How to format numbers as currency string?

I would like to format a price in JavaScript. I'd like a function which takes a float as an argument and returns a string formatted like this:

"$ 2,500.00"

What's the best way to do this?

Answers:

Answer

Haven't seen anything like this. It's pretty concise and easy to understand.

function moneyFormat(price, sign = '$') {
  const pieces = parseFloat(price).toFixed(2).split('')
  let ii = pieces.length - 3
  while ((ii-=3) > 0) {
    pieces.splice(ii, 0, ',')
  }
  return sign + pieces.join('')
}

console.log(
  moneyFormat(100),
  moneyFormat(1000),
  moneyFormat(10000.00),
  moneyFormat(1000000000000000000)
)

Here is a version with more options in the final output to allow formatting different currencies in different locality formats.

// higher order function that takes options then a price and will return the formatted price
const makeMoneyFormatter = ({
  sign = '$',
  delimiter = ',',
  decimal = '.',
  append = false,
  precision = 2,
  round = true,
  custom
} = {}) => value => {
  
  const e = [1, 10, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, 10000000]
  
  value = round
    ? (Math.round(value * e[precision]) / e[precision])
    : parseFloat(value)
  
  const pieces = value
    .toFixed(precision)
    .replace('.', decimal)
    .split('')
  
  let ii = pieces.length - (precision ? precision + 1 : 0)
  
  while ((ii-=3) > 0) {
    pieces.splice(ii, 0, delimiter)
  }
  
  if (typeof custom === 'function') {
    return custom({
      sign,
      float: value, 
      value: pieces.join('') 
    })
  }
  
  return append
    ? pieces.join('') + sign
    : sign + pieces.join('')
}

// create currency converters with the correct formatting options
const formatDollar = makeMoneyFormatter()
const formatPound = makeMoneyFormatter({ 
  sign: '£',
  precision: 0
})
const formatEuro = makeMoneyFormatter({
  sign: '€',
  delimiter: '.',
  decimal: ',',
  append: true
})

const customFormat = makeMoneyFormatter({
  round: false,
  custom: ({ value, float, sign }) => `SALE:$${value}USD`
})

console.log(
  formatPound(1000),
  formatDollar(10000.0066),
  formatEuro(100000.001),
  customFormat(999999.555)
)

Answer

Number.prototype.toFixed

This solution is compatible with every single major browser:

  const profits = 2489.8237;

  profits.toFixed(3) //returns 2489.824 (rounds up)
  profits.toFixed(2) //returns 2489.82
  profits.toFixed(7) //returns 2489.8237000 (pads the decimals)

All you need is to add the currency symbol (e.g. "$" + profits.toFixed(2)) and you will have your amount in dollars.

Custom function

If you require the use of , between each digit, you can use this function:

function formatMoney(number, decPlaces, decSep, thouSep) {
decPlaces = isNaN(decPlaces = Math.abs(decPlaces)) ? 2 : decPlaces,
decSep = typeof decSep === "undefined" ? "." : decSep;
thouSep = typeof thouSep === "undefined" ? "," : thouSep;
var sign = number < 0 ? "-" : "";
var i = String(parseInt(number = Math.abs(Number(number) || 0).toFixed(decPlaces)));
var j = (j = i.length) > 3 ? j % 3 : 0;

return sign +
	(j ? i.substr(0, j) + thouSep : "") +
	i.substr(j).replace(/(\decSep{3})(?=\decSep)/g, "$1" + thouSep) +
	(decPlaces ? decSep + Math.abs(number - i).toFixed(decPlaces).slice(2) : "");
}

document.getElementById("b").addEventListener("click", event => {
  document.getElementById("x").innerText = "Result was: " + formatMoney(document.getElementById("d").value);
});
<label>Insert your amount: <input id="d" type="text" placeholder="Cash amount" /></label>
<br />
<button id="b">Get Output</button>
<p id="x">(press button to get output)</p>

Use it like so:

(123456789.12345).formatMoney(2, ".", ",");

If you're always going to use '.' and ',', you can leave them off your method call, and the method will default them for you.

