How to handle query parameters in angular 2

In my routable component I have

@RouteConfig {
  {path: '/login',   name: 'Login', component: LoginComponent}
}  

But how do I get the query params if I go to app_url/login?token=1234?

Answers:

Answer

To complement the two previous answers, Angular2 supports both query parameters and path variables within routing. In @RouteConfig definition, if you define parameters within a path, Angular2 handles them as path variables and as query parameters if not.

Let's take a sample:

@RouteConfig([
  { path: '/:id', component: DetailsComponent, name: 'Details'}
])

If you call the navigate method of the router like this:

this.router.navigate( [
  'Details', { id: 'companyId', param1: 'value1'
}]);

You will have the following address: /companyId?param1=value1. The way to get parameters is the same for both, query parameters and path variables. The difference between them is that path variables can be seen as mandatory parameters and query parameters as optional ones.

Hope it helps you, Thierry

UPDATE: After changes in router alpha.31 http query params no longer work (Matrix params #2774). Instead angular router uses so called Matrix URL notation.

Reference https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/router.html#!#optional-route-parameters:

The optional route parameters are not separated by "?" and "&" as they would be in the URL query string. They are separated by semicolons ";" This is matrix URL notation — something you may not have seen before.

Answer

RouteParams are now deprecated , So here is how to do it in the new router.

this.router.navigate(['/login'],{ queryParams: { token:'1234'}})

And then in the login component you can take the parameter,

constructor(private route: ActivatedRoute) {}
ngOnInit() {
    // Capture the token  if available
    this.sessionId = this.route.queryParams['token']

}

Here is the documentation

Answer

It seems that RouteParams no longer exists, and is replaced by ActivatedRoute. ActivatedRoute gives us access to the matrix URL notation Parameters. If we want to get Query string ? paramaters we need to use Router.RouterState. The traditional query string paramaters are persisted across routing, which may not be the desired result. Preserving the fragment is now optional in router 3.0.0-rc.1.

import { Router, ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';
@Component ({...})
export class paramaterDemo {
  private queryParamaterValue: string;
  private matrixParamaterValue: string;
  private querySub: any;
  private matrixSub: any;

  constructor(private router: Router, private route: ActivatedRoute) { }
  ngOnInit() {
    this.router.routerState.snapshot.queryParams["queryParamaterName"];
    this.querySub = this.router.routerState.queryParams.subscribe(queryParams => 
      this.queryParamaterValue = queryParams["queryParameterName"];
    );

    this.route.snapshot.params["matrixParameterName"];
    this.route.params.subscribe(matrixParams =>
      this.matrixParamterValue = matrixParams["matrixParameterName"];
    );
  }

  ngOnDestroy() {
    if (this.querySub) {
      this.querySub.unsubscribe();
    }
    if (this.matrixSub) {
      this.matrixSub.unsubscribe();
    }
  }
}

We should be able to manipulate the ? notation upon navigation, as well as the ; notation, but I only gotten the matrix notation to work yet. The plnker that is attached to the latest router documentation shows it should look like this.

let sessionId = 123456789;
let navigationExtras = {
  queryParams: { 'session_id': sessionId },
  fragment: 'anchor'
};

// Navigate to the login page with extras
this.router.navigate(['/login'], navigationExtras);
Answer

This worked for me (as of Angular 2.1.0):

constructor(private route: ActivatedRoute) {}
ngOnInit() {
  // Capture the token  if available
  this.sessionId = this.route.snapshot.queryParams['token']

}
Answer

(For Childs Route Only such as /hello-world)

In the case you would like to make this kind of call :

/hello-world?foo=bar&fruit=banana

Angular2 doesn't use ? nor & but ; instead. So the correct URL should be :

/hello-world;foo=bar;fruit=banana

And to get those data :

import { Router, ActivatedRoute, Params } from '@angular/router';

private foo: string;
private fruit: string;

constructor(
  private route: ActivatedRoute,
  private router: Router
  ) {}

ngOnInit() {
  this.route.params.forEach((params: Params) => {
      this.foo = params['foo'];
      this.fruit = params['fruit'];
  });
  console.log(this.foo, this.fruit); // you should get your parameters here
}

Source : https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/router.html

Answer

Angular2 v2.1.0 (stable):

The ActivatedRoute provides an observable one can subscribe.

  constructor(
     private route: ActivatedRoute
  ) { }

  this.route.params.subscribe(params => {
     let value = params[key];
  });

This triggers everytime the route gets updated, as well: /home/files/123 -> /home/files/321

Answer

Angular 4:

I have included JS (for OG's) and TS versions below.

