make html text input field grow as I type?

I can set initial text input size in css, like so:

width: 50px;

But I would like it to grow when I type until it reaches for example 200px. Can this be done in straight css, html, preferably without javascript?

Do post your js/jquery solutions too of course, but if this is doable without them - that be great.

my try here:

http://jsfiddle.net/jszjz/2/

Answers:

Answer

I just wrote this for you, I hope you like it :) No guarantees that it's cross-browser, but I think it is :)

(function(){
    var min = 100, max = 300, pad_right = 5, input = document.getElementById('adjinput');

    input.style.width = min+'px';
    input.onkeypress = input.onkeydown = input.onkeyup = function(){
        var input = this;
        setTimeout(function(){
            var tmp = document.createElement('div');
            tmp.style.padding = '0';
            if(getComputedStyle)
                tmp.style.cssText = getComputedStyle(input, null).cssText;
            if(input.currentStyle)
                tmp.style.cssText = input.currentStyle.cssText;
            tmp.style.width = '';
            tmp.style.position = 'absolute';
            tmp.innerHTML = input.value.replace(/&/g, "&")
                                       .replace(/</g, "&lt;")
                                       .replace(/>/g, "&gt;")
                                       .replace(/"/g, "&quot;")
                                       .replace(/'/g, "&#039;")
                                       .replace(/ /g, '&nbsp;');
            input.parentNode.appendChild(tmp);
            var width = tmp.clientWidth+pad_right+1;
            tmp.parentNode.removeChild(tmp);
            if(min <= width && width <= max)
                input.style.width = width+'px';
        }, 1);
    }
})();

JSFiddle

Answer

How about programmatically modifying the size attribute on the input?

Semantically (imo), this solution is better than the accepted solution because it still uses input fields for user input but it does introduce a little bit of jQuery. Soundcloud does something similar to this for their tagging.

<input size="1" />

$('input').on('keydown', function(evt) {
    var $this = $(this),
        size = parseInt($this.attr('size'), 10),
        isValidKey = (evt.which >= 65 && evt.which <= 90) || // a-zA-Z
                     (evt.which >= 48 && evt.which <= 57) || // 0-9
                     evt.which === 32;

    if ( evt.which === 8 && size > 0 ) {
        // backspace
        $this.attr('size', size - 1);
    } else if ( isValidKey ) {
        // all other keystrokes
        $this.attr('size', size + 1);
    }
});

http://jsfiddle.net/Vu9ZT/

Answer

A couple of things come to mind:

Use an onkeydown handler in your text field, measure the text*, and increase the text box size accordingly.

Attach a :focus css class to your text box with a larger width. Then your box will be larger when focused. That's not exactly what you're asking for, but similar.

* It's not straightforward to measure text in javascript. Check out this question for some ideas.

Answer

From: Is there a jQuery autogrow plugin for text fields?


See a demo here: http://jsbin.com/ahaxe

The plugin:

(function($){

    $.fn.autoGrowInput = function(o) {

        o = $.extend({
            maxWidth: 1000,
            minWidth: 0,
            comfortZone: 70
        }, o);

        this.filter('input:text').each(function(){

            var minWidth = o.minWidth || $(this).width(),
                val = '',
                input = $(this),
                testSubject = $('<tester/>').css({
                    position: 'absolute',
                    top: -9999,
                    left: -9999,
                    width: 'auto',
                    fontSize: input.css('fontSize'),
                    fontFamily: input.css('fontFamily'),
                    fontWeight: input.css('fontWeight'),
                    letterSpacing: input.css('letterSpacing'),
                    whiteSpace: 'nowrap'
                }),
                check = function() {

                    if (val === (val = input.val())) {return;}

                    // Enter new content into testSubject
                    var escaped = val.replace(/&/g, '&amp;').replace(/\s/g,'&nbsp;').replace(/</g, '&lt;').replace(/>/g, '&gt;');
                    testSubject.html(escaped);

                    // Calculate new width + whether to change
                    var testerWidth = testSubject.width(),
                        newWidth = (testerWidth + o.comfortZone) >= minWidth ? testerWidth + o.comfortZone : minWidth,
                        currentWidth = input.width(),
                        isValidWidthChange = (newWidth < currentWidth && newWidth >= minWidth)
                                             || (newWidth > minWidth && newWidth < o.maxWidth);

                    // Animate width
                    if (isValidWidthChange) {
                        input.width(newWidth);
                    }

                };

            testSubject.insertAfter(input);

            $(this).bind('keyup keydown blur update', check);

        });

        return this;

    };

})(jQuery);
Answer

If you set the span to display: inline-block, automatic horizontal and vertical resizing works very well:

<span contenteditable="true" 
      style="display: inline-block;
             border: solid 1px black;
             min-width: 50px; 
             max-width: 200px">
</span>

