a script for decoding CSV strings.

Here's my script for encoding CSV strings:

// Example
var csv = new csvWriter();
csv.del = '\t';
csv.enc = "'";

var nullVar;
var testStr = "The comma (,) pipe (|) single quote (') double quote (\") and tab (\t) are commonly used to tabulate data in plain-text formats.";
var testArr = [
    // undefinedVar,

console.log(csv.arrayToCSV([testArr, testArr, testArr]));

 * Class for creating csv strings
 * Handles multiple data types
 * Objects are cast to Strings

function csvWriter(del, enc) {
    this.del = del || ','; // CSV Delimiter
    this.enc = enc || '"'; // CSV Enclosure

    // Convert Object to CSV column
    this.escapeCol = function (col) {
        if(isNaN(col)) {
            // is not boolean or numeric
            if (!col) {
                // is null or undefined
                col = '';
            } else {
                // is string or object
                col = String(col);
                if (col.length > 0) {
                    // use regex to test for del, enc, \r or \n
                    // if(new RegExp( '[' + this.del + this.enc + '\r\n]' ).test(col)) {

                    // escape inline enclosure
                    col = col.split( this.enc ).join( this.enc + this.enc );

                    // wrap with enclosure
                    col = this.enc + col + this.enc;
        return col;

    // Convert an Array of columns into an escaped CSV row
    this.arrayToRow = function (arr) {
        var arr2 = arr.slice(0);

        var i, ii = arr2.length;
        for(i = 0; i < ii; i++) {
            arr2[i] = this.escapeCol(arr2[i]);
        return arr2.join(this.del);

    // Convert a two-dimensional Array into an escaped multi-row CSV 
    this.arrayToCSV = function (arr) {
        var arr2 = arr.slice(0);

        var i, ii = arr2.length;
        for(i = 0; i < ii; i++) {
            arr2[i] = this.arrayToRow(arr2[i]);
        return arr2.join("\r\n");

I think this should do it:

var arr = ['contains,comma', 3.14, 'contains"quote', "more'quotes"]
var item, i;
var line = [];

for (i = 0; i < arr.length; ++i) {
    item = arr[i];
    if (item.indexOf && (item.indexOf(',') !== -1 || item.indexOf('"') !== -1)) {
        item = '"' + item.replace(/"/g, '""') + '"';

document.getElementById('out').innerHTML = line.join(',');


Basically all it does is check if the string contains a comma or quote. If it does, then it doubles all the quotes, and puts quotes on the ends. Then it joins each of the parts with a comma.


Papa Parse (browser based) handles commas in values and other edge cases. Use Baby Parse for Node.

Eg. (node)

const csvParser = require('babyparse');
var arr = [1,null,"a,b"] ;
var csv = csvParser.unparse([arr]) ;
console.log(csv) ;


var arr = ["Pro1", "Pro2", "Pro3"];
console.log(arr.join());// Pro1,Pro2,Pro3
console.log(arr.join(', '));// Pro1, Pro2, Pro3
var array = ["Zero", "One", "Two"];
var s = array + [];
console.log(s); // => Zero,One,Two

As of Chrome 72, it's possible to use Intl.ListFormat:

const vehicles = ['Motorcycle', 'Bus', 'Car'];

const formatter = new Intl.ListFormat('en', { style: 'long', type: 'conjunction' });
// expected output: "Motorcycle, Bus, and Car"

const formatter2 = new Intl.ListFormat('de', { style: 'short', type: 'disjunction' });
// expected output: "Motorcycle, Bus oder Car"

const formatter3 = new Intl.ListFormat('en', { style: 'narrow', type: 'unit' });
// expected output: "Motorcycle Bus Car"

Please note that this way is in its very earlier stage, so as of the date of posting this answer, expect incompatibility with older versions of Chrome and other browsers.


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