(123456789.12345).formatMoney(2);

If your culture has the two symbols flipped (i.e. Europeans) and you would like to use the defaults, just paste over the following two lines in the formatMoney method:

    d = d == undefined ? "," : d, 
    t = t == undefined ? "." : t, 

Custom function (ES6)

If you can use modern ECMAScript syntax (i.e. through Babel), you can use this simpler function instead:

function formatMoney(amount, decimalCount = 2, decimal = ".", thousands = ",") {
  try {
    decimalCount = Math.abs(decimalCount);
    decimalCount = isNaN(decimalCount) ? 2 : decimalCount;

    const negativeSign = amount < 0 ? "-" : "";

    let i = parseInt(amount = Math.abs(Number(amount) || 0).toFixed(decimalCount)).toString();
    let j = (i.length > 3) ? i.length % 3 : 0;

    return negativeSign + (j ? i.substr(0, j) + thousands : '') + i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + thousands) + (decimalCount ? decimal + Math.abs(amount - i).toFixed(decimalCount).slice(2) : "");
  } catch (e) {
    console.log(e)
  }
};
document.getElementById("b").addEventListener("click", event => {
  document.getElementById("x").innerText = "Result was: " + formatMoney(document.getElementById("d").value);
});
<label>Insert your amount: <input id="d" type="text" placeholder="Cash amount" /></label>
<br />
<button id="b">Get Output</button>
<p id="x">(press button to get output)</p>

Answer

Intl.numberformat

Javascript has a number formatter (part of the Internationalization API).

// Create our number formatter.
var formatter = new Intl.NumberFormat('en-US', {
  style: 'currency',
  currency: 'USD',
});

formatter.format(2500); /* $2,500.00 */

JS fiddle

Use undefined in place of the first argument ('en-US' in the example) to use the system locale (the user locale in case the code is running in a browser). Further explanation of the locale code.

Here's a list of the currency codes.

Intl.NumberFormat vs Number.prototype.toLocaleString

A final note comparing this to the older .toLocaleString. They both offer essentially the same functionality. However, toLocaleString in its older incarnations (pre-Intl) does not actually support locales: it uses the system locale. Therefore, be sure that you're using the correct version (MDN suggests to check for the existence of Intl). Also, the performance of both is the same for a single item, but if you have a lot of numbers to format, using Intl.NumberFormat is ~70 times faster. Here's how to use toLocaleString:

(2500).toLocaleString('en-US', {
  style: 'currency',
  currency: 'USD',
}); /* $2,500.00 */

Some notes on browser support

  • Browser support is no longer an issue nowadays with 97.5% support globally, 98% in the US and 99% in the EU
  • There is a shim to support it on fossilized browsers, should you really need to
  • Have a look at CanIUse for more info
Answer

Short and fast solution (works everywhere!)

(12345.67).toFixed(2).replace(/\d(?=(\d{3})+\.)/g, '$&,');  // 12,345.67

The idea behind this solution is replacing matched sections with first match and comma, i.e. '$&,'. The matching is done using lookahead approach. You may read the expression as "match a number if it is followed by a sequence of three number sets (one or more) and a dot".

TESTS:

1        --> "1.00"
12       --> "12.00"
123      --> "123.00"
1234     --> "1,234.00"
12345    --> "12,345.00"
123456   --> "123,456.00"
1234567  --> "1,234,567.00"
12345.67 --> "12,345.67"

DEMO: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/9571/


Extended short solution

You can also extend the prototype of Number object to add additional support of any number of decimals [0 .. n] and the size of number groups [0 .. x]:

/**
 * Number.prototype.format(n, x)
 * 
 * @param integer n: length of decimal
 * @param integer x: length of sections
 */
Number.prototype.format = function(n, x) {
    var re = '\\d(?=(\\d{' + (x || 3) + '})+' + (n > 0 ? '\\.' : '$') + ')';
    return this.toFixed(Math.max(0, ~~n)).replace(new RegExp(re, 'g'), '$&,');
};

1234..format();           // "1,234"
12345..format(2);         // "12,345.00"
123456.7.format(3, 2);    // "12,34,56.700"
123456.789.format(2, 4);  // "12,3456.79"

DEMO / TESTS: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/435/


Super extended short solution

In this super extended version you may set different delimiter types:

/**
 * Number.prototype.format(n, x, s, c)
 * 
 * @param integer n: length of decimal
 * @param integer x: length of whole part
 * @param mixed   s: sections delimiter
 * @param mixed   c: decimal delimiter
 */
Number.prototype.format = function(n, x, s, c) {
    var re = '\\d(?=(\\d{' + (x || 3) + '})+' + (n > 0 ? '\\D' : '$') + ')',
        num = this.toFixed(Math.max(0, ~~n));

    return (c ? num.replace('.', c) : num).replace(new RegExp(re, 'g'), '$&' + (s || ','));
};

12345678.9.format(2, 3, '.', ',');  // "12.345.678,90"
123456.789.format(4, 4, ' ', ':');  // "12 3456:7890"
12345678.9.format(0, 3, '-');       // "12-345-679"

DEMO / TESTS: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/612/

Answer

Take a look at the JavaScript Number object and see if it can help you.

