Split JavaScript array in chunks using Lodash

I need to split a JavaScript array into n sized chunks.

E.g.: Given this array

["a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", "a8", "a9", "a10", "a11", "a12", "a13"]

and a n equals to 4, the output should be this:

[ ["a1", "a2", "a3", "a4"],
  ["a5", "a6", "a7", "a8"],
  ["a9", "a10", "a11", "a12"],
  ["a13"]
]

I aware of pure JavaScript solutions for this problem, but since I am already using Lodash I am wondering if Lodash provides a better solution for this.

Edit:

I created a jsPerf test to check how much slower the underscore solution is.

Answers:

Answer

Take a look at lodash' chunk: https://lodash.com/docs#chunk

const data = ["a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", "a8", "a9", "a10", "a11", "a12", "a13"];
const chunks = _.chunk(data, 3);
console.log(chunks);
// [
//  ["a1", "a2", "a3"],
//  ["a4", "a5", "a6"],
//  ["a7", "a8", "a9"],
//  ["a10", "a11", "a12"],
//  ["a13"]
// ]
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/lodash.js/4.17.15/lodash.min.js"></script>

Answer

For Underscore based solution try this:

var data = ["a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", "a8", "a9", "a10", "a11", "a12", "a13"];
var n = 3;
var lists = _.groupBy(data, function(element, index){
  return Math.floor(index/n);
});
lists = _.toArray(lists); //Added this to convert the returned object to an array.
console.log(lists);

Using the chain wrapper method you can combine the two statements as below:

var data = ["a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", "a8", "a9", "a10", "a11", "a12", "a13"];
var n = 3;
var lists = _.chain(data).groupBy(function(element, index){
  return Math.floor(index/n);
}).toArray()
.value();
Answer

A possibly simpler expression:

const coll = [ "a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", "a8", "a9" ];
const n = 2;
const chunks = _.range(coll.length / n).map(i => coll.slice(i * n, (i + 1) * n));
console.log(chunks);
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/lodash.js/4.17.15/lodash.min.js"></script>

Answer

Underscore supports _.chunk() natively as of version 1.9.0.

const data = ["a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", "a8", "a9", "a10", "a11", "a12", "a13"];
const chunks = _.chunk(data, 4);
console.log(chunks);
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.9.1/underscore.js"></script>

Answer

try this one it is much more practical (for example, if you would want to split the array based on amount of items to be container in each sub array):

function chunk(arr, start, amount){
    var result = [], 
        i, 
        start = start || 0, 
        amount = amount || 500, 
        len = arr.length;

    do {
        //console.log('appending ', start, '-', start + amount, 'of ', len, '.');
        result.push(arr.slice(start, start+amount));
        start += amount;

    } while (start< len);

    return result;
};

and the use in your case:

var arr = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17],
    chunked = chunk(arr, 0, Math.floor(arr.length/3)); //to get 4 nested arrays

console.log(chunked);

and another case:

var arr = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17],
    chunked = chunk(arr, 0, 3); // to get 6 nested arrays each containing maximum of 3 items

console.log(chunked);

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