How to use if statements in underscore.js templates?

I'm using the underscore.js templating function and have done a template like this:

<script type="text/template" id="gridItem">
    <div class="griditem <%= gridType %> <%= gridSize %>">
        <img src="<%= image %>" />
        <div class="content">
            <span class="subheading"><%= categoryName %></span>
            <% if (date) { %><span class="date"><%= date %></span><% }  %>
            <h2><%= title %></h2>

As you can see I have an if statement in there because all of my models won't have the date parameter. However this way of doing it gives me an error date is not defined. So, how can I do if statements within a template?



If you prefer shorter if else statement, you can use this shorthand:

<%= typeof(id)!== 'undefined' ?  id : '' %>

It means display the id if is valid and blank if it wasn't.


Here is a simple if/else check in underscore.js, if you need to include a null check.

<div class="editor-label">
    <label>First Name : </label>
<div class="editor-field">
    <% if(FirstName == null) { %>
        <input type="text" id="txtFirstName" value="" />
    <% } else { %>
        <input type="text" id="txtFirstName" value="<%=FirstName%>" />
    <% } %>

Responding to blackdivine above (about how to stripe one's results), you may have already found your answer (if so, shame on you for not sharing!), but the easiest way of doing so is by using the modulus operator. say, for example, you're working in a for loop:

<% for(i=0, l=myLongArray.length; i<l; ++i) { %>
<% } %>

Within that loop, simply check the value of your index (i, in my case):

<% if(i%2) { %>class="odd"<% } else { %>class="even" <% }%>

Doing this will check the remainder of my index divided by two (toggling between 1 and 0 for each index row).


You can try _.isUndefined

<% if (!_.isUndefined(date)) { %><span class="date"><%= date %></span><% } %>

To check for null values you could use _.isNull from official documentation


Returns true if the value of object is null.

=> true
=> false

This should do the trick:

<% if (typeof(date) !== "undefined") { %>
    <span class="date"><%= date %></span>
<% } %>

Remember that in underscore.js templates if and for are just standard javascript syntax wrapped in <% %> tags.


Depending on the situation and or your style, you might also wanna use print inside your <% %> tags, as it allows for direct output. Like:

<% if (typeof(id) != "undefined") {
else {
    print('new Model');
} %>

And for the original snippet with some concatenation:

<% if (typeof(date) != "undefined") {
    print('<span class="date">' + date + '</span>');
} %>

From here:

"You can also refer to the properties of the data object via that object, instead of accessing them as variables." Meaning that for OP's case this will work (with a significantly smaller change than other possible solutions):

<% if ( { %><span class="date"><%= date %></span><% }  %>


Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.