Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read property 'push' of undefined (React-Router-Dom)

I have a Dashboard with rotating slides, each of which has a corresponding tab in Bldgs. Both Dashboard.js and Bldgs.js are children to my App.js.

When a user clicks on a specific slide A in Dashboard.js, Dashboard needs to tell App.js so that App can tell Bldgs.js to have tab A displayed when it routes to Bldgs.

I believe that I am passing the correct index value from Dashboard up to App and down to Bldgs. However, an error is being thrown in my App.js file stating:

Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read property 'push' of undefined

My code was working fine before I started passing my handleClick() function to my Dashboard component.

Index.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App';
import './index.css';
import injectTapEventPlugin from 'react-tap-event-plugin';
import MuiThemeProvider from 'material-ui/styles/MuiThemeProvider';
import { BrowserRouter as Router } from 'react-router-dom';
import { hashHistory } from 'react-router';

// Needed for onTouchTap
// http://stackoverflow.com/a/34015469/988941
injectTapEventPlugin();

ReactDOM.render(
  <MuiThemeProvider>
    <Router history={hashHistory}>
      <App />
    </Router>
  </MuiThemeProvider>,
  document.getElementById('root')
);

App.js

import React from 'react';
import { Route } from 'react-router-dom';
import Dashboard from './Dashboard';
import Bldgs from './Bldgs';

var selectedTab;

class App extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this);
    selectedTab = 0;
  }

  handleClick(value) {
    selectedTab = value;
    // console.log(selectedTab);
    this.props.history.push('/Bldgs');
    // console.log(this.props);
  }

  render() {
    var _this = this;

    return (
      <div>
        <Route exact path="/" render={(props) => <Dashboard {...props} handleClick={_this.handleClick} />} />
        <Route path="/Bldgs" component={Bldgs} curTab={selectedTab} />
      </div>
    );
  }
}

export default App;

Dashboard.js

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import './Dashboard.css';
import { AutoRotatingCarousel, Slide } from 'material-auto-rotating-carousel';
...

var curIndex;

class Dashboard extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.handleEnter = this.handleEnter.bind(this);
    this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this);
    curIndex = 0;
  }

  handleEnter(e) {
    // console.log(curIndex);
    this.props.handleClick(curIndex);
  }

  handleChange(value) {
    // console.log(value);
    curIndex = value;
  }

...
}

export default Dashboard;

Bldgs.js

...
var curTab;

class Bldgs extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this);
    this.goHome = this.goHome.bind(this);
    curTab = 0;
  }

  handleChange(value) {
    this.setState({'selectedTab': value});
    console.log(this.state);
  }

  goHome(e) {
    this.props.history.push('/');
  }

...
}

export default Bldgs;

Answers:

Answer

In order to make use of history in the App component use it with withRouter. You need to make use of withRouter only when your component is not receiving the Router props,

This may happen in cases when your component is a nested child of a component rendered by the Router or you haven't passed the Router props to it or when the component is not linked to the Router at all and is rendered as a separate component from the Routes.

import React from 'react';
import { Route , withRouter} from 'react-router-dom';
import Dashboard from './Dashboard';
import Bldgs from './Bldgs';

var selectedTab;

class App extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this);
    selectedTab = 0;
  }

  handleClick(value) {
    selectedTab = value;
    // console.log(selectedTab);
    this.props.history.push('/Bldgs');
    // console.log(this.props);
  }

  render() {
    var _this = this;

    return (
      <div>
        <Route exact path="/" render={(props) => <Dashboard {...props} handleClick={_this.handleClick} />} />
        <Route path="/Bldgs" component={Bldgs} curTab={selectedTab} />
      </div>
    );
  }
}

export default withRouter(App);

Documentation on withRouter

Answer

for React-router V4 change the function to

onClick={this.fun.bind(this)}

fun() {
  this.props.history.push("/Home");
}

and

import { withRouter } from 'react-router-dom';

export it later as:

export default withRouter (comp_name);
Answer

See my App.js file below. I ended up passing {...this.props} to the NavBar Component that I had created. The NavBar component is not part of my Switch routes.

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { Route, Link, Redirect, Switch, withRouter } from 'react-router-dom'

import Navbar from './Navbar.js';
import Home from './Home/HomeCont';
import Login from './Register/Login';
import Dashboard from './Dashboard/DashboardCont';


import './App.css';

class App extends Component {
  constructor(props){
    super(props);

  }

  render() {
    return (
      <div className="App">
        <header className="App-header">

//SOLUTION!!!
          <Navbar {...this.props}/>


        </header>
        <Switch>
          <React.Fragment>
            <Route exact path="/" render={(props) => <Home {...props}/>}/>

            <Route exact path="/login" render={(props) => <Login {...props}/>}/>


          </React.Fragment>


        </Switch>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

export default withRouter(App);

Within my Navbar. The button I used had the following code. I had to .bind(this) to see the history and be able to user this.props.history.push("/")

<Button
   color="inherit"
   onClick={this.handleLogout.bind(this)}>Logout</Button>
Answer

You are trying to push with out giving the task to a valid library. on App.js

So: on App.js

You are using BrowserRouter which is handling the history of pages by default, with this react-router-dom function you are relying on BrowserRouter to do this fore you.

Use Router instead of BrowserRouter to gain control of you're history, use history to control the behavior.

  1. Use npm history "yarn add [email protected]" / "npm i [email protected]"
  2. import Route from 'react-router-dom'; //don't use BrowserRouter
  3. import createBrowserHistory from 'createBrowserHistory';

Remember to exoport it !! export const history = createBrowserHistory();

4.import history to Dashboard.js 5.import history to Bldgs.js

hope this helps !!! @brunomiyamotto

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