How to convert a byte array into an image?

Using Javascript, I'm making an AJAX call to a WCF service, and it is returning a byte array. How can I convert that to an image and display it on the web page?

Answers:

Answer

I realize this is an old thread, but I managed to do this through an AJAX call on a web service and thought I'd share...

  • I have an image in my page already:

     <img id="ItemPreview" src="" />
    
  • AJAX:

    $.ajax({
            type: 'POST',
            contentType: 'application/json; charset=utf-8',
            dataType: 'json',
            timeout: 10000,
            url: 'Common.asmx/GetItemPreview',
            data: '{"id":"' + document.getElementById("AwardDropDown").value + '"}',
            success: function (data) {
                if (data.d != null) {
                    var results = jQuery.parseJSON(data.d);
                    for (var key in results) {
                        //the results is a base64 string.  convert it to an image and assign as 'src'
                        document.getElementById("ItemPreview").src = "data:image/png;base64," + results[key];
                    }
                }
            }
        });
    

My 'GetItemPreview' code queries a SQL server where I have an image stored as a base64 string and returns that field as the 'results':

     string itemPreview = DB.ExecuteScalar(String.Format("SELECT [avatarImage] FROM [avatar_item_template] WHERE [id] = {0}", DB.Sanitize(id)));
     results.Add("Success", itemPreview);
     return json.Serialize(results);

The magic is in the AJAX call at this line:

     document.getElementById("ItemPreview").src = "data:image/png;base64," + results[key];

Enjoy!

Answer

Instead of calling the service with AJAX, use Javascript to build an image element and point it to the service directly...

var img = document.createElement("IMG");
img.src = "http://url/to/service";
img.alt = "ALT TEXT";
document.body.appendChild(img);

Just make sure the service sets the content type properly.

Answer

Here is JavaScript source to decode PNG, JPEG and GIF image bytes, using the Data URI scheme:

Images.decodeArrayBuffer = function(buffer, onLoad) {
    var mime;
    var a = new Uint8Array(buffer);
    var nb = a.length;
    if (nb < 4)
        return null;
    var b0 = a[0];
    var b1 = a[1];
    var b2 = a[2];
    var b3 = a[3];
    if (b0 == 0x89 && b1 == 0x50 && b2 == 0x4E && b3 == 0x47)
        mime = 'image/png';
    else if (b0 == 0xff && b1 == 0xd8)
        mime = 'image/jpeg';
    else if (b0 == 0x47 && b1 == 0x49 && b2 == 0x46)
        mime = 'image/gif';
    else
        return null;
    var binary = "";
    for (var i = 0; i < nb; i++)
        binary += String.fromCharCode(a[i]);
    var base64 = window.btoa(binary);
    var image = new Image();
    image.onload = onLoad;
    image.src = 'data:' + mime + ';base64,' + base64;
    return image;
}
Answer

You would probably want to create a data-uri from your data and put it in the src attribute of an img element

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_URI_scheme

Answer

Just send it back as a Base64 then just:

var sig = new Image;
sig.src = 'data:image/png;base64,' + $('#Signature').val();

In my case I am using a Hidden Input with an Id of Signature to store that Base64 data

Answer

Late to the party but if your response looks like

[137,80,78,71,13,10,26,10,0,...]

you can use this:

var imgsrc = "data:image/png;base64," + btoa(String.fromCharCode.apply(null, new Uint8Array([137,80,78,71,13,10,26,10,0,...])));
Answer

Converting the byte array to base64 when you have the binary byte array is ridiculously expensive, and more importantly; it's totally unnecessary work, as you don't have to do convert it at all in modern browsers! The static URL.createObjectURL method creates a DOMString, a short browser-specific url, from the byte array, and you can use the resulting short string in img.src or similar.

This is infinitely faster than solutions that require chaining TextEncoder and btoa when all you need is to display an image received in a byte array form.

var blob = new Blob( [ uint8ArrayBuffer ], { type: "image/jpeg" } );
var imageUrl = URL.createObjectURL( blob );

This is using HTML5 APIs, and so will not work on Node or other JS based servers, of course.

// Simulate a call to Dropbox or other service that can
// return an image as an ArrayBuffer.
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();

// Use PlaceKitten as a sample image to avoid complicating
// this example with cross-domain issues.
xhr.open( "GET", "https://placekitten.com/200/140", true );

// Ask for the result as an ArrayBuffer.
xhr.responseType = "arraybuffer";

xhr.onload = function( e ) {
    // Obtain a blob: URL for the image data.
    var arrayBufferView = new Uint8Array( this.response );
    var blob = new Blob( [ arrayBufferView ], { type: "image/jpeg" } );
    var urlCreator = window.URL || window.webkitURL;
    var imageUrl = urlCreator.createObjectURL( blob );
    var img = document.querySelector( "#photo" );
    img.src = imageUrl;
};

xhr.send();
<h1>Demo of displaying an ArrayBuffer</h1>
<p><a href="http://jsfiddle.net/Jan_Miksovsky/yy7Zs/">Originally made by Jan Miksovsky</p>
<img id="photo"/>

Answer

Using jQuery as an example:

var myImage = $('< img src="data:image/jpg; base64," + bytesarray + "/>"');

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