Sending binary data in javascript over HTTP

I'm trying to send a HTTP POST to a device on my network. I want to send four specific bytes of data to the device unfortunately I only seem to be able to send strings to the device. Is there anyway to send raw binary using javascript?

Here's the script I'm using to do the POST, it currently doesn't run unless I put a string in the data field. Any ideas?

(function ($) {
   $.ajax({
      url: '<IP of Address>',
      type: 'POST',
      contentType: 'application/octet-stream',

      //data:'253,0,128,1',
      data:0xFD008001,

      crossDomain: true
   });
})(jQuery);

Answers:

Answer

By default, jQuery serializes the data (passed in data property) - and it means 0xFD008001 number gets passed to the server as '4244668417' string (10 bytes, not 4), that's why the server treats it not as expected.

It's necessary to prevent such behaviour by setting $.ajax property processData to false:

By default, data passed in to the data option as an object (technically, anything other than a string) will be processed and transformed into a query string, fitting to the default content-type "application/x-www-form-urlencoded". If you want to send a DOMDocument, or other non-processed data, set this option to false.

... but that's only part of the whole story: XMLHttpRequest.send implementation has its own restrictions. That's why your best bet, I suppose, is to make your own serializer using TypedArrays:

// Since we deal with Firefox and Chrome only 
var bytesToSend = [253, 0, 128, 1],
    bytesArray = new Uint8Array(bytesToSend);

$.ajax({
   url: '%your_service_url%',
   type: 'POST',
   contentType: 'application/octet-stream',  
   data: bytesArray,
   processData: false
});

Or without using jQuery at all:

var bytesToSend = [253, 0, 128, 1],
    bytesArray = new Uint8Array(bytesToSend);

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('POST', '%your_service_url%');
xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/octet-stream');
xhr.send(bytesArray);
Answer

You can send binary data via ajax with xhr2, you can send the data as a typed array or a blob.

(function ($) {
   var data = new Uint32Array(1);
   data[0] = 0xFD008001; 
   $.ajax({
      url: '<IP of Address>',
      type: 'POST',
      contentType: false,
      processData: false,
      //data:'253,0,128,1',
      data:data,

      crossDomain: true
   });
})(jQuery);

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Uint32Array

Answer

You could use atob() and btoa():

var data = new Uint32Array(1);
data[0] = 0xFD008001;
atob(data)

This converts your binary data into a base64 string that can be sent as text.

Answer

You can convert your data with type of ArrayBuffer to a ArrayBufferView like this:

var fileContent = new DataView(<ArrayBuffer_data>);

With this you wont get a warning in the console when sending fileContent.

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