How can val() return Number?

In the valdocs written this description:

.val() Returns: String, Number, Array

I tried to get a Number, but it seems to return string only, Is there something that I'm doing wrong?


alert($('#gdoron').val() === '1'); // true 
alert(typeof $('#gdoron').val());  // string.


alert($('#gdoron').val() === 1);  // false
alert(typeof $('#gdoron').val()); // string (not "number"!)
<script src=""></script>
<input type="text" id="gdoron" />

My question is: how can val() return number as the docs says? The question is not about how can I parse the string.




Some HTML5 elements e.g. progress;

console.log(typeof $("#prog").val()); // number 
<script src=""></script>
<progress value="50" max="100" id="prog"></progress>


A text input's value attribute will always return a string. You need to parseInt the value to get an integer:

parseInt($('#myInput').val(), 10);

I've done a bit of quick peeking around, and I think I have an answer. If you look at the implementation of the val function you can see that if a so-called val-hook is in place, if the val-hook returns a number, that number will be returned as-is from the val function. I found this discussion which suggests that val-hooks are primarily used by plugins to create custom controls, such as sliders, etc., where the "natural" return value of val could be an integer. Hope this sheds a bit of light on your question.


Hmm. For all these in the console, jQuery $($0).val() and Javascript's $0.value return the string "3":

<input type='number' value='3'/>
<input type='text' value='3'/>
<input type='radio' value='3'/>
<input type='checkbox' value='3'/>

So I think the jQuery val() documentation could be clearer. I can't see how it would ever return a number value so I'd suggest using parseInt($($0).val()) or parseFloat($($0).val()).


You could simply create a jquery plugin to use instead of val() that would do this. Here I create the function nval() to use instead of val() when fetching a elements value.

$.fn.nval = function() {
   return Number(this.val())

Then in your code just use the following to get the value as a number


Using the unary operators -, + and ~ before the $ will return a number in this case.

alert(typeof +$('#gdoron').val()); // number

More details in this answer.


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