How can I promisify the MongoDB native Javascript driver using bluebird?

I'd like to use the MongoDB native JS driver with bluebird promises. How can I use Promise.promisifyAll() on this library?

Answers:

Answer

The 2.0 branch documentation contains a better promisification guide https://github.com/petkaantonov/bluebird/blob/master/API.md#promisification

It actually has mongodb example which is much simpler:

var Promise = require("bluebird");
var MongoDB = require("mongodb");
Promise.promisifyAll(MongoDB);
Answer

When using Promise.promisifyAll(), it helps to identify a target prototype if your target object must be instantiated. In case of the MongoDB JS driver, the standard pattern is:

  • Get a Db object, using either MongoClient static method or the Db constructor
  • Call Db#collection() to get a Collection object.

So, borrowing from https://stackoverflow.com/a/21733446/741970, you can:

var Promise = require('bluebird');
var mongodb = require('mongodb');
var MongoClient = mongodb.MongoClient;
var Collection = mongodb.Collection;

Promise.promisifyAll(Collection.prototype);
Promise.promisifyAll(MongoClient);

Now you can:

var client = MongoClient.connectAsync('mongodb://localhost:27017/test')
    .then(function(db) {
        return db.collection("myCollection").findOneAsync({ id: 'someId' })
    })
    .then(function(item) {
      // Use `item`
    })
    .catch(function(err) {
        // An error occurred
    });

This gets you pretty far, except it'll also help to make sure the Cursor objects returned by Collection#find() are also promisified. In the MongoDB JS driver, the cursor returned by Collection#find() is not built from a prototype. So, you can wrap the method and promisify the cursor each time. This isn't necessary if you don't use cursors, or don't want to incur the overhead. Here's one approach:

Collection.prototype._find = Collection.prototype.find;
Collection.prototype.find = function() {
    var cursor = this._find.apply(this, arguments);
    cursor.toArrayAsync = Promise.promisify(cursor.toArray, cursor);
    cursor.countAsync = Promise.promisify(cursor.count, cursor);
    return cursor;
}
Answer

I know this has been answered several times, but I wanted to add in a little more information regarding this topic. Per Bluebird's own documentation, you should use the 'using' for cleaning up connections and prevent memory leaks. Resource Management in Bluebird

I looked all over the place for how to do this correctly and information was scarce so I thought I'd share what I found after much trial and error. The data I used below (restaurants) came from the MongoDB sample data. You can get that here: MongoDB Import Data

// Using dotenv for environment / connection information
require('dotenv').load();
var Promise = require('bluebird'),
    mongodb = Promise.promisifyAll(require('mongodb'))
    using = Promise.using;

function getConnectionAsync(){
    // process.env.MongoDbUrl stored in my .env file using the require above
    return mongodb.MongoClient.connectAsync(process.env.MongoDbUrl)
        // .disposer is what handles cleaning up the connection
        .disposer(function(connection){
            connection.close();
        });
}

// The two methods below retrieve the same data and output the same data
// but the difference is the first one does as much as it can asynchronously
// while the 2nd one uses the blocking versions of each
// NOTE: using limitAsync seems to go away to never-never land and never come back!

// Everything is done asynchronously here with promises
using(
    getConnectionAsync(),
    function(connection) {
        // Because we used promisifyAll(), most (if not all) of the
        // methods in what was promisified now have an Async sibling
        // collection : collectionAsync
        // find : findAsync
        // etc.
        return connection.collectionAsync('restaurants')
            .then(function(collection){
                return collection.findAsync()
            })
            .then(function(data){
                return data.limit(10).toArrayAsync();
            });
    }
// Before this ".then" is called, the using statement will now call the
// .dispose() that was set up in the getConnectionAsync method
).then(
    function(data){
        console.log("end data", data);
    }
);

// Here, only the connection is asynchronous - the rest are blocking processes
using(
    getConnectionAsync(),
    function(connection) {
        // Here because I'm not using any of the Async functions, these should
        // all be blocking requests unlike the promisified versions above
        return connection.collection('restaurants').find().limit(10).toArray();
    }
).then(
    function(data){
        console.log("end data", data);
    }
);

I hope this helps someone else out who wanted to do things by the Bluebird book.

Answer

Version 1.4.9 of mongodb should now be easily promisifiable as such:

Promise.promisifyAll(mongo.Cursor.prototype);

See https://github.com/mongodb/node-mongodb-native/pull/1201 for more details.

Answer

We have been using the following driver in production for a while now. Its essentially a promise wrapper over the native node.js driver. It also adds some additional helper functions.

poseidon-mongo - https://github.com/playlyfe/poseidon-mongo

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