Razor MVC Populating Javascript array with Model Array

I'm trying to load a JavaScript array with an array from my model. Its seems to me that this should be possible.

Neither of the below ways work.

Cannot create a JavaScript loop and increment through Model Array with JavaScript variable

for(var j=0; j<255; j++)
{
    jsArray = (@(Model.data[j])));
}

Cannot create a Razor loop, JavaScript is out of scope

@foreach(var d in Model.data)
{
    jsArray = d;
}

I can get it to work with

var jsdata = @Html.Raw(Json.Encode(Model.data)); 

But I don't know why I should have to use JSON.

Also while at the moment I'm restricting this to 255 bytes. In the future it could run into many MBs.

Answers:

Answer

JSON syntax is pretty much the JavaScript syntax for coding your object. Therefore, in terms of conciseness and speed, your own answer is the best bet.

I use this approach when populating dropdown lists in my KnockoutJS model. E.g.

var desktopGrpViewModel = {
    availableComputeOfferings: ko.observableArray(@Html.Raw(JsonConvert.SerializeObject(ViewBag.ComputeOfferings))),
    desktopGrpComputeOfferingSelected: ko.observable(),
};
ko.applyBindings(desktopGrpViewModel);

...

<select name="ComputeOffering" class="form-control valid" id="ComputeOffering" data-val="true" 
data-bind="options: availableComputeOffering,
           optionsText: 'Name',
           optionsValue: 'Id',
           value: desktopGrpComputeOfferingSelect,
           optionsCaption: 'Choose...'">
</select>

Note that I'm using Json.NET NuGet package for serialization and the ViewBag to pass data.

Answer

I was working with a list of toasts (alert messages), List<Alert> from C# and needed it as JavaScript array for Toastr in a partial view (.cshtml file). The JavaScript code below is what worked for me:

var toasts = @Html.Raw(Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(alerts));
toasts.forEach(function (entry) {
    var command = entry.AlertStyle;
    var message = entry.Message;
    if (command === "danger") { command = "error"; }
    toastr[command](message);
});
Answer

I was integrating a slider and needed to get all the files in the folder and was having same situationof C# array to javascript array.This solution by @heymega worked perfectly except my javascript parser was annoyed on var use in foreach loop. So i did a little work around avoiding the loop.

var allowedExtensions = new string[] { ".jpg", ".jpeg", ".bmp", ".png", ".gif" };

var bannerImages = string.Join(",", Directory.GetFiles(Path.Combine(System.Web.Hosting.HostingEnvironment.ApplicationPhysicalPath, "Images", "banners"), "*.*", SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly)
    .Where(d => allowedExtensions.Contains(Path.GetExtension(d).ToLower()))
    .Select(d => string.Format("'{0}'", Path.GetFileName(d)))
    .ToArray());

And the javascript code is

var imagesArray = new Array(@Html.Raw(bannerImages));

Hope it helps

Answer

To expand on the top-voted answer, for reference, if the you want to add more complex items to the array:

@:myArray.push(ClassMember1: "@d.ClassMember1", ClassMember2: "@d.ClassMember2");

etc.

Furthermore, if you want to pass the array as a parameter to your controller, you can stringify it first:

myArray = JSON.stringify({ 'myArray': myArray });

Answer

If it is a symmetrical (rectangular) array then Try pushing into a single dimension javascript array; use razor to determine the array structure; and then transform into a 2 dimensional array.

// this just sticks them all in a one dimension array of rows * cols
var myArray = new Array();
@foreach (var d in Model.ResultArray)
{
    @:myArray.push("@d");
}

var MyA = new Array();

var rows = @Model.ResultArray.GetLength(0);
var cols = @Model.ResultArray.GetLength(1);

// now convert the single dimension array to 2 dimensions
var NewRow;
var myArrayPointer = 0;

for (rr = 0; rr < rows; rr++)
{
  NewRow = new Array();
  for ( cc = 0; cc < cols; cc++)
  {
    NewRow.push(myArray[myArrayPointer]);
    myArrayPointer++;
  }
  MyA.push(NewRow);
}
Answer

This would be better approach as I have implemented :)

@model ObjectUser
@using System.Web.Script.Serialization
@{ 
    var javaScriptSearilizer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
    var searializedObject = javaScriptSearilizer.Serialize(Model);
 }

<script>
    var searializedObject = @Html.Raw(searializedObject )
    console.log(searializedObject);
    alert(searializedObject);
</script>

Hope this will help you to prevent you from iterating model ( happy coding )

Answer

This is possible, you just need to loop through the razor collection

<script type="text/javascript">

    var myArray = [];

    @foreach (var d in Model.data)
    {
        @:myArray.push("@d");
    }

    alert(myArray);

</script>

Hope this helps

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.