How can I create and style a div using JavaScript?

How can I use JavaScript to create and style (and append to the page) a div, with content? I know it's possible, but how?

Answers:

Answer

Depends on how you're doing it. Pure javascript:

var div = document.createElement('div');
div.innerHTML = "my <b>new</b> skill - <large>DOM maniuplation!</large>";
// set style
div.style.color = 'red';
// better to use CSS though - just set class
div.setAttribute('class', 'myclass'); // and make sure myclass has some styles in css
document.body.appendChild(div);

Doing the same using jquery is embarrassingly easy:

$('body')
.append('my DOM manupulation skills dont seem like a big deal when using jquery')
.css('color', 'red').addClass('myclass');

Cheers!

Answer

this solution uses the jquery library

$('#elementId').append("<div class='classname'>content</div>");
Answer

While other answers here work, I notice you asked for a div with content. So here's my version with extra content. JSFiddle link at the bottom.

JavaScript (with comments):

// Creating a div element
var divElement = document.createElement("Div");
divElement.id = "divID";

// Styling it
divElement.style.textAlign = "center";
divElement.style.fontWeight = "bold";
divElement.style.fontSize = "smaller";
divElement.style.paddingTop = "15px";

// Adding a paragraph to it
var paragraph = document.createElement("P");
var text = document.createTextNode("Another paragraph, yay! This one will be styled different from the rest since we styled the DIV we specifically created.");
paragraph.appendChild(text);
divElement.appendChild(paragraph);

// Adding a button, cause why not!
var button = document.createElement("Button");
var textForButton = document.createTextNode("Release the alert");
button.appendChild(textForButton);
button.addEventListener("click", function(){
    alert("Hi!");
});
divElement.appendChild(button);

// Appending the div element to body
document.getElementsByTagName("body")[0].appendChild(divElement);

HTML:

<body>
  <h1>Title</h1>
  <p>This is a paragraph. Well, kind of.</p>
</body>

CSS:

h1 { color: #333333; font-family: 'Bitter', serif; font-size: 50px; font-weight: normal; line-height: 54px; margin: 0 0 54px; }

p { color: #333333; font-family: Georgia, serif; font-size: 18px; line-height: 28px; margin: 0 0 28px; }

Note: CSS lines borrowed from Ratal Tomal

JSFiddle: https://jsfiddle.net/Rani_Kheir/erL7aowz/

Answer

Here's one solution that I'd use:

var div = '<div id="yourId" class="yourClass" yourAttribute="yourAttributeValue">blah</div>';

If you wanted the attribute and/or attribute values to be based on variables:

var id = "hello";
var classAttr = "class";
var div = '<div id='+id+' '+classAttr+'="world" >Blah</div>';

Then, to append to the body:

document.getElementsByTagName("body").innerHTML = div;

Easy as pie.

Answer

You can create like this

board.style.cssText = "position:fixed;height:100px;width:100px;background:#ddd;"

document.getElementById("main").appendChild(board);

Complete Runnable Snippet:

var board;
board= document.createElement("div");
board.id = "mainBoard";
board.style.cssText = "position:fixed;height:100px;width:100px;background:#ddd;"
    
document.getElementById("main").appendChild(board);
<body>
<div id="main"></div>
</body>

Answer

create div with id name

var divCreator=function (id){
newElement=document.createElement("div");
newNode=document.body.appendChild(newElement);
newNode.setAttribute("id",id);
}

add text to div

var textAdder = function(id, text) {
target = document.getElementById(id)
target.appendChild(document.createTextNode(text));
}

test code

divCreator("div1");
textAdder("div1", "this is paragraph 1");

output

this is paragraph 1
Answer

Another thing I like to do is creating an object and then looping thru the object and setting the styles like that because it can be tedious writing every single style one by one.

var bookStyles = {
   color: "red",
   backgroundColor: "blue",
   height: "300px",
   width: "200px"
};

let div = document.createElement("div");

for (let style in bookStyles) {
 div.style[style] = bookStyles[style];
}

body.appendChild(div);
Answer

var div = document.createElement("div");
div.style.width = "100px";
div.style.height = "100px";
div.style.background = "red";
div.style.color = "white";
div.innerHTML = "Hello";

document.getElementById("main").appendChild(div);
<body>
<div id="main"></div>
</body>

var div = document.createElement("div");
div.style.width = "100px";
div.style.height = "100px";
div.style.background = "red";
div.style.color = "white";
div.innerHTML = "Hello";

document.getElementById("main").appendChild(div);
OR
document.body.appendChild(div);

Use parent reference instead of document.body.

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.