What's the best way to retry an AJAX request on failure using jQuery?

Pseudo code:

$(document).ajaxError(function(e, xhr, options, error) {
  xhr.retry()
})

Even better would be some kind of exponential back-off

Answers:

Answer

One approach is to use a wrapper function:

(function runAjax(retries, delay){
  delay = delay || 1000;
  $.ajax({
    type        : 'GET',
    url         : '',
    dataType    : 'json',
    contentType : 'application/json'
  })
  .fail(function(){
    console.log(retries); // prrint retry count
    retries > 0 && setTimeout(function(){
        runAjax(--retries);
    },delay);
  })
})(3, 100);

Another approach would be to use a retries property on the $.ajax

// define ajax settings
var ajaxSettings = {
  type        : 'GET',
  url         : '',
  dataType    : 'json',
  contentType : 'application/json',
  retries     : 3  //                 <-----------------------
};

// run initial ajax
$.ajax(ajaxSettings).fail(onFail)

// on fail, retry by creating a new Ajax deferred
function onFail(){
  if( ajaxSettings.retries-- > 0 )
    setTimeout(function(){
        $.ajax(ajaxSettings).fail(onFail);
    }, 1000);
}

Another way (GIST) - override original $.ajax (better for DRY)

// enhance the original "$.ajax" with a retry mechanism 
$.ajax = (($oldAjax) => {
  // on fail, retry by creating a new Ajax deferred
  function check(a,b,c){
    var shouldRetry = b != 'success' && b != 'parsererror';
    if( shouldRetry && --this.retries > 0 )
      setTimeout(() => { $.ajax(this) }, this.retryInterval || 100);
  }

  return settings => $oldAjax(settings).always(check)
})($.ajax);



// now we can use the "retries" property if we need to retry on fail
$.ajax({
    type          : 'GET',
    url           : 'http://www.whatever123.gov',
    timeout       : 2000,
    retries       : 3,     //       <-------- Optional
    retryInterval : 2000   //       <-------- Optional
})
// Problem: "fail" will only be called once, and not for each retry
.fail(()=>{
  console.log('failed') 
});

A point to consider is making sure the $.ajax method wasn't already wrapped previously, in order to avoid the same code running twice.


You can copy-paste these snippets (as-is) to the console to test them

Answer

Here is a small plugin for this:

https://github.com/execjosh/jquery-ajax-retry

Auto incrementing timeout would be a good addition to it.

To use it globally just create your own function with $.ajax signature, use there retry api and replace all your $.ajax calls by your new function.

Also you could directly replace $.ajax, but you will not be able to make xhr calls without retry then.

Answer

DemoUsers's answer doesn't work with Zepto, since this in the error function is pointing to Window. (And that way of using 'this' is not secure enough as you don't know how they implement ajax or no need to.)

For Zepto, maybe you could try below, till now it works well for me:

var AjaxRetry = function(retryLimit) {
  this.retryLimit = typeof retryLimit === 'number' ? retryLimit : 0;
  this.tryCount = 0;
  this.params = null;
};
AjaxRetry.prototype.request = function(params, errorCallback) {
  this.tryCount = 0;
  var self = this;
  params.error = function(xhr, textStatus, error) {
    if (textStatus === 'timeout') {
      self.tryCount ++;
      if (self.tryCount <= self.retryLimit) {
        $.ajax(self.params)      
        return;
      }
    }
    errorCallback && errorCallback(xhr, textStatus, error);
  };
  this.params = params;
  $.ajax(this.params);
};
//send an ajax request
new AjaxRetry(2).request(params, function(){});

Use constructor to make sure request is reentrant!

