XMLHttpRequest module not defined/found

This is my code:

var XMLHttpRequest = require("xmlhttprequest").XMLHttpRequest;
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("GET", "//URL")
xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type: application/json", "Authorization: Basic //AuthKey");
xhr.send();

I am getting the error:

Cannot find module 'xmlhttprequest'

When I remove the first line, I am getting:

XMLHttpRequest is not defined

I have searched all over and people have mentioned a problem with Node.js here and there but my installation of Node was correct so I'm not sure what the issue is.

Answers:

Answer

XMLHttpRequest is a built-in object in web browsers.

It is not distributed with Node; you have to install it separately,

  1. Install it with npm,

    npm install xmlhttprequest
    
  2. Now you can require it in your code.

    var XMLHttpRequest = require("xmlhttprequest").XMLHttpRequest;
    var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
    

That said, the http module is the built-in tool for making HTTP requests from Node.

Axios is a library for making HTTP requests which is available for Node and browsers that is very popular these days.

Answer

Since the last update of the xmlhttprequest module was around 2 years ago, in some cases it does not work as expected.

So instead, you can use the xhr2 module. In other words:

var XMLHttpRequest = require("xmlhttprequest").XMLHttpRequest;
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();

becomes:

var XMLHttpRequest = require('xhr2');
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();

But ... of course, there are more popular modules like Axios, because -for example- uses promises:

// Make a request for a user with a given ID
axios.get('/user?ID=12345').then(function (response) {
    console.log(response);
}).catch(function (error) {
    console.log(error);
});
Answer

With the xhr2 library you can globally overwrite XMLHttpRequest from your JS code. This allows you to use external libraries in node, that were intended to be run from browsers / assume they are run in a browser.

global.XMLHttpRequest = require('xhr2');

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