REACT - toggle class onclick

I am trying to figure out how to toggle an active class onClick to change CSS properties.

I have taken many approaches, and read many SO answers. Using jquery it would be relatively simple , however, I cannot figure out to do this with react. My code is below. Can anyone advise how I should do this?

Without creating a new component for each item is it possible to do this?

class Test extends Component(){

    constructor(props) {

    super(props);
    this.addActiveClass= this.addActiveClass.bind(this);

  }

  addActiveClass() {

    //not sure what to do here

  }

    render() {
    <div>
      <div onClick={this.addActiveClass}>
        <p>1</p>
      </div>
      <div onClick={this.addActiveClass}>
        <p>2</p>
      </div>
        <div onClick={this.addActiveClass}>
        <p>3</p>
      </div>
    </div>
  }

}

Answers:

Answer

Use state. Reacts docs are here.

class MyComponent extends Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.addActiveClass= this.addActiveClass.bind(this);
        this.state = {
            active: false,
        };
    }
    toggleClass() {
        const currentState = this.state.active;
        this.setState({ active: !currentState });
    };

    render() {
        return (
            <div 
                className={this.state.active ? 'your_className': null} 
                onClick={this.toggleClass} 
            >
                <p>{this.props.text}</p>
            </div>
        )
  }
}

class Test extends Component {
    render() {
        return (
            <div>
                <MyComponent text={'1'} />
                <MyComponent text={'2'} />
            </div>
        );
    }
}
Answer

I would prefer using "&&" -operator on inline if-statement. In my opinnion it gives cleaner codebase this way.

Generally you could be doing something like this

render(){
return(
  <div>
    <button className={this.state.active && 'active'}
      onClick={ () => this.setState({active: !this.state.active}) }>Click me</button>
  </div>
)
}

Just keep in mind arrow function is ES6 feature and remember to set 'this.state.active' value in class constructor(){}

this.state = { active: false }

or if you want to inject css in JSX you are able to do it this way

<button style={this.state.active && style.button} >button</button>

and you can declare style json variable

const style = { button: { background:'red' } }

remember using camelCase on JSX stylesheets.

Answer

Well, your addActiveClass needs to know what was clicked. Something like this could work (notice that I've added the information which divs are active as a state array, and that onClick now passes the information what was clicked as a parameter after which the state is accordingly updated - there are certainly smarter ways to do it, but you get the idea).

class Test extends Component(){

  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {activeClasses: [false, false, false]};
    this.addActiveClass= this.addActiveClass.bind(this);
  }

  addActiveClass(index) {
    const activeClasses = [...this.state.activeClasses.slice(0, index), !this.state.activeClasses[index], this.state.activeClasses.slice(index + 1)].flat();
    this.setState({activeClasses});
  }

  render() {
    const activeClasses = this.state.activeClasses.slice();
    return (
      <div>
        <div className={activeClasses[0]? "active" : "inactive"} onClick={() => this.addActiveClass(0)}>
          <p>0</p>
        </div>
        <div className={activeClasses[1]? "active" : "inactive"} onClick={() => this.addActiveClass(1)}>
          <p>1</p>
        </div>
          <div  onClick={() => this.addActiveClass(2)}>
          <p>2</p>
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  }
}
Answer

using React you can add toggle class to any id/element, try

style.css

.hide-text{
    display: none !important;
    /* transition: 2s all ease-in 0.9s; */
  }
.left-menu-main-link{
    transition: all ease-in 0.4s;
}
.leftbar-open{
    width: 240px;
    min-width: 240px;
    /* transition: all ease-in 0.4s; */
}
.leftbar-close{
    width: 88px;
    min-width:88px;
    transition: all ease-in 0.4s;
}

fileName.js

......
    ToggleMenu=()=>{
             this.setState({
                isActive: !this.state.isActive
              })
              console.log(this.state.isActive)
        }
        render() {
            return (
                <div className={this.state.isActive===true ? "left-panel leftbar-open" : "left-panel leftbar-close"} id="leftPanel">
                    <div className="top-logo-container"  onClick={this.ToggleMenu}>
                            <span className={this.state.isActive===true ? "left-menu-main-link hide-from-menu" : "hide-text"}>Welcome!</span>
                    </div>

                    <div className="welcome-member">
                        <span className={this.state.isActive===true ? "left-menu-main-link hide-from-menu" : "hide-text"}>Welcome<br/>SDO Rizwan</span>
                    </div>
    )
    }
......
Answer

React has a concept of components state, so if you want to switch it, do a setState:

constructor(props) {
  super(props);

  this.addActiveClass= this.addActiveClass.bind(this);
  this.state = {
    isActive: false
  }
}

addActiveClass() {
  this.setState({
    isActive: true
  })
}

In your component use this.state.isActive to render what you need.

This gets more complicated when you want to set state in component#1 and use it in component#2. Just dig more into react unidirectional data flow and possibly redux that will help you handle it.

Answer

A good sample would help to understand things better:

HTML

<div id="root">
</div>

CSS

.box {
  display: block;
  width: 200px;
  height: 200px;
  background-color: gray;
  color: white;
  text-align: center;
  vertical-align: middle;
  cursor: pointer;
}
.box.green {
  background-color: green; 
}

React code

class App extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {addClass: false}
  }
  toggle() {
    this.setState({addClass: !this.state.addClass});
  }
  render() {
    let boxClass = ["box"];
    if(this.state.addClass) {
      boxClass.push('green');
    }
    return(
        <div className={boxClass.join(' ')} onClick={this.toggle.bind(this)}>{this.state.addClass ? "Remove a class" : "Add a class (click the box)"}<br />Read the tutorial <a href="http://www.automationfuel.com" target="_blank">here</a>.</div>       
    );
  }
}
ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById("root"));
Answer

you can add toggle class or toggle state on click

class Test extends Component(){
  state={
  active:false, 
 }
  toggleClass() {
    console.log(this.state.active)
    this.setState=({
     active:true,
   })
  }

    render() {
    <div>
      <div onClick={this.toggleClass.bind(this)}>
        <p>1</p>
      </div>
    </div>
  }

}
Answer

I started learning React recently and wanted to build a tab just to see how far my knowledge has gone. I came across this and decided to implement something without redux. I kind of feel the answers don't reflect what op wants to achieve. He wants only one active component but the answers here will set all components active. I have given it a shot.

