JSON Stringify changes time of date because of UTC

My date objects in JavaScript are always represented by UTC +2 because of where I am located. Hence like this

Mon Sep 28 10:00:00 UTC+0200 2009

Problem is doing a JSON.stringify converts the above date to

2009-09-28T08:00:00Z  (notice 2 hours missing i.e. 8 instead of 10)

What I need is for the date and time to be honoured but it's not, hence it should be

2009-09-28T10:00:00Z  (this is how it should be)

Basically I use this:

var jsonData = JSON.stringify(jsonObject);

I tried passing a replacer parameter (second parameter on stringify) but the problem is that the value has already been processed.

I also tried using toString() and toUTCString() on the date object, but these don't give me what I want either..

Can anyone help me?

Answers:

Answer

Recently I have run into the same issue. And it was resolved using the following code:

x = new Date();
let hoursDiff = x.getHours() - x.getTimezoneOffset() / 60;
let minutesDiff = (x.getHours() - x.getTimezoneOffset()) % 60;
x.setHours(hoursDiff);
x.setMinutes(minutesDiff);
Answer

JSON uses the Date.prototype.toISOString function which does not represent local time -- it represents time in unmodified UTC -- if you look at your date output you can see you're at UTC+2 hours, which is why the JSON string changes by two hours, but if this allows the same time to be represented correctly across multiple time zones.

Answer

Here is another answer (and personally I think it's more appropriate)

var currentDate = new Date(); 
currentDate = JSON.stringify(currentDate);

// Now currentDate is in a different format... oh gosh what do we do...

currentDate = new Date(JSON.parse(currentDate));

// Now currentDate is back to its original form :)
Answer

date.toJSON() prints the UTC-Date into a String formatted (So adds the offset with it when converts it to JSON format).

date = new Date();
new Date(date.getTime() - (date.getTimezoneOffset() * 60000)).toJSON();
Answer

Usually you want dates to be presented to each user in his own local time-

that is why we use GMT (UTC).

Use Date.parse(jsondatestring) to get the local time string,

unless you want your local time shown to each visitor.

In that case, use Anatoly's method.

Answer

Got around this issue by using the moment.js library (the non-timezone version).

var newMinDate = moment(datePicker.selectedDates[0]);
var newMaxDate = moment(datePicker.selectedDates[1]);

// Define the data to ask the server for
var dataToGet = {"ArduinoDeviceIdentifier":"Temperatures",
                "StartDate":newMinDate.format('YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm'),
                "EndDate":newMaxDate.format('YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm')
};

alert(JSON.stringify(dataToGet));

I was using the flatpickr.min.js library. The time of the resulting JSON object created matches the local time provided but the date picker.

Answer

Out-of-the-box solution to force JSON.stringify ignore timezones:

  • Pure javascript (based on Anatoliy answer):

// Before: JSON.stringify apply timezone offset
const date =  new Date();
let string = JSON.stringify(date);
console.log(string);

// After: JSON.stringify keeps date as-is!
Date.prototype.toJSON = function(){
    const hoursDiff = this.getHours() - this.getTimezoneOffset() / 60;
    this.setHours(hoursDiff);
    return this.toISOString();
};
string = JSON.stringify(date);
console.log(string);

Using moment.js library:

const date =  new Date();
let string = JSON.stringify(date);
console.log(string);

Date.prototype.toJSON = function(){
    return moment(this).format("YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss:ms");;
};
string = JSON.stringify(date);
console.log(string);
<html>
  <header>
    <script src="https://momentjs.com/downloads/moment.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://momentjs.com/downloads/moment-timezone-with-data-10-year-range.min.js"></script>
</header>
</html>

Answer

I run into this a bit working with legacy stuff where they only work on east coast US and don't store dates in UTC, it's all EST. I have to filter on the dates based on user input in the browser so must pass the date in local time in JSON format.

Just to elaborate on this solution already posted - this is what I use:

// Could be picked by user in date picker - local JS date
date = new Date();

// Create new Date from milliseconds of user input date (date.getTime() returns milliseconds)
// Subtract milliseconds that will be offset by toJSON before calling it
new Date(date.getTime() - (date.getTimezoneOffset() * 60000)).toJSON();

So my understanding is this will go ahead and subtract time (in milliseconds (hence 60000) from the starting date based on the timezone offset (returns minutes) - in anticipation for the addition of time toJSON() is going to add.

