Forcing a DOM refresh in Internet explorer after javascript dom manipulation

Here is the situation. I have some javascript that looks like this:

function onSubmit() {
    doSomeStuff();
    someSpan.style.display="block";
    otherSpan.style.display="none";
    return doLongRunningOperation;
}

When I make this a form submit action, and run it from a non IE browser, it quickly swaps the two spans visibility and run the long javascript operation. If I do this in IE it does not do the swap until after onSubmit() completely returns.

I can force a dom redraw by sticking an alert box in like so:

function onSubmit() {
    doSomeStuff();
    someSpan.style.display="block";
    otherSpan.style.display="none";
    alert("refresh forced");
    return doLongRunningOperation;
}

Also, the obvious jquery refactoring does not affect the IE behavior:

function onSubmit() {
    doSomeStuff();
    $("#someSpan").show();
    $("#otherSpan").hide();
    return doLongRunningOperation;
}

This behavior exists on IE8 and IE6. Is there anyway to force a redraw of the DOM in these browsers?

Answers:

Answer

Can your longRunningOperation be called asynchronously?

Answer

Mozilla (maybe IE as well) will cache/delay executing changes to the DOM which affect display, so that it can calculate all the changes at once instead of repeatedly after each and every statement.

To force an update (to force an immediate, synchronous reflow or relayout), your javascript should read a property that's affected by the change, e.g. the location of someSpan and otherSpan.

(This Mozilla implementation detail is mentioned in the video Faster HTML and CSS: Layout Engine Internals for Web Developers.)

Answer

To continue what ChrisW says:

here's flushing script to flash DOM, so you don't have to call alert(""); (found at http://amolnw.wordpress.com/category/programming/javascript/):

function flushThis(id){
   var msie = 'Microsoft Internet Explorer';
   var tmp = 0;
   var elementOnShow = document.getElementById(id);
   if (navigator.appName == msie){
      tmp = elementOnShow.parentNode.offsetTop  +  'px';
   }else{
      tmp = elementOnShow.offsetTop;
   }
}

It works for me!!! Thanks for the tip.

Answer

element.focus() works for me in IE10

function displayOnOff(){
    var elm = document.getElementById("myDiv");
    elm.style.display="block";
    elm.focus();
    for(var i=0; i<1000000; i++){
        console.log("waiting...............");
    }
    elm.style.display = "none";
}
Answer

I had this problem in Chrome 21 dragging a word that had a letter with a descender ('g'). It was leaving a trail of moth dust behind on the screen, which would vanish the next time something made the screen refresh. ChrisW's solution (interrogating a layout-sensitive property) didn't work.

What did work was to add a 1-pixel blank div at the top of the page, then remove it a millisecond later, by calling the following the function at the end of the drag operation:

// Needed by Chrome, as of Release 21. Triggers a screen refresh, removing drag garbage.
function cleanDisplay() {
    var c = document.createElement('div');
    c.innerHTML = 'x';
    c.style.visibility = 'hidden';
    c.style.height = '1px';
    document.body.insertBefore(c, document.body.firstChild);
    window.setTimeout(function() {document.body.removeChild(c)}, 1);
}

Note: You need the delay. Simply adding and removing the div doesn't work. Also, the div needs to be added above the part of the page that needs to be redrawn.

Answer

You can also wrap you longterm function in a setTimeout(function(){longTerm();},1);

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