How to add text inside the doughnut chart using Chart.js?

How to render Text inside the doughnut chart, I am using ChartJs.

Answers:

Answer

You have to modify the code like: in chart.Doughnut.defaults

labelFontFamily : "Arial",
labelFontStyle : "normal",
labelFontSize : 24,
labelFontColor : "#666"

and then in function drawPieSegments

ctx.fillText(data[0].value + "%", width/2 - 20, width/2, 200);

See this pull: https://github.com/nnnick/Chart.js/pull/35

here is a fiddle http://jsfiddle.net/mayankcpdixit/6xV78/ implementing the same.

Answer

None of the other answers resize the text based off the amount of text and the size of the doughnut. Here is a small script you can use to dynamically place any amount of text in the middle, and it will automatically resize it. http://jsfiddle.net/nkzyx50o/

Doughnut With Dynamic Text in the Middle

It will take any amount of text in the doughnut sized perfect for the doughnut. To avoid touching the edges you can set a side-padding as a percentage of the diameter of the inside of the circle. If you don't set it, it will default to 20. You also the color, the font, and the text. The plugin takes care of the rest.

The plugin code will start with a base font size of 30px. From there it will check the width of the text and compare it against the radius of the circle and resize it based off the circle/text width ratio.

This is the plugin code

 Chart.pluginService.register({
  beforeDraw: function (chart) {
    if (chart.config.options.elements.center) {
      //Get ctx from string
      var ctx = chart.chart.ctx;

      //Get options from the center object in options
      var centerConfig = chart.config.options.elements.center;
      var fontStyle = centerConfig.fontStyle || 'Arial';
      var txt = centerConfig.text;
      var color = centerConfig.color || '#000';
      var sidePadding = centerConfig.sidePadding || 20;
      var sidePaddingCalculated = (sidePadding/100) * (chart.innerRadius * 2)
      //Start with a base font of 30px
      ctx.font = "30px " + fontStyle;

      //Get the width of the string and also the width of the element minus 10 to give it 5px side padding
      var stringWidth = ctx.measureText(txt).width;
      var elementWidth = (chart.innerRadius * 2) - sidePaddingCalculated;

      // Find out how much the font can grow in width.
      var widthRatio = elementWidth / stringWidth;
      var newFontSize = Math.floor(30 * widthRatio);
      var elementHeight = (chart.innerRadius * 2);

      // Pick a new font size so it will not be larger than the height of label.
      var fontSizeToUse = Math.min(newFontSize, elementHeight);

      //Set font settings to draw it correctly.
      ctx.textAlign = 'center';
      ctx.textBaseline = 'middle';
      var centerX = ((chart.chartArea.left + chart.chartArea.right) / 2);
      var centerY = ((chart.chartArea.top + chart.chartArea.bottom) / 2);
      ctx.font = fontSizeToUse+"px " + fontStyle;
      ctx.fillStyle = color;

      //Draw text in center
      ctx.fillText(txt, centerX, centerY);
    }
  }
});

And you use the following options in your chart object

options: {
  elements: {
      center: {
      text: 'Desktop',
      color: '#36A2EB', //Default black
      fontStyle: 'Helvetica', //Default Arial
      sidePadding: 15 //Default 20 (as a percentage)
    }
  }
}

Credit to @Jenna Sloan for help with the math used in this solution.

Answer

Here is cleaned up and combined example of above solutions - responsive (try to resize the window), supports animation self-aligning, supports tooltips

https://jsfiddle.net/cmyker/u6rr5moq/

Chart.types.Doughnut.extend({
    name: "DoughnutTextInside",
    showTooltip: function() {
        this.chart.ctx.save();
        Chart.types.Doughnut.prototype.showTooltip.apply(this, arguments);
        this.chart.ctx.restore();
    },
    draw: function() {
        Chart.types.Doughnut.prototype.draw.apply(this, arguments);

        var width = this.chart.width,
            height = this.chart.height;

        var fontSize = (height / 114).toFixed(2);
        this.chart.ctx.font = fontSize + "em Verdana";
        this.chart.ctx.textBaseline = "middle";

        var text = "82%",
            textX = Math.round((width - this.chart.ctx.measureText(text).width) / 2),
            textY = height / 2;

        this.chart.ctx.fillText(text, textX, textY);
    }
});

var data = [{
    value: 30,
    color: "#F7464A"
}, {
    value: 50,
    color: "#E2EAE9"
}, {
    value: 100,
    color: "#D4CCC5"
}, {
    value: 40,
    color: "#949FB1"
}, {
    value: 120,
    color: "#4D5360"
}];

var DoughnutTextInsideChart = new Chart($('#myChart')[0].getContext('2d')).DoughnutTextInside(data, {
    responsive: true
});
<html>
<script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/Chart.js/1.0.2/Chart.min.js"></script>
<body>
    <canvas id="myChart"></canvas>
</body>
</html>