  • toLocaleString() will format a number using location specific thousands separator.
  • toFixed() will round the number to a specific number of decimal places.

To use these at the same time the value must have its type changed back to a number because they both output a string.

Example:

Number((someNumber).toFixed(1)).toLocaleString()
Answer

Below is the Patrick Desjardins (alias Daok) code with a bit of comments added and some minor changes:

/* 
decimal_sep: character used as deciaml separtor, it defaults to '.' when omitted
thousands_sep: char used as thousands separator, it defaults to ',' when omitted
*/
Number.prototype.toMoney = function(decimals, decimal_sep, thousands_sep)
{ 
   var n = this,
   c = isNaN(decimals) ? 2 : Math.abs(decimals), //if decimal is zero we must take it, it means user does not want to show any decimal
   d = decimal_sep || '.', //if no decimal separator is passed we use the dot as default decimal separator (we MUST use a decimal separator)

   /*
   according to [https://stackoverflow.com/questions/411352/how-best-to-determine-if-an-argument-is-not-sent-to-the-javascript-function]
   the fastest way to check for not defined parameter is to use typeof value === 'undefined' 
   rather than doing value === undefined.
   */   
   t = (typeof thousands_sep === 'undefined') ? ',' : thousands_sep, //if you don't want to use a thousands separator you can pass empty string as thousands_sep value

   sign = (n < 0) ? '-' : '',

   //extracting the absolute value of the integer part of the number and converting to string
   i = parseInt(n = Math.abs(n).toFixed(c)) + '', 

   j = ((j = i.length) > 3) ? j % 3 : 0; 
   return sign + (j ? i.substr(0, j) + t : '') + i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + t) + (c ? d + Math.abs(n - i).toFixed(c).slice(2) : ''); 
}

and here some tests:

//some tests (do not forget parenthesis when using negative numbers and number with no decimals)
alert(123456789.67392.toMoney() + '\n' + 123456789.67392.toMoney(3) + '\n' + 123456789.67392.toMoney(0) + '\n' + (123456).toMoney() + '\n' + (123456).toMoney(0) + '\n' + 89.67392.toMoney() + '\n' + (89).toMoney());

//some tests (do not forget parenthesis when using negative numbers and number with no decimals)
alert((-123456789.67392).toMoney() + '\n' + (-123456789.67392).toMoney(-3));

The minor changes are:

  1. moved a bit the Math.abs(decimals) to be done only when is not NaN.

  2. decimal_sep can not be empty string anymore (a some sort of decimal separator is a MUST)

  3. we use typeof thousands_sep === 'undefined' as suggested in How best to determine if an argument is not sent to the JavaScript function

  4. (+n || 0) is not needed because this is a Number object

JS Fiddle

Answer

accounting.js is a tiny JavaScript library for number, money and currency formatting.

Answer

If amount is a number, say -123, then

amount.toLocaleString('en-US', { style: 'currency', currency: 'USD' });

will produce the string "-$123.00".

Here's a complete working example.

Answer

Here's the best js money formatter I've seen:

Number.prototype.formatMoney = function(decPlaces, thouSeparator, decSeparator) {
    var n = this,
        decPlaces = isNaN(decPlaces = Math.abs(decPlaces)) ? 2 : decPlaces,
        decSeparator = decSeparator == undefined ? "." : decSeparator,
        thouSeparator = thouSeparator == undefined ? "," : thouSeparator,
        sign = n < 0 ? "-" : "",
        i = parseInt(n = Math.abs(+n || 0).toFixed(decPlaces)) + "",
        j = (j = i.length) > 3 ? j % 3 : 0;
    return sign + (j ? i.substr(0, j) + thouSeparator : "") + i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + thouSeparator) + (decPlaces ? decSeparator + Math.abs(n - i).toFixed(decPlaces).slice(2) : "");
};

It was re-formatted and borrowed from here: https://stackoverflow.com/a/149099/751484

You'll have to supply your own currency designator (you used $ above).

