How to auto-size an iFrame? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Resizing an iframe based on content

I'm loading an iFrame and want the parent to automatically change the height based upon the height of the iFrame's content.

To simply things, all pages belong to the same domain, so I shouldn't run into cross-site scripting issues.

Answers:

Answer

On any other element, I would use the scrollHeight of the DOM object and set the height accordingly. I don't know if this would work on an iframe (because they're a bit kooky about everything) but it's certainly worth a try.

Edit: Having had a look around, the popular consensus is setting the height from within the iframe using the offsetHeight:

function setHeight() {
    parent.document.getElementById('the-iframe-id').style.height = document['body'].offsetHeight + 'px';
}

And attach that to run with the iframe-body's onLoad event.

Answer

I just happened to come by your question and i have a solution. But its in jquery. Its too simple.

$('iframe').contents().find('body').css({"min-height": "100", "overflow" : "hidden"});
setInterval( "$('iframe').height($('iframe').contents().find('body').height() + 20)", 1 );

There you go!

Cheers! :)

Edit: If you have a Rich Text Editor based on the iframe method and not the div method and want it to expand every new line then this code will do the needful.

Answer

Here is a dead simple solution that works on every browser and with cross domains:

First, this works on the concept that if the html page containing the iframe is set to a height of 100% and the iframe is styled using css to have a height of 100%, then css will automatically size everything to fit.

Here is the code:

<head>
<style type="text/css"> 
html {height:100%}
body {
margin:0;
height:100%;
overflow:hidden
}
</style>
</head>

<body>
<iframe allowtransparency=true frameborder=0 id=rf sandbox="allow-same-origin allow-forms allow-scripts" scrolling=auto src="http://www.externaldomain.com/" style="width:100%;height:100%"></iframe>
</body>
Answer

In IE 5.5+, you can use the contentWindow property:

iframe.height = iframe.contentWindow.document.scrollHeight;

In Netscape 6 (assuming firefox as well), contentDocument property:

iframe.height = iframe.contentDocument.scrollHeight
Answer

My solution, (using jquery):

<iframe id="Iframe1" class="tabFrame" width="100%" height="100%" scrolling="no" src="http://samedomain" frameborder="0" >
</iframe>  
<script type="text/javascript">
    $(function () {

        $('.tabFrame').load(function () {
            var iframeContentWindow = this.contentWindow;
            var height = iframeContentWindow.$(document).height();
            this.style.height = height + 'px';
        });
    });
</script>
Answer

Oli has a solution that will work for me. For the record, the page inside my iFrame is rendered by javascript, so I'll need an infinitesimal delay before reporting back the offsetHeight. It looks like something along these lines:


    $(document).ready(function(){
        setTimeout(setHeight);
    });

    function setHeight() {
        alert(document['body'].offsetHeight);   
    }
Answer

Actually - Patrick's code sort of worked for me as well. The correct way to do it would be along the lines of this:

Note: there's a bit of jquery ahead:


if ($.browser.msie == false) {
    var h = (document.getElementById("iframeID").contentDocument.body.offsetHeight);
} else {
    var h = (document.getElementById("iframeID").Document.body.scrollHeight);
}
Answer

This solution worked best for me. It uses jQuery and the iframe's ".load" event.

Answer

I found the solution by @ShripadK most helpful, but it does not work, if there is more than one iframe. My fix is:

function autoResizeIFrame() {
  $('iframe').height(
    function() {
      return $(this).contents().find('body').height() + 20;
    }
  )
}

$('iframe').contents().find('body').css(
  {"min-height": "100", "overflow" : "hidden"});

setTimeout(autoResizeIFrame, 2000);
setTimeout(autoResizeIFrame, 10000);
  • $('iframe').height($('iframe').contents().find('body').height() + 20) would set the height of every frame to the same value, namely the height of the content of the first frame. So I am using jquery's height() with a function instead of a value. That way the individual heights are calculated
  • + 20 is a hack to work around iframe scrollbar problems. The number must be bigger than the size of a scrollbar. The hack can probably be avoided but disabling the scrollbars for the iframe.
  • I use setTimeout instead of setInterval(..., 1) to reduce CPU load in my case
Answer

This is the easiest method i have found using prototype:

Main.html:

<html>
<head>


<script src="prototype.js"></script>

<script>
    function init() {
        var iframe = $(document.getElementById("iframe"));
        var iframe_content = $(iframe.contentWindow.document.getElementById("iframe_content"));
        var cy = iframe_content.getDimensions().height;
        iframe.style.height = cy + "px";
    }
</script>

</head>

<body onload="init()">


<iframe src="./content.html" id="iframe" frameBorder="0" scroll="no"></iframe>

<br>
this is the next line

</body>
</html>

content.html:

<html>
<head>
<script src="prototype.js"></script>


<style>
body {
    margin: 0px;
    padding: 0px;
}
</style>


</head>

<body>


<div id="iframe_content" style="max-height:200px;">
Sub content<br>
Sub content<br>
...
...
...
</div>


</body>
</html>

This seems to work (so far) in all the major browsers.

Answer

My workaround is to set the iframe the height/width well over any anticipated source page size in CSS & the background property to transparent.

In the iframe set allow-transparency to true and scrolling to no.

The only thing visible will be whatever source file you use. It works in IE8, Firefox 3, & Safari.

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