Setting multiple attributes for an element at once with JavaScript

How can I set multiple attributes at once with JavaScript? Unfortunately, I'm not able to use a framework like jQuery on this project. Here is what I have now:

var elem = document.createElement("img");

elem.setAttribute("src", "http://example.com/something.jpeg");
elem.setAttribute("height", "100%");
elem.setAttribute("width", "100%");

Answers:

Answer

You could make a helper function:

function setAttributes(el, attrs) {
  for(var key in attrs) {
    el.setAttribute(key, attrs[key]);
  }
}

Call it like this:

setAttributes(elem, {"src": "http://example.com/something.jpeg", "height": "100%", ...});
Answer

If you wanted a framework-esq syntax (Note: IE 8+ support only), you could extend the Element prototype and add your own setAttributes function:

Element.prototype.setAttributes = function (attrs) {
    for (var idx in attrs) {
        if ((idx === 'styles' || idx === 'style') && typeof attrs[idx] === 'object') {
            for (var prop in attrs[idx]){this.style[prop] = attrs[idx][prop];}
        } else if (idx === 'html') {
            this.innerHTML = attrs[idx];
        } else {
            this.setAttribute(idx, attrs[idx]);
        }
    }
};

This lets you use syntax like this:

var d = document.createElement('div');
d.setAttributes({
    'id':'my_div',
    'class':'my_class',
    'styles':{
        'backgroundColor':'blue',
        'color':'red'
    },
    'html':'lol'
});

Try it: http://jsfiddle.net/ywrXX/1/

If you don't like extending a host object (some are opposed) or need to support IE7-, just use it as a function

Note that setAttribute will not work for style in IE, or event handlers (you shouldn't anyway). The code above handles style, but not events.

Documentation

Answer

You can create a function that takes a variable number of arguments:

function setAttributes(elem /* attribute, value pairs go here */) {
    for (var i = 1; i < arguments.length; i+=2) {
        elem.setAttribute(arguments[i], arguments[i+1]);
    }
}

setAttributes(elem, 
    "src", "http://example.com/something.jpeg",
    "height", "100%",
    "width", "100%");

Or, you pass the attribute/value pairs in on an object:

 function setAttributes(elem, obj) {
     for (var prop in obj) {
         if (obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
             elem[prop] = obj[prop];
         }
     }
 }

setAttributes(elem, {
    src: "http://example.com/something.jpeg",
    height: "100%",
    width: "100%"
});

You could also make your own chainable object wrapper/method:

function $$(elem) {
    return(new $$.init(elem));
}

$$.init = function(elem) {
    if (typeof elem === "string") {
        elem = document.getElementById(elem);
    }
    this.elem = elem;
}

$$.init.prototype = {
    set: function(prop, value) {
        this.elem[prop] = value;
        return(this);
    }
};

$$(elem).set("src", "http://example.com/something.jpeg").set("height", "100%").set("width", "100%");

Working example: http://jsfiddle.net/jfriend00/qncEz/

Answer

You could code an ES5.1 helper function:

function setAttributes(el, attrs) {
    Object.keys(attrs).forEach(key => el.setAttribute(key, attrs[key]));
}

Call it like this:

setAttributes(elem, { src: 'http://example.com/something.jpeg', height: '100%' });
Answer

Or create a function that creates an element including attributes from parameters

function elemCreate(elType){
  var element = document.createElement(elType);
  if (arguments.length>1){
    var props = [].slice.call(arguments,1), key = props.shift();
    while (key){ 
      element.setAttribute(key,props.shift());
      key = props.shift();
    }
  }
  return element;
}
// usage
var img = elemCreate('img',
            'width','100',
            'height','100',
            'src','http://example.com/something.jpeg');

FYI: height/width='100%' would not work using attributes. For a height/width of 100% you need the elements style.height/style.width

Answer
const setAttributes = (el, attrs) =>
  Object.entries(attrs)
    .forEach(args =>
      el.setAttribute(...args))
Answer

use this function to create and set attributes at the same time

function createNode(node, attributes){
    const el = document.createElement(node);
    for(let key in attributes){
        el.setAttribute(key, attributes[key]);
    }
    return el;
}

use it like so

const input = createNode('input', {
    name: 'test',
    type: 'text',
    placeholder: 'Test'
});
document.body.appendChild(input);
Answer

I guess it's best way to set attributes at once for any element in this class.

function SetAtt(elements, attributes) {
    for (var element = 0; element < elements.length; element++) {
        for (var attribute = 0; attribute < attributes.length; attribute += 2) {
            elements[element].setAttribute(attributes[attribute], attributes[attribute + 1]);
        }
    }
}
var Class = document.getElementsByClassName("ClassName"); // class array list
var Data = ['att1', 'val1', 'att2', 'val2', 'att3', 'val3']; //attributes array list
SetAtt(Class, Data);
Answer

You might be able to use Object.assign(...) to apply your properties to the created element. See comments for additional details.

Keep in mind that height and width attributes are defined in pixels, not percents. You'll have to use CSS to make it fluid.

var elem = document.createElement('img')
Object.assign(elem, {
  className: 'my-image-class',
  src: 'https://dummyimage.com/320x240/ccc/fff.jpg',
  height: 120, // pixels
  width: 160, // pixels
  onclick: function () {
    alert('Clicked!')
  }
})
document.body.appendChild(elem)

// One-liner:
// document.body.appendChild(Object.assign(document.createElement(...), {...}))
.my-image-class {
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;
  border: solid 5px transparent;
  box-sizing: border-box
}

.my-image-class:hover {
  cursor: pointer;
  border-color: red
}

body { margin:0 }

Answer

Try this

function setAttribs(elm, ob) {
    //var r = [];
    //var i = 0;
    for (var z in ob) {
        if (ob.hasOwnProperty(z)) {
            try {
                elm[z] = ob[z];
            }
            catch (er) {
                elm.setAttribute(z, ob[z]);
            }
        }
    }
    return elm;
}

DEMO: HERE

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