Call it like this (although note that the args default to 2, comma, & period, so you don't need to supply any args if that's your preference):

var myMoney=3543.75873;
var formattedMoney = '$' + myMoney.formatMoney(2,',','.'); // "$3,543.76"
Answer

Works for all current browsers

Use toLocaleString to format a currency in it's language-sensitive representation (using ISO 4217 currency codes).

(2500).toLocaleString("en-GB", {style: "currency", currency: "GBP", minimumFractionDigits: 2}) 

Example South African Rand code snippets for @avenmore

console.log((2500).toLocaleString("en-ZA", {style: "currency", currency: "ZAR", minimumFractionDigits: 2}))
// -> R 2 500,00
console.log((2500).toLocaleString("en-GB", {style: "currency", currency: "ZAR", minimumFractionDigits: 2}))
// -> ZAR 2,500.00

Answer

There are already some great answers here. Here's another attempt, just for fun:

function formatDollar(num) {
    var p = num.toFixed(2).split(".");
    return "$" + p[0].split("").reverse().reduce(function(acc, num, i, orig) {
        return  num=="-" ? acc : num + (i && !(i % 3) ? "," : "") + acc;
    }, "") + "." + p[1];
}

And some tests:

formatDollar(45664544.23423) // "$45,664,544.23"
formatDollar(45) // "$45.00"
formatDollar(123) // "$123.00"
formatDollar(7824) // "$7,824.00"
formatDollar(1) // "$1.00"

Edited: now it will handle negative numbers as well

Answer

I think what you want is f.nettotal.value = "$" + showValue.toFixed(2);

Answer

Numeral.js - a js library for easy number formatting by @adamwdraper

numeral(23456.789).format('$0,0.00'); // = "$23,456.79"
Answer

Ok, based on what you said, i'm using this:

var DecimalSeparator = Number("1.2").toLocaleString().substr(1,1);

var AmountWithCommas = Amount.toLocaleString();
var arParts = String(AmountWithCommas).split(DecimalSeparator);
var intPart = arParts[0];
var decPart = (arParts.length > 1 ? arParts[1] : '');
decPart = (decPart + '00').substr(0,2);

return '£ ' + intPart + DecimalSeparator + decPart;

I'm open to improvement suggestions (i'd prefer not to include YUI just to do this :-) ) I already know I should be detecting the "." instead of just using it as the decimal separator...

Answer

I use the library Globalize (from Microsoft):

It's a great project to localize numbers, currencies and dates and to have them automatically formatted the right way according to the user locale! ...and despite it should be a jQuery extension, it's currently a 100% independent library. I suggest you all to try it out! :)

Answer

javascript-number-formatter (formerly at Google Code)

  • Short, fast, flexible yet standalone. Only 75 lines including MIT license info, blank lines & comments.
  • Accept standard number formatting like #,##0.00 or with negation -000.####.
  • Accept any country format like # ##0,00, #,###.##, #'###.## or any type of non-numbering symbol.
  • Accept any numbers of digit grouping. #,##,#0.000 or #,###0.## are all valid.
  • Accept any redundant/fool-proof formatting. ##,###,##.# or 0#,#00#.###0# are all OK.
  • Auto number rounding.
  • Simple interface, just supply mask & value like this: format( "0.0000", 3.141592).
  • Include a prefix & suffix with the mask

(excerpt from its README)

Answer

+1 to Jonathan M for providing the original method. Since this is explicitly a currency formatter, I went ahead and added the currency symbol (defaults to '$') to the output, and added a default comma as the thousands separator. If you don't actually want a currency symbol (or thousands separator), just use "" (empty string) as your argument for it.

Number.prototype.formatMoney = function(decPlaces, thouSeparator, decSeparator, currencySymbol) {
    // check the args and supply defaults:
    decPlaces = isNaN(decPlaces = Math.abs(decPlaces)) ? 2 : decPlaces;
    decSeparator = decSeparator == undefined ? "." : decSeparator;
    thouSeparator = thouSeparator == undefined ? "," : thouSeparator;
    currencySymbol = currencySymbol == undefined ? "$" : currencySymbol;

    var n = this,
        sign = n < 0 ? "-" : "",
        i = parseInt(n = Math.abs(+n || 0).toFixed(decPlaces)) + "",
        j = (j = i.length) > 3 ? j % 3 : 0;

    return sign + currencySymbol + (j ? i.substr(0, j) + thouSeparator : "") + i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + thouSeparator) + (decPlaces ? decSeparator + Math.abs(n - i).toFixed(decPlaces).slice(2) : "");
};
Answer

There is a javascript port of the PHP function "number_format".