UPDATE 17.06.16:

Same functionality but for chart.js version 2:

https://jsfiddle.net/cmyker/ooxdL2vj/

var data = {
  labels: [
    "Red",
    "Blue",
    "Yellow"
  ],
  datasets: [
    {
      data: [300, 50, 100],
      backgroundColor: [
        "#FF6384",
        "#36A2EB",
        "#FFCE56"
      ],
      hoverBackgroundColor: [
        "#FF6384",
        "#36A2EB",
        "#FFCE56"
      ]
    }]
};

Chart.pluginService.register({
  beforeDraw: function(chart) {
    var width = chart.chart.width,
        height = chart.chart.height,
        ctx = chart.chart.ctx;

    ctx.restore();
    var fontSize = (height / 114).toFixed(2);
    ctx.font = fontSize + "em sans-serif";
    ctx.textBaseline = "middle";

    var text = "75%",
        textX = Math.round((width - ctx.measureText(text).width) / 2),
        textY = height / 2;

    ctx.fillText(text, textX, textY);
    ctx.save();
  }
});

var chart = new Chart(document.getElementById('myChart'), {
  type: 'doughnut',
  data: data,
  options: {
  	responsive: true,
    legend: {
      display: false
    }
  }
});
<script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/Chart.js/2.1.6/Chart.bundle.js"></script>
<canvas id="myChart"></canvas>

Answer

I'd avoid modifying the chart.js code to accomplish this, since it's pretty easy with regular CSS and HTML. Here's my solution:

HTML:

<canvas id="productChart1" width="170"></canvas>
<div class="donut-inner">
    <h5>47 / 60 st</h5>
    <span>(30 / 25 st)</span>
</div>

CSS:

.donut-inner {
   margin-top: -100px;
   margin-bottom: 100px;
}
.donut-inner h5 {
   margin-bottom: 5px;
   margin-top: 0;
}
.donut-inner span {
   font-size: 12px;
}

The output looks like this:

enter image description here

Answer

This is also working at my end...

<div style="width: 100px; height: 100px; float: left; position: relative;">
<div style="width: 100%; height: 40px; position: absolute; top: 50%; left: 0; margin-top: -20px; line-height:19px; text-align: center; z-index: 999999999999999">
    99%<Br />
    Total 
</div>
<canvas id="chart-area" width="100" height="100" />

enter image description here

Answer

Base on @rap-2-h answer,Here the code for using text on doughnut chart on Chart.js for using in dashboard like. It has dynamic font-size for responsive option.

HTML:

<div>text
<canvas id="chart-area" width="300" height="300" style="border:1px solid"/><div>

Script:

var doughnutData = [
            {
                value: 100,
                color:"#F7464A",
                highlight: "#FF5A5E",
                label: "Red"
            },
            {
                value: 50,
                color: "#CCCCCC",
                highlight: "#5AD3D1",
                label: "Green"
            }
        ];

$(document).ready(function(){
  var ctx = $('#chart-area').get(0).getContext("2d");

  var myDoughnut = new Chart(ctx).Doughnut(doughnutData,{
     animation:true,
     responsive: true,
     showTooltips: false,
     percentageInnerCutout : 70,
     segmentShowStroke : false,
     onAnimationComplete: function() {

     var canvasWidthvar = $('#chart-area').width();
     var canvasHeight = $('#chart-area').height();
     //this constant base on canvasHeight / 2.8em
     var constant = 114;
     var fontsize = (canvasHeight/constant).toFixed(2);
     ctx.font=fontsize +"em Verdana";
     ctx.textBaseline="middle"; 
     var total = 0;
     $.each(doughnutData,function() {
       total += parseInt(this.value,10);
   });
  var tpercentage = ((doughnutData[0].value/total)*100).toFixed(2)+"%";
  var textWidth = ctx.measureText(tpercentage).width;

   var txtPosx = Math.round((canvasWidthvar - textWidth)/2);
    ctx.fillText(tpercentage, txtPosx, canvasHeight/2);
  }
 });
});

