Workaround to add className to Fragment in React

I am trying to create a stateless component in React with the sole purpose of acting as a reusable wrapper. I am also using CSS Modules because I want to have fully modular CSS.

The thing is I don't want to add unnecessary elements (and even more so <div>s), but instead I want to use React's Fragments.

Now, the problem I have is Fragment (at least for now) do not accept classNames. So if I try this:

// In Wrapper.js:

import React, { Fragment } from 'react'
import styles from './Wrapper.css'

const wrapper = (props) => (
    <Fragment className={styles.wrapper}>

export default wrapper

In (for example) Navbar.js:

import React from 'react'
import styles from './Navbar.css'
import Wrapper from '../../Layout/Wrapper'

const navBar = (props) => (
    <nav className={styles.navBar}>
            This is the site's main navigation bar.

export default navBar

Now I can of course, use a div instead of the Fragment, but is there any other workaround to avoid using unnecessary markup, of which I am totally unaware at this hour of the night? :)

Thanks in advance for any insight, recommendation, correction, or any other form of help!



Fragments let you group a list of children without adding extra nodes to the DOM. -

What Fragments tries to solve its the unnecessary dom elements but this doesn't mean that Fragments will replace div entirely. If you need to add a className there, its clearl that either you add a dom element in this case another div or add the class to its parent.


Using Fragment means not adding an extra node to DOM.

If you want to assign a className to a node then you'll have to use div.


So the only thing the Wrapper / Fragment does is acting as a CSS wrapper over the children of nav?

I am not very experienced with css-modules, but if I wanted to avoid an extra DOM node just for the className I'd use something like this to get both classNames applied to <nav>:

import React from 'react'
import navStyles from './Navbar.css'
import wrapperStyles from './Wrapper.css'

const navBar = (props) => (
    <nav className={`${navStyles.navBar} ${wrapperStyles.wrapper}`}>
       This is the site's main navigation bar.

export default navBar
  1. Create a css file and import it inside your App.js
  2. Create a higher order component withClass.js like below

    import React from  'react';
    const withClass = (WrappedComponent, className) => {
        return props => (
            <div className={className}>
                <WrappedComponent {...props} />
    export default withClass;

  1. Import your hoc too.
  2. In your App.js write something like below

        <p>Some JSX code here</p>
    export default withClass(App, classes.App);

I created .App class inside my css file and imported it so that i can use it later with classes.App. This way you can apply any css class that you create inside your css.You can use the same wrapperComponent to wrap every component you have, by simply importing it and changing export in your component. You just have to make classname of your choice and use it in export statement of your component. When you write props with spread operator(...). All the props from your component will be passed to this wrapperComponent.

PS : English is not my native language so I am not good at explaining but this code will do the trick. Would appreciate a moderator taking look into my explanation.


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