I find it very usefull as it is easy to use and recognisable for PHP developers.

function number_format (number, decimals, dec_point, thousands_sep) {
    var n = number, prec = decimals;

    var toFixedFix = function (n,prec) {
        var k = Math.pow(10,prec);
        return (Math.round(n*k)/k).toString();
    };

    n = !isFinite(+n) ? 0 : +n;
    prec = !isFinite(+prec) ? 0 : Math.abs(prec);
    var sep = (typeof thousands_sep === 'undefined') ? ',' : thousands_sep;
    var dec = (typeof dec_point === 'undefined') ? '.' : dec_point;

    var s = (prec > 0) ? toFixedFix(n, prec) : toFixedFix(Math.round(n), prec); 
    //fix for IE parseFloat(0.55).toFixed(0) = 0;

    var abs = toFixedFix(Math.abs(n), prec);
    var _, i;

    if (abs >= 1000) {
        _ = abs.split(/\D/);
        i = _[0].length % 3 || 3;

        _[0] = s.slice(0,i + (n < 0)) +
               _[0].slice(i).replace(/(\d{3})/g, sep+'$1');
        s = _.join(dec);
    } else {
        s = s.replace('.', dec);
    }

    var decPos = s.indexOf(dec);
    if (prec >= 1 && decPos !== -1 && (s.length-decPos-1) < prec) {
        s += new Array(prec-(s.length-decPos-1)).join(0)+'0';
    }
    else if (prec >= 1 && decPos === -1) {
        s += dec+new Array(prec).join(0)+'0';
    }
    return s; 
}

(Comment block from the original, included below for examples & credit where due)

// Formats a number with grouped thousands
//
// version: 906.1806
// discuss at: http://phpjs.org/functions/number_format
// +   original by: Jonas Raoni Soares Silva (http://www.jsfromhell.com)
// +   improved by: Kevin van Zonneveld (http://kevin.vanzonneveld.net)
// +     bugfix by: Michael White (http://getsprink.com)
// +     bugfix by: Benjamin Lupton
// +     bugfix by: Allan Jensen (http://www.winternet.no)
// +    revised by: Jonas Raoni Soares Silva (http://www.jsfromhell.com)
// +     bugfix by: Howard Yeend
// +    revised by: Luke Smith (http://lucassmith.name)
// +     bugfix by: Diogo Resende
// +     bugfix by: Rival
// +     input by: Kheang Hok Chin (http://www.distantia.ca/)
// +     improved by: davook
// +     improved by: Brett Zamir (http://brett-zamir.me)
// +     input by: Jay Klehr
// +     improved by: Brett Zamir (http://brett-zamir.me)
// +     input by: Amir Habibi (http://www.residence-mixte.com/)
// +     bugfix by: Brett Zamir (http://brett-zamir.me)
// *     example 1: number_format(1234.56);
// *     returns 1: '1,235'
// *     example 2: number_format(1234.56, 2, ',', ' ');
// *     returns 2: '1 234,56'
// *     example 3: number_format(1234.5678, 2, '.', '');
// *     returns 3: '1234.57'
// *     example 4: number_format(67, 2, ',', '.');
// *     returns 4: '67,00'
// *     example 5: number_format(1000);
// *     returns 5: '1,000'
// *     example 6: number_format(67.311, 2);
// *     returns 6: '67.31'
// *     example 7: number_format(1000.55, 1);
// *     returns 7: '1,000.6'
// *     example 8: number_format(67000, 5, ',', '.');
// *     returns 8: '67.000,00000'
// *     example 9: number_format(0.9, 0);
// *     returns 9: '1'
// *     example 10: number_format('1.20', 2);
// *     returns 10: '1.20'
// *     example 11: number_format('1.20', 4);
// *     returns 11: '1.2000'
// *     example 12: number_format('1.2000', 3);
// *     returns 12: '1.200'
Answer

A shorter method (for inserting space, comma or point) with regular expression ?