Answer

Your code is almost full :)

const counter = 0;
$(document).ajaxSuccess(function ( event, xhr, settings ) {
    counter = 0;
}).ajaxError(function ( event, jqxhr, settings, thrownError ) {
    if (counter === 0 /*any thing else you want to check ie && jqxhr.status === 401*/) {
        ++counter;
        $.ajax(settings);
    }
});
Answer

Something like this:


$.ajax({
    url : 'someurl',
    type : 'POST',
    data :  ....,   
    tryCount : 0,
    retryLimit : 3,
    success : function(json) {
        //do something
    },
    error : function(xhr, textStatus, errorThrown ) {
        if (textStatus == 'timeout') {
            this.tryCount++;
            if (this.tryCount <= this.retryLimit) {
                //try again
                $.ajax(this);
                return;
            }            
            return;
        }
        if (xhr.status == 500) {
            //handle error
        } else {
            //handle error
        }
    }
});
Answer

I've had a lot of success with this code below (example: http://jsfiddle.net/uZSFK/)

$.ajaxSetup({
    timeout: 3000, 
    retryAfter:7000
});

function func( param ){
    $.ajax( 'http://www.example.com/' )
        .success( function() {
            console.log( 'Ajax request worked' );
        })
        .error(function() {
            console.log( 'Ajax request failed...' );
            setTimeout ( function(){ func( param ) }, $.ajaxSetup().retryAfter );
        });
}
Answer

None of these answers work if somebody calls .done() after their ajax call because you won't have the success method to attach to the future call back. So if somebody does this:

$.ajax({...someoptions...}).done(mySuccessFunc);

Then mySuccessFunc won't get called on the retry. Here's my solution, which is heavily borrowed from @cjpak's answer here. In my case I want to retry when AWS's API Gateway responds with 502 error.

const RETRY_WAIT = [10 * 1000, 5 * 1000, 2 * 1000];

// This is what tells JQuery to retry $.ajax requests
// Ideas for this borrowed from https://stackoverflow.com/a/12446363/491553
$.ajaxPrefilter(function(opts, originalOpts, jqXHR) {
  if(opts.retryCount === undefined) {
    opts.retryCount = 3;
  }

  // Our own deferred object to handle done/fail callbacks
  let dfd = $.Deferred();

  // If the request works, return normally
  jqXHR.done(dfd.resolve);

  // If the request fails, retry a few times, yet still resolve
  jqXHR.fail((xhr, textStatus, errorThrown) => {
    console.log("Caught error: " + JSON.stringify(xhr) + ", textStatus: " + textStatus + ", errorThrown: " + errorThrown);
    if (xhr && xhr.readyState === 0 && xhr.status === 0 && xhr.statusText === "error") {
      // API Gateway gave up.  Let's retry.
      if (opts.retryCount-- > 0) {
        let retryWait = RETRY_WAIT[opts.retryCount];
        console.log("Retrying after waiting " + retryWait + " ms...");
        setTimeout(() => {
          // Retry with a copied originalOpts with retryCount.
          let newOpts = $.extend({}, originalOpts, {
            retryCount: opts.retryCount
          });
          $.ajax(newOpts).done(dfd.resolve);
        }, retryWait);
      } else {
        alert("Cannot reach the server.  Please check your internet connection and then try again.");
      }
    } else {
      defaultFailFunction(xhr, textStatus, errorThrown); // or you could call dfd.reject if your users call $.ajax().fail()
    }
  });

  // NOW override the jqXHR's promise functions with our deferred
  return dfd.promise(jqXHR);
});

This snippet will back-off and retry after 2 seconds, then 5 seconds, then 10 seconds, which you can edit by modifying the RETRY_WAIT constant.

AWS support suggested we add a retry, since it happens for us only once in a blue moon.

Answer

Here's the method that worked for me for asynchronous loading of libraries:

var jqOnError = function(xhr, textStatus, errorThrown ) {
    if (typeof this.tryCount !== "number") {
      this.tryCount = 1;
    }
    if (textStatus === 'timeout') {
      if (this.tryCount < 3) {  /* hardcoded number */
        this.tryCount++;
        //try again
        $.ajax(this);
        return;
      }
      return;
    }
    if (xhr.status === 500) {
        //handle error
    } else {
        //handle error
    }
};

jQuery.loadScript = function (name, url, callback) {
  if(jQuery[name]){
    callback;
  } else {
    jQuery.ajax({
      name: name,
      url: url,
      dataType: 'script',
      success: callback,
      async: true,
      timeout: 5000, /* hardcoded number (5 sec) */
      error : jqOnError
    });
  }
}

Then just call .load_script from your app and nest your success callback:

$.loadScript('maps', '//maps.google.com/maps/api/js?v=3.23&libraries=geometry&libraries=places&language=&hl=&region=', function(){
    initialize_map();
    loadListeners();
});

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