Here the sample code.try to resize the window. http://jsbin.com/wapono/13/edit

Answer

You can also paste mayankcpdixit's code in onAnimationComplete option :

// ...
var myDoughnutChart = new Chart(ctx).Doughnut(data, {
    onAnimationComplete: function() {
        ctx.fillText(data[0].value + "%", 100 - 20, 100, 200);
    }
});

Text will be shown after animation

Answer

You can use css with relative/absolute positioning if you want it responsive. Plus it can handle easily the multi-line.

https://jsfiddle.net/mgyp0jkk/

<div class="relative">
  <canvas id="myChart"></canvas>      
  <div class="absolute-center text-center">
    <p>Some text</p>
    <p>Some text</p>
  </div>
</div>
Answer

I create a demo with 7 jQueryUI Slider and ChartJs (with dynamic text inside)

Chart.types.Doughnut.extend({
        name: "DoughnutTextInside",
        showTooltip: function() {
            this.chart.ctx.save();
            Chart.types.Doughnut.prototype.showTooltip.apply(this, arguments);
            this.chart.ctx.restore();
        },
        draw: function() {
            Chart.types.Doughnut.prototype.draw.apply(this, arguments);

            var width = this.chart.width,
                height = this.chart.height;

            var fontSize = (height / 140).toFixed(2);
            this.chart.ctx.font = fontSize + "em Verdana";
            this.chart.ctx.textBaseline = "middle";

            var red = $( "#red" ).slider( "value" ),
            green = $( "#green" ).slider( "value" ),
            blue = $( "#blue" ).slider( "value" ),
            yellow = $( "#yellow" ).slider( "value" ),
            sienna = $( "#sienna" ).slider( "value" ),
            gold = $( "#gold" ).slider( "value" ),
            violet = $( "#violet" ).slider( "value" );
            var text = (red+green+blue+yellow+sienna+gold+violet) + " minutes";
            var textX = Math.round((width - this.chart.ctx.measureText(text).width) / 2);
            var textY = height / 2;
            this.chart.ctx.fillStyle = '#000000';
            this.chart.ctx.fillText(text, textX, textY);
        }
    });


var ctx = $("#myChart").get(0).getContext("2d");
var myDoughnutChart = new Chart(ctx).DoughnutTextInside(data, {
    responsive: false
});

DEMO IN JSFIDDLE

enter image description here

Answer

@rap-2-h and @Ztuons Ch's answer doesn't allow for the showTooltips option to be active, but what you can do is create and layer a second canvas object behind the one rendering the chart.

The important part is the styling required in the divs and for the canvas object itself so that they render on top of each other.

var data = [
    {value : 100, color : 'rgba(226,151,093,1)', highlight : 'rgba(226,151,093,0.75)', label : "Sector 1"},
    {value : 100, color : 'rgba(214,113,088,1)', highlight : 'rgba(214,113,088,0.75)', label : "Sector 2"},
    {value : 100, color : 'rgba(202,097,096,1)', highlight : 'rgba(202,097,096,0.75)', label : "Sector 3"}
]

var options = { showTooltips : true };
     
var total = 0;
for (i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
     total = total + data[i].value;
}

var chartCtx = $("#canvas").get(0).getContext("2d");
var chart = new Chart(chartCtx).Doughnut(data, options);

var textCtx = $("#text").get(0).getContext("2d");
textCtx.textAlign = "center";
textCtx.textBaseline = "middle";
textCtx.font = "30px sans-serif";
textCtx.fillText(total, 150, 150);
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/Chart.js/1.0.2/Chart.min.js"></script>
<html>
<body>
<div style="position: relative; width:300px; height:300px;">
    <canvas id="text" 
            style="z-index: 1; 
                   position: absolute;
                   left: 0px; 
                   top: 0px;" 
            height="300" 
            width="300"></canvas>
    <canvas id="canvas" 
            style="z-index: 2; 
                   position: absolute;
                   left: 0px; 
                   top: 0px;" 
            height="300" 
            width="300"></canvas>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Here's the jsfiddle: https://jsfiddle.net/68vxqyak/1/

Answer

@Cmyker, great solution for chart.js v2

One little enhancement: It makes sense to check for the appropriate canvas id, see the modified snippet below. Otherwise the text (i.e. 75%) is also rendered in middle of other chart types within the page.

