Delete item from state array in react

The story is, I should be able to put Bob, Sally and Jack into a box. I can also remove either from the box. When removed, no slot is left.

people = ["Bob", "Sally", "Jack"]

I now need to remove, say, "Bob". The new array would be:

["Sally", "Jack"]

Here is my react component:

...

getInitialState: function() {
  return{
    people: [],
  }
},

selectPeople(e){
  this.setState({people: this.state.people.concat([e.target.value])})
},

removePeople(e){
  var array = this.state.people;
  var index = array.indexOf(e.target.value); // Let's say it's Bob.
  delete array[index];
},

...

Here I show you a minimal code as there is more to it (onClick etc). The key part is to delete, remove, destroy "Bob" from the array but removePeople() is not working when called. Any ideas? I was looking at this but I might be doing something wrong since I'm using React.

Answers:

Answer

To remove an element from an array, just do:

array.splice(index, 1);

In your case:

removePeople(e) {
  var array = [...this.state.people]; // make a separate copy of the array
  var index = array.indexOf(e.target.value)
  if (index !== -1) {
    array.splice(index, 1);
    this.setState({people: array});
  }
},
Answer

When using React, you should never mutate the state directly. If an object (or Array, which is an object too) is changed, you should create a new copy.

Others have suggested using Array.prototype.splice(), but that method mutates the Array, so it's better not to use splice() with React.

Easiest to use Array.prototype.filter() to create a new array:

removePeople(e) {
    this.setState({people: this.state.people.filter(function(person) { 
        return person !== e.target.value 
    })});
}
Answer

Here is a minor variation on Aleksandr Petrov's response using ES6

removePeople(e) {
    let filteredArray = this.state.people.filter(item => item !== e.target.value)
    this.setState({people: filteredArray});
}
Answer

Use .splice to remove item from array. Using delete, indexes of the array will not be altered but the value of specific index will be undefined

The splice() method changes the content of an array by removing existing elements and/or adding new elements.

Syntax: array.splice(start, deleteCount[, item1[, item2[, ...]]])

var people = ["Bob", "Sally", "Jack"]
var toRemove = 'Bob';
var index = people.indexOf(toRemove);
if (index > -1) { //Make sure item is present in the array, without if condition, -n indexes will be considered from the end of the array.
  people.splice(index, 1);
}
console.log(people);

Edit:

As pointed out by justin-grant, As a rule of thumb, Never mutate this.state directly, as calling setState() afterward may replace the mutation you made. Treat this.state as if it were immutable.

The alternative is, create copies of the objects in this.state and manipulate the copies, assigning them back using setState(). Array#map, Array#filter etc. could be used.

this.setState({people: this.state.people.filter(item => item !== e.target.value);});
Answer

Easy Way To Delete Item From state array in react:

when any data delete from database and update list without API calling that time you pass deleted id to this function and this function remove deleted recored from list

export default class PostList extends Component {
  this.state = {
      postList: [
        {
          id: 1,
          name: 'All Items',
        }, {
          id: 2,
          name: 'In Stock Items',
        }
      ],
    }


    remove_post_on_list = (deletePostId) => {
        this.setState({
          postList: this.state.postList.filter(item => item.post_id != deletePostId)
        })
      }
  
}

Answer

Some answers mentioned using 'splice', which did as Chance Smith said mutated the array. I would suggest you to use the Method call 'slice' (Document for 'slice' is here) which make a copy of the original array.

Answer

It's Very Simple First You Define a value

state = {
  checked_Array: []
}

Now,

fun(index) {
  var checked = this.state.checked_Array;
  var values = checked.indexOf(index)
  checked.splice(values, 1);
  this.setState({checked_Array: checked});
  console.log(this.state.checked_Array)
}
Answer

You forgot to use setState. Example:

removePeople(e){
  var array = this.state.people;
  var index = array.indexOf(e.target.value); // Let's say it's Bob.
  delete array[index];
  this.setState({
    people: array
  })
},

But it's better to use filter because it does not mutate array. Example:

removePeople(e){
  var array = this.state.people.filter(function(item) {
    return item !== e.target.value
  });
  this.setState({
    people: array
  })
},
Answer
   removePeople(e){
    var array = this.state.people;
    var index = array.indexOf(e.target.value); // Let's say it's Bob.
   array.splice(index,1);
  }

Redfer doc for more info

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