    Number.prototype.toCurrencyString=function(){
        return this.toFixed(2).replace(/(\d)(?=(\d{3})+\b)/g,'$1 ');
    }

    n=12345678.9;
    alert(n.toCurrencyString());
Answer

Patrick Desjardins' answer looks good, but I prefer my javascript simple. Here's a function I just wrote to take a number in and return it in currency format (minus the dollar sign)

// Format numbers to two decimals with commas
function formatDollar(num) {
    var p = num.toFixed(2).split(".");
    var chars = p[0].split("").reverse();
    var newstr = '';
    var count = 0;
    for (x in chars) {
        count++;
        if(count%3 == 1 && count != 1) {
            newstr = chars[x] + ',' + newstr;
        } else {
            newstr = chars[x] + newstr;
        }
    }
    return newstr + "." + p[1];
}
Answer

The main part is inserting the thousand-separators, that could be done like this:

<script type="text/javascript">
function ins1000Sep(val){
  val = val.split(".");
  val[0] = val[0].split("").reverse().join("");
  val[0] = val[0].replace(/(\d{3})/g,"$1,");
  val[0] = val[0].split("").reverse().join("");
  val[0] = val[0].indexOf(",")==0?val[0].substring(1):val[0];
  return val.join(".");
}
function rem1000Sep(val){
  return val.replace(/,/g,"");
}
function formatNum(val){
  val = Math.round(val*100)/100;
  val = (""+val).indexOf(".")>-1 ? val + "00" : val + ".00";
  var dec = val.indexOf(".");
  return dec == val.length-3 || dec == 0 ? val : val.substring(0,dec+3);
}
</script>

<button onclick="alert(ins1000Sep(formatNum(12313231)));">
Answer

There is a built-in function toFixed in javascript

var num = new Number(349);
document.write("$" + num.toFixed(2));
Answer
function CurrencyFormatted(amount)
{
    var i = parseFloat(amount);
    if(isNaN(i)) { i = 0.00; }
    var minus = '';
    if(i < 0) { minus = '-'; }
    i = Math.abs(i);
    i = parseInt((i + .005) * 100);
    i = i / 100;
    s = new String(i);
    if(s.indexOf('.') < 0) { s += '.00'; }
    if(s.indexOf('.') == (s.length - 2)) { s += '0'; }
    s = minus + s;
    return s;
}

From WillMaster.

Answer

I suggest the NumberFormat class from Google Visualization API.

You can do something like this:

var formatter = new google.visualization.NumberFormat({
    prefix: '$',
    pattern: '#,###,###.##'
});

formatter.formatValue(1000000); // $ 1,000,000

I hope it helps.

Answer

This might be a little late, but here's a method I just worked up for a coworker to add a locale-aware .toCurrencyString() function to all numbers. The internalization is for number grouping only, NOT the currency sign - if you're outputting dollars, use "$" as supplied, because $123 4567 in Japan or China is the same number of USD as $1,234,567 is here in the US. If you're outputting euro/etc., then change the currency sign from "$".

Declare this anywhere in your HEAD or wherever necessary, just before you need to use it:

  Number.prototype.toCurrencyString = function(prefix, suffix) {
    if (typeof prefix === 'undefined') { prefix = '$'; }
    if (typeof suffix === 'undefined') { suffix = ''; }
    var _localeBug = new RegExp((1).toLocaleString().replace(/^1/, '').replace(/\./, '\\.') + "$");
    return prefix + (~~this).toLocaleString().replace(_localeBug, '') + (this % 1).toFixed(2).toLocaleString().replace(/^[+-]?0+/,'') + suffix;
  }

Then you're done! Use (number).toCurrencyString() anywhere you need to output the number as currency.

var MyNumber = 123456789.125;
alert(MyNumber.toCurrencyString()); // alerts "$123,456,789.13"
MyNumber = -123.567;
alert(MyNumber.toCurrencyString()); // alerts "$-123.57"
Answer

As usually, there are multiple ways of doing the same thing but I would avoid using Number.prototype.toLocaleString since it can return different values based on the user settings.

I also don't recommend extending the Number.prototype - extending native objects prototypes is a bad practice since it can cause conflicts with other people code (e.g. libraries/frameworks/plugins) and may not be compatible with future JavaScript implementations/versions.

I believe that Regular Expressions are the best approach for the problem, here is my implementation:

/**
 * Converts number into currency format
 * @param {number} number   Number that should be converted.
 * @param {string} [decimalSeparator]    Decimal separator, defaults to '.'.
 * @param {string} [thousandsSeparator]    Thousands separator, defaults to ','.
 * @param {int} [nDecimalDigits]    Number of decimal digits, defaults to `2`.
 * @return {string} Formatted string (e.g. numberToCurrency(12345.67) returns '12,345.67')
 */
function numberToCurrency(number, decimalSeparator, thousandsSeparator, nDecimalDigits){
    //default values
    decimalSeparator = decimalSeparator || '.';
    thousandsSeparator = thousandsSeparator || ',';
    nDecimalDigits = nDecimalDigits == null? 2 : nDecimalDigits;

    var fixed = number.toFixed(nDecimalDigits), //limit/add decimal digits
        parts = new RegExp('^(-?\\d{1,3})((?:\\d{3})+)(\\.(\\d{'+ nDecimalDigits +'}))?$').exec( fixed ); //separate begin [$1], middle [$2] and decimal digits [$4]

    if(parts){ //number >= 1000 || number <= -1000
        return parts[1] + parts[2].replace(/\d{3}/g, thousandsSeparator + '$&') + (parts[4] ? decimalSeparator + parts[4] : '');
    }else{
        return fixed.replace('.', decimalSeparator);
    }
}

edited on 2010/08/30: added option to set number of decimal digits. edited on 2011/08/23: added option to set number of decimal digits to zero.

Answer

Here are some solutions, all pass the test suite, test suite and benchmark included, if you want copy and paste to test, try This Gist.

Method 0 (RegExp)

Base on https://stackoverflow.com/a/14428340/1877620, but fix if there is no decimal point.

if (typeof Number.prototype.format === 'undefined') {
    Number.prototype.format = function (precision) {
        if (!isFinite(this)) {
            return this.toString();
        }

        var a = this.toFixed(precision).split('.');
        a[0] = a[0].replace(/\d(?=(\d{3})+$)/g, '$&,');
        return a.join('.');
    }
}

Method 1

if (typeof Number.prototype.format === 'undefined') {
    Number.prototype.format = function (precision) {
        if (!isFinite(this)) {
            return this.toString();
        }

        var a = this.toFixed(precision).split('.'),
            // skip the '-' sign
            head = Number(this < 0);

        // skip the digits that's before the first thousands separator 
        head += (a[0].length - head) % 3 || 3;

        a[0] = a[0].slice(0, head) + a[0].slice(head).replace(/\d{3}/g, ',$&');
        return a.join('.');
    };
}

Method 2 (Split to Array)

if (typeof Number.prototype.format === 'undefined') {
    Number.prototype.format = function (precision) {
        if (!isFinite(this)) {
            return this.toString();
        }

        var a = this.toFixed(precision).split('.');

        a[0] = a[0]
            .split('').reverse().join('')
            .replace(/\d{3}(?=\d)/g, '$&,')
            .split('').reverse().join('');

        return a.join('.');
    };
}

Method 3 (Loop)

if (typeof Number.prototype.format === 'undefined') {
    Number.prototype.format = function (precision) {
        if (!isFinite(this)) {
            return this.toString();
        }

        var a = this.toFixed(precision).split('');
        a.push('.');

        var i = a.indexOf('.') - 3;
        while (i > 0 && a[i-1] !== '-') {
            a.splice(i, 0, ',');
            i -= 3;
        }

        a.pop();
        return a.join('');
    };
}

Usage Example

console.log('======== Demo ========')
console.log(
    (1234567).format(0),
    (1234.56).format(2),
    (-1234.56).format(0)
);
var n = 0;
for (var i=1; i<20; i++) {
    n = (n * 10) + (i % 10)/100;
    console.log(n.format(2), (-n).format(2));
}

Separator

If we want custom thousands separator or decimal separator, use replace():

123456.78.format(2).replace(',', ' ').replace('.', ' ');

Test suite

function assertEqual(a, b) {
    if (a !== b) {
        throw a + ' !== ' + b;
    }
}

function test(format_function) {
    console.log(format_function);
    assertEqual('NaN', format_function.call(NaN, 0))
    assertEqual('Infinity', format_function.call(Infinity, 0))
    assertEqual('-Infinity', format_function.call(-Infinity, 0))