  Chart.pluginService.register({
    beforeDraw: function(chart) {
      if (chart.canvas.id === 'doghnutChart') {
        let width = chart.chart.width,
            height = chart.chart.outerRadius * 2,
            ctx = chart.chart.ctx;

        rewardImg.width = 40;
        rewardImg.height = 40;
        let imageX = Math.round((width - rewardImg.width) / 2),
            imageY = (height - rewardImg.height ) / 2;

        ctx.drawImage(rewardImg, imageX, imageY, 40, 40);
        ctx.save();
      }
    }
  });

Since a legend (see: http://www.chartjs.org/docs/latest/configuration/legend.html) magnifies the chart height, the value for height should be obtained by the radius.

Answer

First of all, kudos on choosing Chart.js! I'm using it on one of my current projects and I absolutely love it - it does the job perfectly.

Although labels/tooltips are not part of the library yet, you may want to take a look at these three pull requests:

And, as Cracker0dks mentioned, Chart.js uses canvas for rendering so you may as well just implement your own tooltips by interacting with it directly.

Hope this helps.

Answer

This is based on Cmyker's update for Chart.js 2. (posted as another answer as I can't comment yet)

I had an issue with the text alignment on Chrome when the legend is displayed as the chart height does not include this so it's not aligned correctly in the middle. Fixed this by accounting for this in the calculation of fontSize and textY.

I calculated percentage inside the method rather than a set value as I have multiple of these on the page. Assumptions are that your chart only has 2 values (otherwise what is the percentage of? and that the first is the one you want to show the percentage for. I have a bunch of other charts too so I do a check for type = doughnut. I'm only using doughnuts to show percentages so it works for me.

Text color seems a bit hit and miss depending on what order things run in etc so I ran into an issue when resizing that the text would change color (between black and the primary color in one case, and secondary color and white in another) so I "save" whatever the existing fill style was, draw the text (in the color of the primary data) then restore the old fill style. (Preserving the old fill style doesn't seem needed but you never know.)

https://jsfiddle.net/g733tj8h/

Chart.pluginService.register({
  beforeDraw: function(chart) {
    var width = chart.chart.width,
        height = chart.chart.height,
        ctx = chart.chart.ctx,
        type = chart.config.type;

    if (type == 'doughnut')
    {
      var percent = Math.round((chart.config.data.datasets[0].data[0] * 100) /
                    (chart.config.data.datasets[0].data[0] +
                    chart.config.data.datasets[0].data[1]));
      var oldFill = ctx.fillStyle;
      var fontSize = ((height - chart.chartArea.top) / 100).toFixed(2);

      ctx.restore();
      ctx.font = fontSize + "em sans-serif";
      ctx.textBaseline = "middle"

      var text = percent + "%",
          textX = Math.round((width - ctx.measureText(text).width) / 2),
          textY = (height + chart.chartArea.top) / 2;

      ctx.fillStyle = chart.config.data.datasets[0].backgroundColor[0];
      ctx.fillText(text, textX, textY);
      ctx.fillStyle = oldFill;
      ctx.save();
    }
  }
});

var data = {
  labels: ["Red","Blue"],
  datasets: [
    {
      data: [300, 50],
      backgroundColor: ["#FF6384","#36A2EB"],
    }]
};

