keypress and keyup - why is the keyCode different?

Related: JavaScript KeyCode vs CharCode

Here is some code you can try at home or in a jsfiddle:

el.addEventListener( 'keyup', function( e ) { 
    console.log( 'Keyup event' );
    console.log( e.keyCode );
} ); 
el.addEventListener( 'keypress', function( e ) { 
    console.log( 'Keypress event' );
    console.log( e.keyCode );
} );

Why is the keyCode different?

I can understand why one should use keypress only, but what I don't understand is how two key events, given the same hit key on the keyboard, give different keyCodes.

PS: I'm not worrying about legacy browsers support, I tried this in Chrome and was surprised, and couldn't find an explanation.

Answers:

Answer

The events are for completely different purposes. Use keyup and keydown for identifying physical keys and keypress for identifying typed characters. The two are fundamentally different tasks with different events; don't try to mix the two. In particular, keyCode on keypress events is usually redundant and shouldn't be used (except in older IE, but see the linked document below for more on that); for printable keypresses it's usually the same as which and charCode, although there is some variation between browsers.

Jan Wolter's article on key events, already linked to in another answer, is the definitive word on this subject for me and has tables describing what each of the different properties returns for each type of key event and each browser.

Answer

There is a good article on quirksmode.org answering exactly that question. You might also want to look at Unixpapa's results.

Answer

Well, I stumbled upon one difference when i was trying to copy user's entry from one input of the form to some other part of the form , which I had locked for my for users to edit. What i found was, that whenever a user moved to the next label using key upon completing the input, one last keyboard entry was missed in the copied entry when I used eventListener to keypress and this got resolved on using keyup.

So, in conclusion Keypress listens to the state at the instant when the key was pressed, leaving aside the result of keypress, whereas keyup listens to the system status after the key has been pressed and includes the result of the keypress.

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us

©2020 All rights reserved.