Inserting string at position x of another string

I have two variables and need to insert string b into string a at the point represented by position. The result I'm looking for is "I want an apple". How can I do this with JavaScript?

var a = 'I want apple';
var b = ' an';
var position = 6;

Answers:

Answer
var output = a.substring(0, position) + b + a.substring(position);

Edit: replaced .substr with .substring because .substr is now a legacy function (per https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/String/substr)

Answer

You can add this function to string class

String.prototype.insert_at=function(index, string)
{   
  return this.substr(0, index) + string + this.substr(index);
}

so that you can use it on any string object:

var my_string = "abcd";
my_string.insertAt(1, "XX");
Answer

Maybe it's even better if you determine position using indexOf() like this:

function insertString(a, b, at)
{
    var position = a.indexOf(at); 

    if (position !== -1)
    {
        return a.substr(0, position) + b + a.substr(position);    
    }  

    return "substring not found";
}

then call the function like this:

insertString("I want apple", "an ", "apple");

Note, that I put a space after the "an " in the function call, rather than in the return statement.

Answer

Using ES6 string literals, would be much shorter:

const insertAt = (str, sub, pos) => `${str.slice(0, pos)}${sub}${str.slice(pos)}`;
    
console.log(insertAt('I want apple', ' an', 6)) // logs 'I want an apple'

Answer

Well just a small change 'cause the above solution outputs

"I want anapple"

instead of

"I want an apple"

To get the output as

"I want an apple"

use the following modified code

var output = a.substr(0, position) + " " + b + a.substr(position);
Answer

Quick fix! If you don't want to manually add a space, you can do this:

var a = "I want apple";
var b = "an";
var position = 6;
var output = [a.slice(0, position + 1), b, a.slice(position)].join('');
console.log(output);

(edit: i see that this is actually answered above, sorry!)

Answer

If ES2018's lookbehind is available, one more regexp solution, that makes use of it to "replace" at a zero-width position after the Nth character (similar to @Kamil Kie?czewski's, but without storing the initial characters in a capturing group):

"I want apple".replace(/(?<=^.{6})/, " an")

var a = "I want apple";
var b = " an";
var position = 6;

var r= a.replace(new RegExp(`(?<=^.{${position}})`), b);

console.log(r);
console.log("I want apple".replace(/(?<=^.{6})/, " an"));

Answer

var a = "I want apple";
var b = " an";
var position = 6;
var output = [a.slice(0, position), b, a.slice(position)].join('');
console.log(output);


Optional: As a prototype method of String

The following can be used to splice text within another string at a desired index, with an optional removeCount parameter.

if (String.prototype.splice === undefined) {
  /**
   * Splices text within a string.
   * @param {int} offset The position to insert the text at (before)
   * @param {string} text The text to insert
   * @param {int} [removeCount=0] An optional number of characters to overwrite
   * @returns {string} A modified string containing the spliced text.
   */
  String.prototype.splice = function(offset, text, removeCount=0) {
    let calculatedOffset = offset < 0 ? this.length + offset : offset;
    return this.substring(0, calculatedOffset) +
      text + this.substring(calculatedOffset + removeCount);
  };
}

let originalText = "I want apple";

// Positive offset
console.log(originalText.splice(6, " an"));
// Negative index
console.log(originalText.splice(-5, "an "));
// Chaining
console.log(originalText.splice(6, " an").splice(2, "need", 4).splice(0, "You", 1));
.as-console-wrapper { top: 0; max-height: 100% !important; }

Answer

The Underscore.String library has a function that does Insert

insert(string, index, substring) => string

like so

insert("Hello ", 6, "world");
// => "Hello world"
Answer

try

a.slice(0,position) + b + a.slice(position)

var a = "I want apple";
var b = " an";
var position = 6;

var r= a.slice(0,position) + b + a.slice(position);

console.log(r);

or regexp solution

"I want apple".replace(/^(.{6})/,"$1 an")

var a = "I want apple";
var b = " an";
var position = 6;

var r= a.replace(new RegExp(`^(.{${position}})`),"$1"+b);

console.log(r);
console.log("I want apple".replace(/^(.{6})/,"$1 an"));

Answer
var array = a.split(' '); 
array.splice(position, 0, b);
var output = array.join(' ');

This would be slower, but will take care of the addition of space before and after the an Also, you'll have to change the value of position ( to 2, it's more intuitive now)

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.