Chart.pluginService.register({
  beforeDraw: function(chart) {
    var width = chart.chart.width,
        height = chart.chart.height,
        ctx = chart.chart.ctx,
        type = chart.config.type;

    if (type == 'doughnut')
    {
    	var percent = Math.round((chart.config.data.datasets[0].data[0] * 100) /
                    (chart.config.data.datasets[0].data[0] +
                    chart.config.data.datasets[0].data[1]));
			var oldFill = ctx.fillStyle;
      var fontSize = ((height - chart.chartArea.top) / 100).toFixed(2);
      
      ctx.restore();
      ctx.font = fontSize + "em sans-serif";
      ctx.textBaseline = "middle"

      var text = percent + "%",
          textX = Math.round((width - ctx.measureText(text).width) / 2),
          textY = (height + chart.chartArea.top) / 2;
			
      ctx.fillStyle = chart.config.data.datasets[0].backgroundColor[0];
      ctx.fillText(text, textX, textY);
      ctx.fillStyle = oldFill;
      ctx.save();
    }
  }
});

var myChart = new Chart(document.getElementById('myChart'), {
  type: 'doughnut',
  data: data,
  options: {
  	responsive: true,
    legend: {
      display: true
    }
  }
});
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/Chart.js/2.1.6/Chart.bundle.js"></script>
<canvas id="myChart"></canvas>

Answer

Alesana's solution works very nicely for me in general, but like others, I wanted to be able to specify where line breaks occur. I made some simple modifications to wrap lines at '\n' characters, as long as the text is already being wrapped. A more complete solution would force wrapping if there are any '\n' characters in the text, but I don't have time at the moment to make that work with font sizing. The change also centers a little better horizontally when wrapping (avoids trailing spaces). The code's below (I can't post comments yet).

It would be cool if someone put this plug-in on GitHub...

Chart.pluginService.register({
  beforeDraw: function(chart) {
    if (chart.config.options.elements.center) {
      // Get ctx from string
      var ctx = chart.chart.ctx;

      // Get options from the center object in options
      var centerConfig = chart.config.options.elements.center;
      var fontStyle = centerConfig.fontStyle || 'Arial';
      var txt = centerConfig.text;
      var color = centerConfig.color || '#000';
      var maxFontSize = centerConfig.maxFontSize || 75;
      var sidePadding = centerConfig.sidePadding || 20;
      var sidePaddingCalculated = (sidePadding / 100) * (chart.innerRadius * 2)
      // Start with a base font of 30px
      ctx.font = "30px " + fontStyle;

      // Get the width of the string and also the width of the element minus 10 to give it 5px side padding
      var stringWidth = ctx.measureText(txt).width;
      var elementWidth = (chart.innerRadius * 2) - sidePaddingCalculated;

      // Find out how much the font can grow in width.
      var widthRatio = elementWidth / stringWidth;
      var newFontSize = Math.floor(30 * widthRatio);
      var elementHeight = (chart.innerRadius * 2);

      // Pick a new font size so it will not be larger than the height of label.
      var fontSizeToUse = Math.min(newFontSize, elementHeight, maxFontSize);
      var minFontSize = centerConfig.minFontSize;
      var lineHeight = centerConfig.lineHeight || 25;
      var wrapText = false;

      if (minFontSize === undefined) {
        minFontSize = 20;
      }

      if (minFontSize && fontSizeToUse < minFontSize) {
        fontSizeToUse = minFontSize;
        wrapText = true;
      }

      // Set font settings to draw it correctly.
      ctx.textAlign = 'center';
      ctx.textBaseline = 'middle';
      var centerX = ((chart.chartArea.left + chart.chartArea.right) / 2);
      var centerY = ((chart.chartArea.top + chart.chartArea.bottom) / 2);
      ctx.font = fontSizeToUse + "px " + fontStyle;
      ctx.fillStyle = color;

      if (!wrapText) {
        ctx.fillText(txt, centerX, centerY);
        return;
      }

      var lines = [];
      var chunks = txt.split('\n');
      for (var m = 0; m < chunks.length; m++) {
        var words = chunks[m].split(' ');
        var line;

        // Break words up into multiple lines if necessary
        for (var n = 0; n < words.length; n++) {
          var testLine = (n == 0) ? words[n] : line + ' ' + words[n];
          var metrics = ctx.measureText(testLine);
          var testWidth = metrics.width;
          if (testWidth > elementWidth && n > 0) {
            lines.push(line);
            line = words[n];
          } else {
            line = testLine;
          }
        }
        lines.push(line);
      }

      // Move the center up depending on line height and number of lines
      centerY -= ((lines.length-1) / 2) * lineHeight;

      // All but last line
      for (var n = 0; n < lines.length; n++) {
        ctx.fillText(lines[n], centerX, centerY);
        centerY += lineHeight;
      }
    }
  }
});

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.