Below is a tab file

import React, { Component } from 'react';


class Tab extends Component {

    render(){
        const tabClassName = "col-xs-3 tab-bar";
        const activeTab = this.props.activeKey === this.props.keyNumber ? "active-tab" : null;
        return (
                <div 
                    className = {`${tabClassName} ${activeTab}`}
                    onClick={()=>this.props.onClick(this.props.keyNumber)}
                >
                    I am here
                </div>
        );
    }
}


export default Tab;

The tabs file...

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import Tab from './tab';

class Tabs extends Component {

    constructor(props){
        super(props);

        this.state = {
            currentActiveKey: 0,
            tabNumber: 2
        };

        this.setActive = this.setActive.bind(this);
        this.setTabNumber = this.setTabNumber.bind(this);
    }

    setTabNumber(number){
        this.setState({
            tabNumber: number
        });
    }

    setActive (key){
        this.setState({
            currentActiveKey: key 
        });
    }

    render(){
        let tabs = [];
        for(let i = 0; i <= this.state.tabNumber; i++){
            let tab = <Tab key={i} keyNumber={i} onClick={this.setActive} activeKey={this.state.currentActiveKey}/>;
            tabs.push(tab);
        }
        return (
            <div className="row">
                {tabs}
            </div>
        );
    }
}


export default Tabs;

your index file...

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import Tabs from './components/tabs';


ReactDOM.render(
    <Tabs />
  , document.querySelector('.container'));

and the css

.tab-bar {
    margin: 10px 10px;
    border: 1px solid grey;
}

.active-tab {
    border-top: 1px solid red;
}

This is a skeleton of something I want to improve on so increasing the tabNumber beyond 4 will break the css.

Answer

Here is a code I came Up with:

import React, {Component} from "react";
import './header.css'

export default class Header extends Component{
    state = {
        active : false
    };


    toggleMenuSwitch = () => {
        this.setState((state)=>{
            return{
                active: !state.active
            }
        })
    };
    render() {
        //destructuring
        const {active} = this.state;

        let className = 'toggle__sidebar';

        if(active){
            className += ' active';
        }

        return(
            <header className="header">
                <div className="header__wrapper">
                    <div className="header__cell header__cell--logo opened">
                        <a href="#" className="logo">
                            <img src="https://www.nrgcrm.olezzek.id.lv/images/logo.svg" alt=""/>
                        </a>
                        <a href="#" className={className}
                           onClick={ this.toggleMenuSwitch }
                           data-toggle="sidebar">
                            <i></i>
                        </a>
                    </div>
                    <div className="header__cell">

                    </div>
                </div>
            </header>
        );
    };
};
Answer

The above answers will work, but just in case you want a different approach, try classname: https://github.com/JedWatson/classnames

Answer

You can also do this with hooks.

function MyComponent (props) {
  const [isActive, setActive] = useState(false);

  const toggleClass = () => {
    setActive(!isActive);
  };

  return (
    <div 
      className={isActive ? 'your_className': null} 
      onClick={toggleClass} 
    >
      <p>{props.text}</p>
    </div>
   );
}  
Answer

Thanks to @cssko for providing the correct answer, but if you tried it yourself you will realise it does not work. A suggestion has been made by @Matei Radu, but was rejected by @cssko, so the code remains unrunnable (it will throw error 'Cannot read property bind of undefined'). Below is the working correct answer:

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.addActiveClass = this.addActiveClass.bind(this);
    this.state = {
      active: false,
    };
  }
  addActiveClass() {
    const currentState = this.state.active;
    this.setState({
      active: !currentState
    });
  };

  render() {
    return ( <
      div className = {
        this.state.active ? 'your_className' : null
      }
      onClick = {
        this.addActiveClass
      } >
      <
      p > {
        this.props.text
      } < /p> < /
      div >
    )
  }
}

class Test extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return ( <
      div >
      <
      MyComponent text = {
        'Clicking this will toggle the opacity through css class'
      }
      /> < /
      div >
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render( <
  Test / > ,
  document.body
);
.your_className {
  opacity: 0.3
}
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/16.12.0/umd/react.production.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react-dom/16.12.0/umd/react-dom.production.min.js"></script>

Answer

React has a concept of components state, so if you want to Toggle, use setState:

  1. App.js
import React from 'react';

import TestState from './components/TestState';

class App extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <div className="App">
        <h1>React State Example</h1>
        <TestState/>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

export default App;
  1. components/TestState.js
import React from 'react';

class TestState extends React.Component
{

    constructor()
    {
        super();
        this.state = {
            message: 'Please subscribe',
            status: "Subscribe"
        }
    }

    changeMessage()
    {
        if (this.state.status === 'Subscribe')
        {
            this.setState({message : 'Thank You For Scubscribing.', status: 'Unsubscribe'})
        }
        else
        {
            this.setState({ message: 'Please subscribe', status: 'Subscribe' })
        }
    }
    
    render()
    {
        return (
            <div>
                <h1>{this.state.message}</h1>
        <button onClick={()=> this.changeMessage() } >{this.state.status}</button>
            </div>
        )
    }
}

export default TestState;
  1. Output

enter image description here

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.