.html

<a [routerLink]="['/search', { tag: 'fish' } ]">A link</a>

In the above I am using the link parameter array see sources below for more information.

routing.js

(function(app) {
    app.routing = ng.router.RouterModule.forRoot([
        { path: '', component: indexComponent },
        { path: 'search', component: searchComponent }
    ]);
})(window.app || (window.app = {}));

searchComponent.js

(function(app) {
    app.searchComponent =
        ng.core.Component({
            selector: 'search',
                templateUrl: 'view/search.html'
            })
            .Class({
                constructor: [ ng.router.Router, ng.router.ActivatedRoute, function(router, activatedRoute) {
                // Pull out the params with activatedRoute...
                console.log(' params', activatedRoute.snapshot.params);
                // Object {tag: "fish"}
            }]
        }
    });
})(window.app || (window.app = {}));

routing.ts (excerpt)

const appRoutes: Routes = [
  { path: '', component: IndexComponent },
  { path: 'search', component: SearchComponent }
];
@NgModule({
  imports: [
    RouterModule.forRoot(appRoutes)
    // other imports here
  ],
  ...
})
export class AppModule { }

searchComponent.ts

import 'rxjs/add/operator/switchMap';
import { OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, ActivatedRoute, Params } from '@angular/router';

export class SearchComponent implements OnInit {

constructor(
   private route: ActivatedRoute,
   private router: Router
) {}
ngOnInit() {
    this.route.params
      .switchMap((params: Params) => doSomething(params['tag']))
 }

More infos:

"Link Parameter Array" https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/router.html#!#link-parameters-array

"Activated Route - the one stop shop for route info" https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/router.html#!#activated-route

Answer

For Angular 4

Url:

http://example.com/company/100

Router Path :

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: 'company/:companyId', component: CompanyDetailsComponent},

]

Component:

@Component({
  selector: 'company-details',
  templateUrl: './company.details.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./company.component.css']
})
export class CompanyDetailsComponent{
   companyId: string;

   constructor(private router: Router, private route: ActivatedRoute) {
          this.route.params.subscribe(params => {
          this.companyId = params.companyId;
          console.log('companyId :'+this.companyId);
     }); 
  }
}

Console Output:

companyId : 100

Answer

According to Angular2 documentation you should use:

@RouteConfig([
   {path: '/login/:token', name: 'Login', component: LoginComponent},
])

@Component({ template: 'login: {{token}}' })
class LoginComponent{
   token: string;
   constructor(params: RouteParams) {
      this.token = params.get('token');
   }
}
Answer

Angular 5+ Update

The route.snapshot provides the initial value of the route parameter map. You can access the parameters directly without subscribing or adding observable operators. It's much simpler to write and read:

Quote from the Angular Docs

To break it down for you, here is how to do it with the new router:

this.router.navigate(['/login'], { queryParams: { token:'1234'} });

And then in the login component (notice the new .snapshot added):

constructor(private route: ActivatedRoute) {}
ngOnInit() {
    this.sessionId = this.route.snapshot.queryParams['token']

}
Answer

In Angular 6, I found this simpler way:

navigate(["/yourpage", { "someParamName": "paramValue"}]);

Then in the constructor or in ngInit you can directly use:

let value = this.route.snapshot.params.someParamName;
Answer

The simple way to do that in Angular 7+ is to:

Define a path in your ?-routing.module.ts

{ path: '/yourpage', component: component-name }

Import the ActivateRoute and Router module in your component and inject them in the constructor

contructor(private route: ActivateRoute, private router: Router){ ... }

Subscribe the ActivateRoute to the ngOnInit

ngOnInit() {

    this.route.queryParams.subscribe(params => {
      console.log(params);
      // {page: '2' }
    })
}

Provide it to a link:

<a [routerLink]="['/yourpage']" [queryParams]="{ page: 2 }">2</a>

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