Click events on Pie Charts in Chart.js

I've got a question regard Chart.js.

I've drawn multiple piecharts using the documentation provided. I was wondering if on click of a certain slice of one of the charts, I can make an ajax call depending on the value of that slice?

For example, if this is my data

var data = [
    {
        value: 300,
        color:"#F7464A",
        highlight: "#FF5A5E",
        label: "Red"
    },
    {
        value: 50,
        color: "#46BFBD",
        highlight: "#5AD3D1",
        label: "Green"
    },
    {
        value: 100,
        color: "#FDB45C",
        highlight: "#FFC870",
        label: "Yellow"
    }
], 

is it possible for me to click on the Red labelled slice and call a url of the following form: example.com?label=red&value=300? If yes, how do I go about this?

Answers:

Answer

Update: As @Soham Shetty comments, getSegmentsAtEvent(event) only works for 1.x and for 2.x getElementsAtEvent should be used.

.getElementsAtEvent(e)

Looks for the element under the event point, then returns all elements at the same data index. This is used internally for 'label' mode highlighting.

Calling getElementsAtEvent(event) on your Chart instance passing an argument of an event, or jQuery event, will return the point elements that are at that the same position of that event.

canvas.onclick = function(evt){
    var activePoints = myLineChart.getElementsAtEvent(evt);
    // => activePoints is an array of points on the canvas that are at the same position as the click event.
};

Example: https://jsfiddle.net/u1szh96g/208/


Original answer (valid for Chart.js 1.x version):

You can achieve this using getSegmentsAtEvent(event)

Calling getSegmentsAtEvent(event) on your Chart instance passing an argument of an event, or jQuery event, will return the segment elements that are at that the same position of that event.

From: Prototype Methods

So you can do:

$("#myChart").click( 
    function(evt){
        var activePoints = myNewChart.getSegmentsAtEvent(evt);           
        /* do something */
    }
);  

Here is a full working example:

<html>
    <head>
        <script type="text/javascript" src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.0.2.js"></script>
        <script type="text/javascript" src="Chart.js"></script>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            var data = [
                {
                    value: 300,
                    color:"#F7464A",
                    highlight: "#FF5A5E",
                    label: "Red"
                },
                {
                    value: 50,
                    color: "#46BFBD",
                    highlight: "#5AD3D1",
                    label: "Green"
                },
                {
                    value: 100,
                    color: "#FDB45C",
                    highlight: "#FFC870",
                    label: "Yellow"
                }
            ];

            $(document).ready( 
                function () {
                    var ctx = document.getElementById("myChart").getContext("2d");
                    var myNewChart = new Chart(ctx).Pie(data);

                    $("#myChart").click( 
                        function(evt){
                            var activePoints = myNewChart.getSegmentsAtEvent(evt);
                            var url = "http://example.com/?label=" + activePoints[0].label + "&value=" + activePoints[0].value;
                            alert(url);
                        }
                    );                  
                }
            );
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <canvas id="myChart" width="400" height="400"></canvas>
    </body>
</html>
Answer

Using Chart.JS version 2.1.3, answers older than this one aren't valid anymore. Using getSegmentsAtEvent(event) method will output on console this message:

getSegmentsAtEvent is not a function

So i think it must be removed. I didn't read any changelog to be honest. To resolve that, just use getElementsAtEvent(event) method, as it can be found on the Docs.

Below it can be found the script to obtain effectively clicked slice label and value. Note that also retrieving label and value is slightly different.

var ctx = document.getElementById("chart-area").getContext("2d");
var chart = new Chart(ctx, config);

document.getElementById("chart-area").onclick = function(evt)
{   
    var activePoints = chart.getElementsAtEvent(evt);

    if(activePoints.length > 0)
    {
      //get the internal index of slice in pie chart
      var clickedElementindex = activePoints[0]["_index"];

      //get specific label by index 
      var label = chart.data.labels[clickedElementindex];

      //get value by index      
      var value = chart.data.datasets[0].data[clickedElementindex];

      /* other stuff that requires slice's label and value */
   }
}

Hope it helps.

Answer

Chart.js 2.0 has made this even easier.

You can find it under common chart configuration in the documentation. Should work on more then pie graphs.

options:{
    onClick: graphClickEvent
}

function graphClickEvent(event, array){
    if(array[0]){
        foo.bar; 
    }
}

It triggers on the entire chart, but if you click on a pie the model of that pie including index which can be used to get the value.

Answer

Working fine chartJs sector onclick

ChartJS : pie Chart - Add options "onclick"

              options: {
                    legend: {
                        display: false
                    },
                    'onClick' : function (evt, item) {
                        console.log ('legend onClick', evt);
                        console.log('legd item', item);
                    }
                }
Answer

I was facing the same issues since several days, Today i have found the solution. I have shown the complete file which is ready to execute.