Answer

Here is something really neat and simple (atleast I believe so :)) and requires no manipulation of date to be cloned or overloading any of browser's native functions like toJSON (reference: How to JSON stringify a javascript Date and preserve timezone, courtsy Shawson)

Pass a replacer function to JSON.stringify that stringifies stuff to your heart's content!!! This way you don't have to do hour and minute diffs or any other manipulations.

I have put in console.logs to see intermediate results so it is clear what is going on and how recursion is working. That reveals something worthy of notice: value param to replacer is already converted to ISO date format :). Use this[key] to work with original data.

var replacer = function(key, value)
{
    var returnVal = value;
    if(this[key] instanceof Date)
    {
        console.log("replacer called with key - ", key, " value - ", value, this[key]); 

        returnVal = this[key].toString();

        /* Above line does not strictly speaking clone the date as in the cloned object 
         * it is a string in same format as the original but not a Date object. I tried 
         * multiple things but was unable to cause a Date object being created in the 
         * clone. 
         * Please Heeeeelp someone here!

        returnVal = new Date(JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(this[key])));   //OR
        returnVal = new Date(this[key]);   //OR
        returnVal = this[key];   //careful, returning original obj so may have potential side effect

*/
    }
    console.log("returning value: ", returnVal);

    /* if undefined is returned, the key is not at all added to the new object(i.e. clone), 
     * so return null. null !== undefined but both are falsy and can be used as such*/
    return this[key] === undefined ? null : returnVal;
};

ab = {prop1: "p1", prop2: [1, "str2", {p1: "p1inner", p2: undefined, p3: null, p4date: new Date()}]};
var abstr = JSON.stringify(ab, replacer);
var abcloned = JSON.parse(abstr);
console.log("ab is: ", ab);
console.log("abcloned is: ", abcloned);

/* abcloned is:
 * {
  "prop1": "p1",
  "prop2": [
    1,
    "str2",
    {
      "p1": "p1inner",
      "p2": null,
      "p3": null,
      "p4date": "Tue Jun 11 2019 18:47:50 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)"
    }
  ]
}
Note p4date is string not Date object but format and timezone are completely preserved.
*/
Answer

All boils down to if your server backend is timezone-agnostic or not. If it is not, then you need to assume that timezone of server is the same as client, or transfer information about client's timezone and include that also into calculations.

a PostgreSQL backend based example:

select '2009-09-28T08:00:00Z'::timestamp -> '2009-09-28 08:00:00' (wrong for 10am)
select '2009-09-28T08:00:00Z'::timestamptz -> '2009-09-28 10:00:00+02'
select '2009-09-28T08:00:00Z'::timestamptz::timestamp -> '2009-09-28 10:00:00'

The last one is probably what you want to use in database, if you are not willing properly implement timezone logic.

Answer

JavaScript normally convert local timezone to UTC .

date = new Date();
date.setMinutes(date.getMinutes()-date.getTimezoneOffset())
JSON.stringify(date)
Answer

I tried this in angular 8 :

  1. create Model :

    export class Model { YourDate: string | Date; }
    
  2. in your component

    model : Model;
    model.YourDate = new Date();
    
  3. send Date to your API for saving

  4. When loading your data from API you will make this :

    model.YourDate = new Date(model.YourDate+"Z");

you will get your date correctly with your time zone.

Answer

Just for the record, remember that the last "Z" in "2009-09-28T08:00:00Z" means that the time is indeed in UTC.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_8601 for details.

Answer

you can use moment.js to format with local time:

Date.prototype.toISOString = function () {
    return moment(this).format("YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss");
};
Answer

I'm a little late but you can always overwrite the toJson function in case of a Date using Prototype like so:

Date.prototype.toJSON = function(){
    return Util.getDateTimeString(this);
};

In my case, Util.getDateTimeString(this) return a string like this: "2017-01-19T00:00:00Z"

Answer

Instead of toJSON, you can use format function which always gives the correct date and time + GMT

This is the most robust display option. It takes a string of tokens and replaces them with their corresponding values.

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.