    assertEqual('0', format_function.call(0, 0))
    assertEqual('0.00', format_function.call(0, 2))
    assertEqual('1', format_function.call(1, 0))
    assertEqual('-1', format_function.call(-1, 0))
    // decimal padding
    assertEqual('1.00', format_function.call(1, 2))
    assertEqual('-1.00', format_function.call(-1, 2))
    // decimal rounding
    assertEqual('0.12', format_function.call(0.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('0.1235', format_function.call(0.123456, 4))
    assertEqual('-0.12', format_function.call(-0.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('-0.1235', format_function.call(-0.123456, 4))
    // thousands separator
    assertEqual('1,234', format_function.call(1234.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('12,345', format_function.call(12345.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('123,456', format_function.call(123456.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('1,234,567', format_function.call(1234567.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('12,345,678', format_function.call(12345678.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('123,456,789', format_function.call(123456789.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('-1,234', format_function.call(-1234.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('-12,345', format_function.call(-12345.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('-123,456', format_function.call(-123456.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('-1,234,567', format_function.call(-1234567.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('-12,345,678', format_function.call(-12345678.123456, 0))
    assertEqual('-123,456,789', format_function.call(-123456789.123456, 0))
    // thousands separator and decimal
    assertEqual('1,234.12', format_function.call(1234.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('12,345.12', format_function.call(12345.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('123,456.12', format_function.call(123456.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('1,234,567.12', format_function.call(1234567.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('12,345,678.12', format_function.call(12345678.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('123,456,789.12', format_function.call(123456789.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('-1,234.12', format_function.call(-1234.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('-12,345.12', format_function.call(-12345.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('-123,456.12', format_function.call(-123456.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('-1,234,567.12', format_function.call(-1234567.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('-12,345,678.12', format_function.call(-12345678.123456, 2))
    assertEqual('-123,456,789.12', format_function.call(-123456789.123456, 2))
}

console.log('======== Testing ========');
test(Number.prototype.format);
test(Number.prototype.format1);
test(Number.prototype.format2);
test(Number.prototype.format3);

Benchmark

function benchmark(f) {
    var start = new Date().getTime();
    f();
    return new Date().getTime() - start;
}

function benchmark_format(f) {
    console.log(f);
    time = benchmark(function () {
        for (var i = 0; i < 100000; i++) {
            f.call(123456789, 0);
            f.call(123456789, 2);
        }
    });
    console.log(time.format(0) + 'ms');
}

// if not using async, browser will stop responding while running.
// this will create a new thread to benchmark
async = [];
function next() {
    setTimeout(function () {
        f = async.shift();
        f && f();
        next();
    }, 10);
}

console.log('======== Benchmark ========');
async.push(function () { benchmark_format(Number.prototype.format); });
next();
Answer

A simple option for proper comma placement by reversing the string first and basic regexp.

String.prototype.reverse = function() {
    return this.split('').reverse().join('');
};

Number.prototype.toCurrency = function( round_decimal /*boolean*/ ) {       
     // format decimal or round to nearest integer
     var n = this.toFixed( round_decimal ? 0 : 2 );

     // convert to a string, add commas every 3 digits from left to right 
     // by reversing string
     return (n + '').reverse().replace( /(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, '$1,' ).reverse();
};
Answer

I found this from: accounting.js . Its very easy and perfectly fits my need.

// Default usage:
accounting.formatMoney(12345678); // $12,345,678.00

// European formatting (custom symbol and separators), can also use options object as second parameter:
accounting.formatMoney(4999.99, "€", 2, ".", ","); // €4.999,99

// Negative values can be formatted nicely:
accounting.formatMoney(-500000, "£ ", 0); // £ -500,000

// Simple `format` string allows control of symbol position (%v = value, %s = symbol):
accounting.formatMoney(5318008, { symbol: "GBP",  format: "%v %s" }); // 5,318,008.00 GBP

// Euro currency symbol to the right
accounting.formatMoney(5318008, {symbol: "€", precision: 2, thousand: ".", decimal : ",", format: "%v%s"}); // 1.008,00€ 

Answer

Patrick Desjardins (ex Daok)'s example worked well for me. I ported over to coffeescript if anyone is interested.

Number.prototype.toMoney = (decimals = 2, decimal_separator = ".", thousands_separator = ",") ->
    n = this
    c = if isNaN(decimals) then 2 else Math.abs decimals
    sign = if n < 0 then "-" else ""
    i = parseInt(n = Math.abs(n).toFixed(c)) + ''
    j = if (j = i.length) > 3 then j % 3 else 0
    x = if j then i.substr(0, j) + thousands_separator else ''
    y = i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + thousands_separator)
    z = if c then decimal_separator + Math.abs(n - i).toFixed(c).slice(2) else ''
    sign + x + y + z
Answer

Number(value)
        .toFixed(2)
        .replace(/(\d)(?=(\d{3})+(?!\d))/g, "$1,")

Answer

You can use Intl natively like this:

// value: 11.07

Intl.NumberFormat('pt-BR', { style: 'currency', currency: 'BRL' }).format(value)

// result: R$ 11,07

documentation: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Intl

hope this helps! ;)

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