How To Get Font Size in HTML

I was reading a question on here trying to get the font size of a text. The answer they gave was to get the pixel size using a measure method. All i want to be able to do is get the font size value so i can change it.

For example:

var x = document.getElementById("foo").style.fontSize;
document.getElementById("foo").style.fontSize = x + 1;

This example does not work though these two do

  1. document.getElementById("foo").style.fontSize = "larger";
  2. document.getElementById("foo").style.fontSize = "smaller";

The only problem is that it only changes the size once.

Answers:

Answer

Just grabbing the style.fontSize of an element may not work. If the font-size is defined by a stylesheet, this will report "" (empty string).

You should use window.getComputedStyle.

var el = document.getElementById('foo');
var style = window.getComputedStyle(el, null).getPropertyValue('font-size');
var fontSize = parseFloat(style); 
// now you have a proper float for the font size (yes, it can be a float, not just an integer)
el.style.fontSize = (fontSize + 1) + 'px';
Answer

If your element don't have font-size property your code will return empty string. Its not necessary that your element should have font-size property. The element can inherit the properties from parent elements.

In this case you need to find the computed font-size. Try this (not sure about IE)

var computedFontSize = window.getComputedStyle(document.getElementById("foo")).fontSize;

console.log(computedFontSize);

The variable computedFontSize will return with the font size with unit. Unit can be px, em, %. You need to strip out the unit to do an arithmetic operation and assign the new value.

Answer

The value that you are getting from fontSize is something like "12px" or "1.5em", so adding 1 to that string will result in "12px1" or "1.5em1". You can take the font size and manipulate it with:

var fontSize = parseInt(x);
fontSize = fontSize + 1 + "px";
document.getElementById("foo").style.fontSize = fontSize;
Answer

Try this it would definately help you in determining the font size

var elem = document.createElement('div');
var t=document.createTextNode('M')
elem.appendChild(t);
document.body.appendChild(elem);

var myfontSize = getStyle(elem,"fontSize")
alert(myfontSize)
document.body.removeChild(elem);

function getStyle(elem,prop){
if (elem.currentStyle) {
var res= elem.currentStyle.margin;
} else if (window.getComputedStyle) {
if (window.getComputedStyle.getPropertyValue){
var res= window.getComputedStyle(elem, null).getPropertyValue(prop)}
else{var res =window.getComputedStyle(elem)[prop] };
}
return res;
}

we can further use getter and setter to determine if fontsize is changed afterwards by any peice of code

Answer
  1. if the html element has inline style, you can using the .style.fontSize to get the font-size!
  2. when the html element doesn't has inline style, you have to using the Window.getComputedStyle() function to get the font-size!

here is my demo codes!

function tureFunc() {
    alert(document.getElementById("fp").style.fontSize);
    console.log(`fontSize = ${document.getElementById("fp").style.fontSize}`);
}
function falseFunc() {
    alert( false ? document.getElementById("fh").style.fontSize : "check the consloe!");
    console.log(`fontSize = ${document.getElementById("fh").style.fontSize}`);
}
function getTheStyle(){
    let elem = document.getElementById("elem-container");
    let fontSize = window.getComputedStyle(elem,null).getPropertyValue("font-size");
    // font-size !=== fontSize
    console.log(`fontSize = ${fontSize}`);
	   alert(fontSize);
    document.getElementById("output").innerHTML = fontSize;
}
// getTheStyle();
<p id="fp" style="font-size:120%">
    This is a paragraph.
    <mark>inline style : <code>style="font-size:120%"</code></mark>
</p>
<button type="button" onclick="tureFunc()">Return fontSize</button>
<h3 id="fh">
    This is a H3. <mark>browser defualt value</mark>
</h3>
<button type="button" onclick="falseFunc()">Not Return fontSize</button>
<div id="elem-container">
<mark>window.getComputedStyle & .getPropertyValue("font-size");</mark><br/>
<button type="button" onclick="getTheStyle()">Return font-size</button>
</div>
<div id="output"></div>

reference links:

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Window/getComputedStyle

Answer

Making it work for every case

Sometimes (when using media queries for instance) the above answers don't work, here is how to achieve it anyway:

const fontSize = window.getComputedStyle(el).fontSize
Answer

If you are using Jquery than following is the solution.

var fontSize = $("#foo").css("fontSize");
fontSize  = parseInt(fontSize) + 1 + "px";
$("#foo").css("fontSize", fontSize );

Hope this will work.

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