Double exclamation points? [duplicate]

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What is the !! (not not) operator in JavaScript?
What does the !! operator (double exclamation point) mean in JavaScript?

So I was debuging some code and ran across this:

var = 0; // this is actually passed from another function, adding it for context

function(foo) {
    var someVar = !!;

    if ( {
      // ..stuff happens
    } else {
      // .. something else happens

Okay my questions is what is the point of !!? All that is doing is making the 0 === false.

  1. Is there any benefit to using that compared to boolean(

  2. can be evaluated in an if as is because 0 === false already, so why go through the conversion? (someVar is not reused anywhere else)



This converts a value to a boolean and ensures a boolean type.

"foo"      // Evaluates to "foo".
!"foo"     // Evaluates to false.
!!"foo"    // Evaluates to true.

If is passed through, then it may not be 0 but some other falsy value. See the following truth table:

Truth Table for javascript

''        ==   '0'           // false
0         ==   ''            // true
0         ==   '0'           // true
false     ==   'false'       // false
false     ==   '0'           // true
false     ==   undefined     // false
false     ==   null          // false
null      ==   undefined     // true
" \t\r\n" ==   0             // true

Source: Doug Crockford

Javascript also gets really weird when it comes to NaN values. And this is the only case I can think of off the top of my head where !! would behave differently to ===.

NaN   ===  NaN     //false
!!NaN === !!NaN    //true

// !!NaN is false

As stated above, it forces an object with a boolean type. You can see for yourself:

(function typecheck() {
  var a = "a";
  var b = !a;
  var c = !!a;

  alert("var a = " + typeof(a) + "\n" +
        "var b = " + typeof(b) + "\n" +
        "var c = " + typeof(c));

If you are simply doing comparisons, the conversion merely saves you a type coercion later on.

FYI, the following values are coerced to FALSE in JavaScript:

  • false
  • 0
  • ""
  • null
  • undefined

I think the answer is that there isn't really much point. We can speculate about how it came about:

  • maybe an earlier version of the function used someVar in multiple places, or in ways that genuinely benefited from having true or false, so this made more sense.
  • maybe the person who wrote the function is so used to using !! to convert to true/false that (s)he didn't even notice that it wasn't necessary here.
  • maybe the person who wrote the function feels that every computation (in this case, Boolean conversion) should be given a meaningful name by assigning some variable to its result.
  • maybe, since Boolean conversion in JavaScript is surprisingly error-prone (in that e.g. new Boolean(false) is a true-valued value), the person who wrote the function feels that it should always be done explicitly rather than implicitly — even though the effect is the same — just to call attention to it as a potential point of error.
    • this, of course, presupposes that the person who wrote the function thinks of !! as an "explicit" Boolean conversion. Technically it's not — it uses the same implicit Boolean conversion that if does — but if you're used to this idiom, then it amounts to an explicit conversion.

but in my subjective opinion, none of those reasons is a very good one!


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