Answer

Here you can try something like this

EDIT: REVISED EXAMPLE (added one new solution) http://jsfiddle.net/jszjz/10/

Code explanation

var jqThis = $('#adjinput'), //object of the input field in jQuery
    fontSize = parseInt( jqThis.css('font-size') ) / 2, //its font-size
    //its min Width (the box won't become smaller than this
    minWidth= parseInt( jqThis.css('min-width') ), 
    //its maxWidth (the box won't become bigger than this)
    maxWidth= parseInt( jqThis.css('max-width') );

jqThis.bind('keydown', function(e){ //on key down
   var newVal = (this.value.length * fontSize); //compute the new width

   if( newVal  > minWidth && newVal <= maxWidth ) //check to see if it is within Min and Max
       this.style.width = newVal + 'px'; //update the value.
});

and the css is pretty straightforward too

#adjinput{
    max-width:200px !important;
    width:40px;
    min-width:40px;
    font-size:11px;
}

EDIT: Another solution is to havethe user type what he wants and on blur (focus out), grab the string (in the same font size) place it in a div - count the div's width - and then with a nice animate with a cool easing effect update the input fields width. The only drawback is that the input field will remain "small" while the user types. Or you can add a timeout : ) you can check such a kind of solution on the fiddle above too!

Answer

I know this is a seriously old post - but my answer might be useful to others anyway, so here goes. I found that if my CSS style definition for the contenteditable div has a min-height of 200 instead of a height of 200 , then the div scales automatically.

Answer

Which approach you use, of course, depends on what your end goal is. If you want to submit the results with a form then using native form elements means you don't have to use scripting to submit. Also, if scripting is turned off then the fallback still works without the fancy grow-shrink effects. If you want to get the plain text out of a contenteditable element you can always also use scripting like node.textContent to strip out the html that the browsers insert in the user input.

This version uses native form elements with slight refinements on some of the previous posts.

It allows the content to shrink as well.

Use this in combination with CSS for better control.

<html>

<textarea></textarea>
<br>
<input type="text">


<style>

textarea {
  width: 300px;
  min-height: 100px;
}

input {
  min-width: 300px;
}


<script>

document.querySelectorAll('input[type="text"]').forEach(function(node) {
  var minWidth = parseInt(getComputedStyle(node).minWidth) || node.clientWidth;
  node.style.overflowX = 'auto'; // 'hidden'
  node.onchange = node.oninput = function() {
    node.style.width = minWidth + 'px';
    node.style.width = node.scrollWidth + 'px';
  };
});

You can use something similar with <textarea> elements

document.querySelectorAll('textarea').forEach(function(node) {
  var minHeight = parseInt(getComputedStyle(node).minHeight) || node.clientHeight;
  node.style.overflowY = 'auto'; // 'hidden'
  node.onchange = node.oninput = function() {
    node.style.height = minHeight + 'px';
    node.style.height = node.scrollHeight + 'px';
  };
});

This doesn't flicker on Chrome, results may vary on other browsers, so test.

Answer

If you are just interested in growing, you can update the width to scrollWidth, whenever the content of the input element changes.

document.querySelectorAll('input[type="text"]').forEach(function(node) {
  node.onchange = node.oninput = function() {
    node.style.width = node.scrollWidth+'px';
  };
});

But this will not shrink the element.

Answer

Here's a method that worked for me. When you type into the field, it puts that text into the hidden span, then gets its new width and applies it to the input field. It grows and shrinks with your input, with a safeguard against the input virtually disappearing when you erase all input. Tested in Chrome. (EDIT: works in Safari, Firefox and Edge at the time of this edit)

function travel_keyup(e)
{
    if (e.target.value.length == 0) return;
    var oSpan=document.querySelector('#menu-enter-travel span');
    oSpan.textContent=e.target.value;
    match_span(e.target, oSpan);
}
function travel_keydown(e)
{
    if (e.key.length == 1)
    {
        if (e.target.maxLength == e.target.value.length) return;
        var oSpan=document.querySelector('#menu-enter-travel span');
        oSpan.textContent=e.target.value + '' + e.key;
        match_span(e.target, oSpan);
    }
}
function match_span(oInput, oSpan)
{
    oInput.style.width=oSpan.getBoundingClientRect().width + 'px';
}

window.addEventListener('load', function()
{
    var oInput=document.querySelector('#menu-enter-travel input');
    oInput.addEventListener('keyup', travel_keyup);
    oInput.addEventListener('keydown', travel_keydown);

    match_span(oInput, document.querySelector('#menu-enter-travel span'));
});
#menu-enter-travel input
{
	width: 8px;
}
#menu-enter-travel span
{
	visibility: hidden;
    position: absolute;
    top: 0px;
    left: 0px;
}
<div id="menu-enter-travel">
<input type="text" pattern="^[0-9]{1,4}$" maxlength="4">KM
<span>9</span>
</div>

Answer

Here is an example with only CSS and Content Editable:

jsFiddle Example

CSS

span 
{
    border: solid 1px black;
}
div 
{
    max-width: 200px;   
}

HTML

<div>
    <span contenteditable="true">sdfsd</span>
</div>
Answer

If you're allowed to use the ch measurement (monospaced) it completely solved what I was trying to do.

onChange(e => {
    e.target.style.width = `${e.target.length}ch`;
})

This was exactly what I needed but I'm not sure if it works for dynamic width font-families.

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.