return value after a promise [duplicate]

I have a javascript function where I want to return the value that I get after the return method. Easier to see than explain

function getValue(file){
    var val;
    lookupValue(file).then(function(res){
       val = res.val;
    }
    return val;
}

What is the best way to do this with a promise. As I understand it, the return val will return before the lookupValue has done it's then, but the I can't return res.val as that is only returning from the inner function.

Answers:

Answer

Use a pattern along these lines:

function getValue(file) {
  return lookupValue(file);
}

getValue('myFile.txt').then(function(res) {
  // do whatever with res here
});

(although this is a bit redundant, I'm sure your actual code is more complicated)

Answer

The best way to do this would be to use the promise returning function as it is, like this

lookupValue(file).then(function(res) {
    // Write the code which depends on the `res.val`, here
});

The function which invokes an asynchronous function cannot wait till the async function returns a value. Because, it just invokes the async function and executes the rest of the code in it. So, when an async function returns a value, it will not be received by the same function which invoked it.

So, the general idea is to write the code which depends on the return value of an async function, in the async function itself.

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.