<html>
<head><script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/Chart.js/2.7.2/Chart.js">
</script>
</head>
<body>
<canvas id="myChart" width="200" height="200"></canvas>
<script>
var ctx = document.getElementById("myChart").getContext('2d');
var myChart = new Chart(ctx, {
type: 'bar',
data: {
    labels: ["Red", "Blue", "Yellow", "Green", "Purple", "Orange"],
    datasets: [{
        label: '# of Votes',
        data: [12, 19, 3, 5, 2, 3],
        backgroundColor: [
            'rgba(255, 99, 132, 0.2)',
            'rgba(54, 162, 235, 0.2)',
            'rgba(255, 206, 86, 0.2)',
            'rgba(75, 192, 192, 0.2)',
            'rgba(153, 102, 255, 0.2)',
            'rgba(255, 159, 64, 0.2)'
        ],
        borderColor: [
            'rgba(255,99,132,1)',
            'rgba(54, 162, 235, 1)',
            'rgba(255, 206, 86, 1)',
            'rgba(75, 192, 192, 1)',
            'rgba(153, 102, 255, 1)',
            'rgba(255, 159, 64, 1)'
        ],
        borderWidth: 1
    }]
},
options: {
    scales: {
        yAxes: [{
            ticks: {
                beginAtZero:true
            }
        }]
    },
onClick:function(e){
    var activePoints = myChart.getElementsAtEvent(e);
    var selectedIndex = activePoints[0]._index;
    alert(this.data.datasets[0].data[selectedIndex]);


}
}
});
</script>
</body>
</html>
Answer

If using a Donught Chart, and you want to prevent user to trigger your event on click inside the empty space around your chart circles, you can use the following alternative :

var myDoughnutChart = new Chart(ctx).Doughnut(data);

document.getElementById("myChart").onclick = function(evt){
    var activePoints = myDoughnutChart.getSegmentsAtEvent(evt);

    /* this is where we check if event has keys which means is not empty space */       
    if(Object.keys(activePoints).length > 0)
    {
        var label = activePoints[0]["label"];
        var value = activePoints[0]["value"];
        var url = "http://example.com/?label=" + label + "&value=" + value
        /* process your url ... */
    }
};
Answer

To successfully track click events and on what graph element the user clicked, I did the following in my .js file I set up the following variables:

vm.chartOptions = {
    onClick: function(event, array) {
        let element = this.getElementAtEvent(event);
        if (element.length > 0) {
            var series= element[0]._model.datasetLabel;
            var label = element[0]._model.label;
            var value = this.data.datasets[element[0]._datasetIndex].data[element[0]._index];
        }
    }
};
vm.graphSeries = ["Series 1", "Serries 2"];
vm.chartLabels = ["07:00", "08:00", "09:00", "10:00"];
vm.chartData = [ [ 20, 30, 25, 15 ], [ 5, 10, 100, 20 ] ];

Then in my .html file I setup the graph as follows:

<canvas id="releaseByHourBar" 
    class="chart chart-bar"
    chart-data="vm.graphData"
    chart-labels="vm.graphLabels" 
    chart-series="vm.graphSeries"
    chart-options="vm.chartOptions">
</canvas>
Answer

If you are using TypeScript, the code is a little funky because there is no type inference, but this works to get the index of the data that has been supplied to the chart: // events public chartClicked(e:any):void { //console.log(e);

    try {
        console.log('DS ' + e.active['0']._datasetIndex);
        console.log('ID ' +  e.active['0']._index);
        console.log('Label: ' + this.doughnutChartLabels[e.active['0']._index]);
        console.log('Value: ' + this.doughnutChartData[e.active['0']._index]);


    } catch (error) {
        console.log("Error In LoadTopGraph", error);
    }

    try {
        console.log(e[0].active);
    } catch (error) {
        //console.log("Error In LoadTopGraph", error);
    }



}
Answer
  var ctx = document.getElementById('pie-chart').getContext('2d');
 var myPieChart = new Chart(ctx, {
                // The type of chart we want to create
                type: 'pie',

            });

             //define click event
  $("#pie-chart").click(
            function (evt) {
                var activePoints = myPieChart.getElementsAtEvent(evt);
                var labeltag = activePoints[0]._view.label;

                      });
Answer

Within options place your onclick and call the function you need as an example the ajax you need, I'll leave the example so that every click on a point tells you the value and you can use it in your new function.

    options: {
        plugins: {
            // Change options for ALL labels of THIS CHART
            datalabels: {
                color: 'white',
                //backgroundColor:'#ffce00',
                align: 'start'
            }
        },
        scales: {
            yAxes: [{
                ticks: {
                    beginAtZero:true,
                    fontColor: "white"
                },gridLines: {
                        color: 'rgba(255,255,255,0.1)',
                        display: true
                    }
            }],
            xAxes: [{
                ticks: {
                    fontColor: "white"
                },gridLines: {                        
                        display: false
                    }
            }]
        },
        legend: {
        display: false

    },
    //onClick: abre     
        onClick:function(e){ 
    var activePoints = myChart.getElementsAtEvent(e); 
    var selectedIndex = activePoints[0]._index; 
    alert(this.data.datasets[0].data[selectedIndex]); 


} 
    }

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